The Republic of Mozambique has a very young and rural-based population. Since the end of the 15 year long civil war, Mozambique has had a high economic growth rate linked to economic reform and the revival of the agriculture, transportation, and tourism sectors. Mozambique is highly exposed to climate hazards, such as droughts, floods, and coastal storms, and will need to adapt to climate change.
Going forward, Mozambique’s development is expected to improve thanks to the country’s important reserves of coal and natural gas provided that security and stability are achieved in these regions.
Given this context, our development cooperation with Mozambique focuses on 3 priority areas:
Democracy and the rule of law: We aim to promote the deepening of a gender-sensitive democratic system, transparency, accountability, and the rule of law to strengthen the Mozambican State in its core functions of protecting human rights, guaranteeing peace and security, promoting an inclusive political system, and providing basic services to its population.
Sustainable and inclusive economic development: We support Mozambique’s efforts to stabilise its economy, create jobs, foster rural competitiveness, and better engage the private sector, while ensuring inclusiveness and environmental preservation.
Investment: We encourage investment relations between Mozambique and Europe, by identifying opportunities and engaging in economic diplomacy.
Our main way of cooperation with Mozambique is bilateral. Our national indicative programme (NIP) under the 11th European Development Fund (EDF) for the period 2014-2020 for Mozambique is in line with the country’s 5-year government plan (2015-2019).
Mozambique is part and the coordinator for the implementation of the group of Portuguese-speaking African countries and Timor Leste (PALOP-TL group). As such, it benefits from funding allocated to this programme, notably in the fields of employment and economic governance.
Mozambique is also one of the main beneficiaries of the Tripartite transport and transit facilitation programme (TTTFP) funded by the regional indicative programme (RIP) for Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, and the Indian Ocean (EA-SA-IO), in terms of technical assistance and capacity building. The RIP also funds the construction of the power interconnector linking Mozambique and Malawi.
Mozambique also ratified the EU-SADC economic partnership agreement in 2017. And the EU-Africa infrastructure trust fund (EU-AITF) is being used to implement the first renewable energy auction in Mozambique.
We also support civil society organisations (CSOs), via our Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) and the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR). These contracts are directly managed by the EU delegation on the ground and concern sectors like culture and tourism, natural resources management, marine biodiversity, climate change adaptation, support for sugar cane smallholder farmer associations, women rights, and domestic violence.
Mozambique is also 1 of the 8 African countries benefitting from the EU-UN joint ‘Spotlight’ initiative, which aims to end sexual gender-based violence and protect women’s and girls’ sexual and reproductive health and rights.