International Cooperation and Development

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked and mountainous country, endowed with rich natural beauty and home to about 6 million people. It is a lower middle-income economy and one of the most remittance-dependent countries in the World.

Our priorities

EU bilateral development cooperation with Kyrgyzstan amounts to €174 million for the period 2014-2020.Our cooperation supports the national priorities set by the Kyrgyz Government and focuses mainly on the rule of law, education, rural development and investments.

Our impact

  • E-justice rolled out to all 64 first instance courts

Digitalisation and e-governance development are high on the Kyrgyz Government agenda. The EU provided expertise to support this endeavour, for instance in the judicial sector with the implementation of e-justice.

  • 22 disabled youth trained in IT programming

In the spring of 2018, the IT academy launched with EU support a programming course designed specifically for youth with physical disabilities, who were offered internships at IT companies. Close to half of the beneficiaries were female students. 70 public schools were equipped with computers, equipment for labs, interactive boards and 10 public schools were provided with appropriate equipment and learning conditions for children with disabilities across the country

The 3-year Education Budget Support Programme promotes inclusive, quality education.

  • 310 disabled children are now benefitting from better conditions thanks to the reconstruction of 2 nursing homes in Jalal Abad and Belovodsk.
  • EU support to social protection focuses on service provision for the most vulnerables.
  • 12 plum and apple orchards equipped with innovative gardening technologies and 8 drying units established benefitting communities in Jalal Abad, the poorest region of Kyrgyzstan.

Over 68 producer groups were supported in entering both domestic and international markets, and local infrastructure of critical socio-economic importance was rehabilitated.

Our programmes

The EU provides the majority of its assistance in Kyrgyzstan through budget support. Budget support is a means of delivering effective aid and durable results in support of EU partners’ reform efforts and Sustainable Development Goals. Budget support is based on a strategic approach, with well-defined, long-term policy priorities supported by adequate resources.

  • EU support to the rule of law amounts to €38 million for the period 2014-2020. The EU provides technical assistance and expertise to Kyrgyz institutions to implement judicial reforms and promotes comprehensive electoral reform.
  • Education is crucial for sustainable economic development and job creation for the growing and young Kyrgyz population. The EU has invested €72 million in the education sector for the period 2014-2020.
    The EU supports the Kyrgyz authorities’ efforts to make education policies more inclusive, cost-effective and transparent. It promotes equitable access to quality education for all, irrespective of gender, ethnic and linguistic backgrounds. It also seeks to bring the skills and qualifications offered by the education and training systems closer to the needs of the labour market.
  • The EU allocated €62 million to integrated rural development. This includes support to rural income generating activities to stimulate innovative local economy and social development initiatives. The EU promotes poverty alleviation and social justice through the development of an efficient social protection system and integrated water management throughout the country.

The Investment Facility for Central Asia provides grants to attract financial resources from financial institutions and other public and private partners for investments, technical assistance, or risk capital operations. This encourages beneficiaries to make investments which are relevant for sustainable development and would otherwise be financially or technically difficult to realise. In Kyrgyzstan, the EU invested in sectors such as municipal infrastructure, SMEs as well as drinking and wastewater.