Guinea-Bissau is a small country in West Africa with a history of political instability since its independence in 1973.
The economy is based mainly on agriculture and fisheries, and to some extent on forestry and livestock. Guinea-Bissau is highly vulnerable to the impact of global climate change.
The strategic objectives of the EU are twofold:
- supporting the most vulnerable populations in terms of access to basic services and guarantee an inclusive socio-economic development.
- contributing to the consolidation of peace and stability and the necessary reforms for strengthening the governance.
These objectives are in line with the Sustainable Development Goals and with the Security and Energy/Climate Change priority areas, which would also help address root causes of migration.
Since August 2015, due to the fluctuating political situation and uncertainty, the National Indicative Programme (NIP) covering the 2016-2020 period has not yet been signed, even though its content has been agreed by both parties and confirms our framework for action.
The allocation foreseen under the 11th EDF amounts to €108 million and the 3 focal sectors are:
Consolidation of democratic governance (€28 million) – support in the areas of:
- technical assistance for the improvement of the public administration management
- public policy-making in the area of education and professional training governance
- democratic process, via electoral cycle support
Sustainable rural development (€41 million) – the aim is to enhance food security and improve access to water and renewable energy in rural areas supporting directly the population of Guinea Bissau
Health (€23 million) – with a focus on maternal and children’s health and sustainable rural development, including access to water and energy in direct support to the population.
Support to the focal sectors is underpinned by support to civil society (€8 million) and institutional strengthening of the relevant ministries and public institutions (€8 million).
The PALOP TL - EU Regional Programme supports governance, in particular Consolidating Economic Governance and Public Finance Management, and employlent in the cultural sector.
Under the 10th European Development Fund (EDF) cycle of funding (2008-2013), €47 million was allocated to Guinea-Bissau. The main results and impact were:
- strengthened state structrures
- improved governance
- conflict prevention and encouraging national reconciliation
- extension of hydroelectric and solar energy use
- promotion of macroeconomic stability