Comoros is situated in the Indian Ocean at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel and off the eastern coast of Africa. The 3 islands making up Comoros voted for independence from France in 1974.
As a very small open economy with limited exports, predominantly of cloves, ylang-ylang and vanilla, Comoros is highly dependent on imports of goods and services. Its agriculture sector is the main economic driver as it represents nearly half of the GDP and 80% of jobs. Fisheries and tourism are under exploited however due to a lack of adequate infrastructures.
In coordination with Comoros’ national development strategy, we currently offer support under the 11th European Development Fund (EDF) from 2015-2020. We have adopted a joint programming approach with France, the only EU country providing support to Comoros.
In addition, we cooperate with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank and the African Development Bank which have active programmes in Comoros.
Under the 11th EDF, we prioritise:
- supporting good governance and a well-functioning justice system
- contributing to sustainable economic development through improving infrastructure, private sector development and the sustainable use of natural resources
- contributing to human development and poverty reduction through improvement of basic services to the population and support to civil society
Our development cooperation with Comoros functions under Annual Action Programmes (AAP) and takes a project approach.
A 2015 AAP project aimed at consolidating the democratisation process and good governance by supporting the Presidential elections and structural reforms of the electoral process.
Another major EU initiative promoted the EU-Comoros Fisheries Partnership Agreement providing €600,000 in support over 3 years.