Botswana is one of Africa’s success stories. A stable democracy, the country has evolved since its independence in 1966 from being one of the poorest countries in the world to its current status of upper middle income country.
Its economy is mostly based on diamond extraction and exports, and relies on sound macroeconomic policies. However, the country still faces development challenges, such as significant socio-economic inequalities and some institutional weaknesses. A fall in diamond prices could have an important impact on public spending. Botswana would therefore need to diversify its economy and also, given its landlocked nature, increase regional cooperation.
In Botswana, life expectancy remains low. HIV/AIDS is still prevalent, and under-5 child mortality and maternal mortality rates are high. The country still needs to improve the effectiveness of its public spending and public service delivery.
Our main cooperation priority is to focus on the economy, to increase equitable growth, diversify the economy, increase trade and investments and reduce youth unemployment.
The National Indicative Programme (NIP) for Botswana for the period 2014-2020 under the 11th European Development Fund totals an amount of €16 million in programmable funds. The NIP focuses on support towards government's efforts to develop a labour market with relevant skills and competences and support private sector development. Women and gender equality policies also play a significant role in the implementation of the programme.
Support Programme for Technical and Vocational Education and Training reforms in Botswana (2019-2022) - This Programme supports developing and aligning the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system in Botswana. It seeks to address the mismatch between the qualifications produced by the education system and the requirements of the labour market, an inhibiting factor in Botswana for private sector development and job creation.
Support Programme to the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) Implementation in Botswana (2020-2024) - This programme puts in place the accompanying measures to enhance the capacity of Botswana’s public and private sectors to fully reap the benefits of the EPA between the EU and the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC).
Botswana-EU Support to Job Creation and the Investment Climate (2020-2026) - This programme will support the Government in the implementation of the 'Doing Business Reforms Roadmap' and 'Action Plan', through dialogue with stakeholders, analysis of the legislative/regulatory framework, simplification of licensing/permits system and development of e-government services. It will also support ecotourism development, with a focus on community-based, economically-viable and effectively managed ecotourism enterprises, conservation and heritage areas, strengthening the capacity of existing and prospective ecotourism operators, addressing legislative constraints and overregulation in the tourism sector.
Botswana-EU Technical Cooperation Facility (2019-2022) - This programme aims to support Government's endeavours to advance on policies formulation and implementation, and to strengthen capacity and competency of actors to design and manage reforms, operationalise public policy priorities and solve implementation bottlenecks across the Government.
Botswana-EU Policy Dialogue Facility (2019-2022) - The Facility is designed to encourage and respond to requests from Botswana stakeholders for policy dialogues and technical assistance to reinforce the relationships in areas of common concern that are considered priorities by the Government of Botswana. The Programme works predominantly through peer-to-peer sectorial networks and exchange of specific technical expertise, based on a demand-driven approach emanating from the Botswana partners.
Botswana benefits from regional funding programmes notably in sectors like regional trade and economic integration, peace and security, regional stability, natural resources management, migration and industrialisation under the EU regional indicative programme for Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, and the Indian Ocean (2014-2020)
The country also benefits from intra-ACP cooperation programmes and projects, notably in education, science and technology, academic mobility, non-State actors reinforcement, environment, HIV/AIDS and sexual/reproductive health and rights, and electoral violence prevention.