The 2nd Sustainable Development Goal (SDG2) aims at ending hunger in the world by 2030 and ensuring everyone has access to safe, nutritious, and sufficient food all year round, notably by promoting sustainable agriculture.
The world is not on track to reach the global targets on food security, nutrition, and sustainable agriculture by 2030. According to the UN, more than 800 million people suffer from hunger worldwide and most of them live in developing countries. Moreover, 151 million children under the age of 5 suffer from stunting (low height for their age), 51 million suffer from wasting (low weight for their height), and 38 million are overweight. If we want to feed them and improve their nutritional status, as well as the additional 2 billion people expected to be on the planet by 2050, we need to collectively change the global food and agriculture system.
The EU is firmly committed to achieving SDG2 and has been working with partners to collectively step up support to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture. This is reaffirmed in the European Consensus on Development. Agricultural and rural development are key to reducing poverty, boosting food and nutrition security, stimulating economic growth, and protecting the environment, all within the context of climate change. They can also play a major role in promoting gender equality and empowering women and girls.
Our approach to reach SDG2 focuses on 4 priorities:
- We act to enhance the resilience of the most vulnerable to food crises.
- We fight malnutrition and help secure nutritional health and well-being for present and future generations.
- We support increasing responsible investments in agriculture and food systems.
- We promote innovation for sustainable agriculture and food systems.
Fostering better nutrition
Poor nutrition affects the most vulnerable, particularly children and women, the poorest and the least educated; these are the people who stand to gain the most from improved nutrition.
Investing in sustainable agriculture and food systems
Three quarters of the world's poor live in rural areas and are largely dependent on farming. Moreover, in developing countries, the livelihood of most people derives from agriculture, especially small-scale...
Resilience to food crises
The EU is the biggest development actor in food and nutrition security, providing substantial financial and political support.