International Partnerships

The Great Green Wall (GGW)

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Africa’s Sahel region is disproportionality facing the consequences of climate change. As a result local communities are facing more persistent droughts, a lack of food, increased conflict over dwindling natural resources, and mass migration.

In response to these challenges the Great Green Wall (GGW) initiative aims to restore degraded land across the Sahel Region. Spanning 20 African countries and backed by a broad set of international partners, including the European Union, the Initiative supports a number of sustainable land management projects. Together, these projects form an 8000 km “wall”, across the width of Africa. This provides a compelling solution to tackle the threat of desertification and the degradation of natural ecosystems, while providing alternative livelihood opportunities for local communities. The GGW initiative supports an integrated approach to sustainable land management, combining agricultural and rural development, food security, biodiversity conservation and sustainable use, and climate change mitigation and adaptation. This approach promotes long-term sustainable growth in the region.

Key Information
Total Budget
€700 million
EU contribution
€80 million
Geographical coverage
20 African countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Algeria, Benin, Cape Verde, Egypt, Gambia, Libya, Somalia, and Tunisia
Implementing organisations
African Union, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Global Environment Facility (GEF), Republique Francaise, International Union for conservation of Nature (IUCN-PACO), World Bank
Permanent Inter-state Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS), European Union, Kew Royal Botanical Gardens, Sahara and Sahel Observatory, United Nations


By 2030, the GGW initiative aims to restore 100 million hectares of currently degraded land, sequester 250 million tons of carbon and create 10 million jobs in rural areas. Cumulatively these actions support 15 out of the 17 Sustainable development goals, reducing poverty and hunger, building local resilience to climate change, improving health and well-being, creating jobs and boosting economic growth.

The Great Green Wall aims to:

  • Create Green jobs and giving real incomes to families across the Sahel
  • Support gender equity by empowering women with new opportunities
  • Improving food security and health for millions in the region
  • Improving water security and growing sustainable energy for local communities
  • Creating better economic opportunities to boost small businesses and commercial enterprise
  • Giving people more reasons to stay to break the cycle of migration
  • Grow sustainable consumption patterns to protect the natural capital of the Sahel
  • Grow resilience to climate change and promote peace
  • Creating strategic partnerships to accelerate rural development across Africa
The Great Green Wall


Since start of the initiative in 2007, around 15% of the intended land has already been restored, bringing improved food security, jobs and stability to people’s lives.

  • In Senegal 12 million drought resistant trees have been planted in less than a decade
  • In Ethiopia 15 million hectares of degraded land has been restored
  • 3 million hectares of land have been rehabilitated through local practices in Burkina Faso
  • In Nigeria 5 million hectares of degraded land has been restored
  • 5 million hectares of land have been restored, delivering an addition 500,000 tons of grain per year (enough to feed 2.5 million people), in Niger