Public procurement – the buying of works, goods or services by public bodies – accounts for over
14 % of EU GDP.
It is regulated by law to make sure the public sector gets the best value for money and that
3 key principles are observed:
qualitative policy judgment on what constitutes good practice
recent data for individual countries.
 Single bidder
 No calls for bids
 Publication rate
 Cooperative procurement
 Award criteria
 Decision speed
≤ 120 days
> 120 days
 SME contractors
 SME bids
 Procedures divided into lots
 Missing calls for bids
 Missing seller registration numbers
 Missing buyer registration numbers
Overall performance is a sum of scores for all 12 individual indicators (by default, a satisfactory performance
in an individual indicator increases the overall score by 1 point while an unsatisfactory performance reduces it by 1 point):
The 3 most important indicators are triple-weighted (Single bidder, No calls for bids and Publication rate). This is because they are linked
with competition, transparency and market access – the core principles of good public procurement.
Indicators 7 – 12 receive a one-third weighting. This is because they measure the same concepts from different perspectives:
participation by small firms (indicators 7 – 9) and data quality (indicators 10 – 12).
above 3 ,
between 3 and -3 ,
'Performance' measures whether purchasers get good value for money. The indicators below measure key influences on
public procurement performance in a way that is transparent and easy to understand and compare.
Like all indicators, however, they simplify reality. They are affected by country-specific factors such as what is actually being
bought, the structure of the economies concerned, and the relationships between different tendering options, none of which are
taken into account.
Also, some aspects of public procurement have been omitted entirely or covered only indirectly, e.g. corruption, the administrative
burden and professionalism. So, although the Scoreboard provides useful information, it gives only a partial view of EU
countries’ public procurement performance.
The 2014 general, utility and concession directives have been transposed into law in
28 EU countries. They simplify procedures, increase value for money and
improve access to tenders for SMEs.
The negotiations with China, North Macedonia, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan
to join the WTO’s revised Government Procurement Agreement (GPA) have continued. The Parties
agreed on Australia’s accession to the GPA and Australia is currently in the process of ratification.
Progress was made in the free trade negotiations with Mercosur, while an agreement was reached
with Mexico on the revised Free Trade Agreement. An ambitious Free Trade Agreement was concluded
with Japan, which entered into force in February 2019.
Public procurement strategy
The prior assessment mechanism for large infrastructure projects, recently set up, has been used by
contracting authorities in several member states for assistance regarding projects in different areas:
infrastructure, waste management, transport.
The increasing implementation of digital procurement results in faster access to procurement opportunities,
more information available and higher traceability. Moreover, emerging technologies can introduce deep
changes in the procurement life cycle with significant benefits to buyers and suppliers. The e-invoicing
Directive enables easier payments in the EU, both at national and cross border level.
Support the implementation of the new directives
Most EU countries had fully transited to electronic bid submission by October 2018. Ensure the directives are implemented
with real results for the public in mind.
Increase transparency, efficiency and accountability in procurement
By means of better use of data, setting up a voluntary prior assessment mechanism for large-scale
infrastructure projects and supporting national review bodies (for details, see the
single market strategy).
Better access to non-EU procurement markets, by:
negotiating international agreements and encouraging the reduction of red tape with key partners
(e.g. China within the WTO GPA and through regulatory dialogue; Australia, New Zealand, Mercosur,
Chile and Indonesia through FTA negotiations);
promoting regulatory convergence, in particular with Brazil, India, Ukraine, and Georgia;
ensuring consistency between our internal and external rules for public procurement
(e.g. International Procurement Instrument proposal, GPA and FTA commitments).