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The United Kingdom withdrew from the EU on 31 January, 2020. The 2020 edition of the Single Market Scoreboard refers to time periods preceding the withdrawal of the UK, and the UK is therefore listed as a Member State.

Here you can find the country-specific factsheet for Latvia.

Transposition

Transposition deficit: 0.3 % (last report: 0.8 %) – marked decrease by 0.5 percentage point (the highest decrease within a year).
EU average = 0.6 %; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5 %

Latvia is among the Member States with the best score, now half of the EU average deficit. In addition, it transposed 22 of the 23 Single Market-related directives (96 %) due to have been transposed in the 6 months prior to the cut-off date for calculation (1 June – 30 November 2019). This shows that Latvia made good progress in monitoring the timely transposition of directives.

Overdue directives: 3 (last report: 8) and none more than 2 years overdue.

Average delay: 7.4 months (last report: 7.3 months) – stable result, below the EU average delay.
EU average = 11.5 months

Latvia has no long overdue directive (due for 2 years or more) and all of its backlog has been due for less than 1 year.

Conformity deficit: 0.8 % (last report: 0.6 %)
EU average = 1.2 %; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0. 5%

Due to limited use of the EU Pilot tool, the number of directives presumed to have been incorrectly transposed has increased in the vast majority of Member States. This is the case for Latvia, although to a moderate extent (by 0.2 percentage point). With 8 such directives, Latvia is well below the EU average deficit.

Evolution of transposition deficit – Latvia

Evolution of conformity deficit – Latvia

Infringements

Pending cases: 17 (8 new cases and 4 cases closed; last report: 13 pending cases) – new marked increase (of 4 cases) (+142 % since December 2017).
EU average = 29 cases

Due to limited use of the EU Pilot tool, the vast majority of Member States have seen an increase in the number of infringement proceedings against them. This is the case for Latvia, which has not had this many Single Market-related cases since November 2010. Nevertheless, Latvia remains among the Member States with the lowest number of infringement cases.

Problematic sectors: environment (4 cases) = 24 % of all pending cases.

Average case duration: 25.7 months for the 17 Single Market related cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 26.1 months) – new slight decrease (of 0.4 months).
EU average = 34.8 months

Latvia has only 2 cases that have been running for more than 3 years, although 1 case on air quality is almost 10 years old.

Compliance with court rulings: 8.5 months for the only case at this stage of the procedure and closed in the last 5 years (last report: same).
EU average = 29.5 months

No change since the previous period. With a single case on regulated professions that needed 8.5 months for compliance, Latvia is under both the 18-month threshold for compliance with Court rulings and the EU average. It has now the shortest compliance delay among the 25 Member States that complied with Court’s judgments within the last 5 years.

Evolution of infringement cases – Latvia

EU Pilot

Latvia’s average response time complies with the 70-day time limit in EU Pilot.

Internal Market Information System

Performance – Latvia performed moderately well.

Internal Market Information System – Latvia

EURES

National provider: NVA (State Employment Agency)

Compliance: Not compliant

Performance: data on JVs and CVs should be transferred to the EURES portal.

Your Europe

The EU has set up a single digital gateway providing access to information, to procedures and to assistance and problem-solving services.

The specific regulation setting up the single digital pathway is Regulation 2018/1724 of 2 October 2018. Article 29 of the Regulation establishes establishes a group to coordinate work on the gateway. The gateway coordination group will meet in different configurations, with one devoted to information that meets twice a year. The other two configurations are dedicated to ICT and e-procedures and assistance services.

The information group continues the work of the former Your Europe Editorial Board. This is to ensure that the gateway coordination group’s work does not overlap with that of other expert groups or sub-groups.

National equivalent?

National portal in Latvian, English and Russian: latvija.lv

Record for this period

  • active participation in the single digital gateway information group
  • responsive to most of the requests for information to be published on the website
  • back-linking from national websites to Your Europe; no promotional activities reported

Recommended action

Continue to:

  • ensure stable representation in the single digital gateway information group
  • attend the single digital gateway information group meetings twice a year
  • provide information on how the country applies single market rules, in line with the requirements of the single digital gateway Regulation
  • link national websites to Your Europe

Make an effort to:

  • raise awareness about Your Europe within the national administration and potential end users
  • SOLVIT

    Technical Regulations Information System

    Notifications per sector

    Points of Single Contact

    Public procurement

    Overall, Latvia’s performance in 2019 was satisfactory. For further information and the methodology applied, please see the section on Public procurement performance.

    Postal services

    For easier analysis EU countries are divided into 3 groups:

    • western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden, the UK
    • southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
    • eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.

    Some countries’ reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from those in the last Scoreboard. This is because these countries updated their data after publication.

    Trade in goods and services

    Latvia’s trade integration for goods is well above the EU average, while trade integration for services is only slightly above EU average. In 2018, trade integration for both goods and services experienced a slight increase.

       Goods Services
    Intra-EU trade integration % GDP 2018 35.5 9.3
    Change 2017 – 2018 0.2 0.5
    Intra-EU imports % GDP 2018 39.6 6.7
    Change 2017 – 2018 -1.6 1.4

    Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

    In 2018, Latvia’s intra-EU FDI flows decreased in both their inward and outward dimensions. Intra-EU FDI stocks, instead, largely stagnated.

      Intra-EU FDI flows Intra-EU FDI stocks
      inward outward inward outward
    Year-on-year percentage change 2017 – 18
    -0.52 -0.29 0.02 0.07

    For what concerns the extra-EU dimension, Latvia’s extra-EU FDI flows increased significantly in both their inward and outward components, while Latvia’s extra-EU FDI stocks increased only slightly.

      Extra-EU FDI flows Extra-EU FDI stocks
      inward outward inward outward
    Year-on-year percentage change 2017 – 18
    1.95 1.79 0.1 0.13