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The United Kingdom withdrew from the EU on 31 January, 2020. The 2020 edition of the Single Market Scoreboard refers to time periods preceding the withdrawal of the UK, and the UK is therefore listed as a Member State.
Reporting period:
01/2018 – 12/2018

EURES consists of:

Find out more about EURES.

EURES and the Single Market – why does it matter?

EURES helps people benefit from one of the EU’s core principles – free movement for workers. Jobseekers can use it to find work in other European countries and employers can likewise recruit from across the EU.

Key messages

  • The EURES network published almost 9.8 million job vacancies and helped 84 500 people find work.
  • Performance measurement – 23 out of 32 countries have provided complete (or almost complete) data for the indicators required by Decision (EU) 2018/170.
  • The number of people finding work increased considerably compared to 2017.

Overall performance

Overall performance
(all 5 indicators combined)

Map legend

Overall performance is calculated on the basis of the points on the five indicators.

Countries can “earn”:

  • 100 points for an indicator marked “ green 
  • 75 points for an indicator marked “ yellow 
  • 50 points for one marked “ red ”.

The colours on the map represent the sum of these scores:

  •  green : 400 or higher,
  •  yellow : 301 to 399,
  •  red : 300 or less.

Performance indicators

[1] Compliance with the EURES Performance Measurement System ≥ 7 4 – 6 ≤ 3
[2] IT compliance for the EURES Portal 2 1 0
[3] Labour market share >50 49 – 21 ≤ 20
[4] User satisfaction with EURES services ≥ 7 4 – 6 ≤ 3
[5] Job placements vs labour mobility > 4 % 2 – 4 % < 2 %

In 2018, in line with the Regulation (EU) 2016/589, Decision (EU) 2018/170 on uniform detailed specifications for data collection and analysis to monitor and evaluate the functioning of the EURES network was adopted. The EURES Performance Measurement System (PMS) was established. The data source of the performance indicators are taken from the PMS, encompassing the contribution from the Member States and also the European Coordination Office.

Indicator [1]: Compliance with the EURES Performance Measurement System

The chart shows how well each country has complied with the requirements of the EURES Performance Measurement System (articles 30 and 32 of the EURES Regulation).

Source: PMS data collection 2018

All EURES countries are required to report on the overall functioning and performance of EURES.

This reporting is based on 5 core indicators and 6 network indicators set out in Decision (EU) 2018/170. For each indicator, there is mandatory and optional data to be provided.

The scores in the chart above are based on the mandatory data provided for each of the 11 indicators:

The maximum possible for a country is 11 points.

Thresholds: When a country reaches 7 points (and above), it earns 100 points in the overall performance chart. When it reaches a value higher or equal to 4 or lower or equal to 6, it earns 75 points. Values equal or lower than 3 make a country earn 50 points.

Main finding
  • In 2018, 23 out of 32 countries provided complete or almost complete data for the indicators.

Indicator [2]: IT compliance for the EURES Portal

The chart shows the extent to which the National Coordination Offices transfer job applications/CVs and job vacancies to the EURES website via the required channel.

Source: PMS data collection 2018

The National Coordination Offices are now required to transfer this data through a single coordinated channel (see Article 17(1) to (7) of the EURES Regulation).

The score in this chart is based on whether just vacancies or just CVs are transferred through the single channel, or both vacancies and CVs:

Thresholds: When a country reaches 2 points, it earns 100 points in the overall performance chart. When it reaches a value equal to 1, it earns 75 points. Values equal to 0 make a country earn 50 points.

Main findings
  • Only 3 countries submitted both vacancies and CVs
  • Most countries submitted at least vacancies

Indicator [3]: Labour market share

The chart shows job vacancies on the EURES website as a proportion of all job vacancies in the participating countries (whether or not they are made available by EURES member organisations). The chart gives an indication of how much of the labour market is covered by EURES and the degree to which EURES provides transparency on the labour market (see Article 9(2)(c) of Regulation (EU) 2016/589).

Note: When a country has a value of 0 % of labour market share (e.g. Denmark), it could be because Eurostat did not report any job vacancy rate for 2018. When a country reports more than 100 % of labour market share, it means that: 1) either the number job vacancies collected through EURES (numerator) are higher than the ones reported on Eurostat (denominator), or 2) the number of job vacancies available on Eurostat equals 0.
Source: PMS data collection 2018 and Eurostat

Thresholds: When a country reaches 50 % or above, it earns 100 points in the overall performance chart. When it reaches a value equal or included between 21 % and 49 %, it earns 75 points. Values equals or below 20 % make a country earn 50 points.

Main finding
  • In 12 countries, the EURES website covers over 50 % of vacancies on the national labour market: Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Spain, Croatia, Lithuania, Austria, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland and Sweden.

Indicator [4]: User satisfaction with EURES services

The chart shows how satisfied jobseekers and employers are with the services offered by EURES advisers (information and guidance, recruitment, job search, etc.)

Each participating country is required to collect and share user satisfaction data with the EURES network, including that obtained through surveys.

In 2018, 15 countries carried out a survey (Denmark, Germany, Greece, Spain, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, United Kingdom, and Iceland). On average, the response rate was 33 %.

Note: Data only available for Denmark, Germany, Greece, Spain, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, the UK and Iceland.
Source: PMS data collection 2018

Thresholds: When a country reaches a value equal or higher than 7, it earns 100 points in the overall performance chart. When it reaches a value equal or included between 4 and 6, it earns 75 points. Values equal and lower than 3 make a country earn 50 points.

Main finding
  • User satisfaction was high, with 14 countries reporting an overall rate of at least 8 out of 10.

Indicator [5]: Job placements vs. labour mobility

For each country, the chart shows the ratio between the number of people who have found a job through EURES either locally or in another EU country and the country’s net intra-EU labour mobility rate (the sum of inflows and outflows of workers moving from/into the country).

Note: No values displayed for Bulgaria, Croatia, and Slovakia because the ratio of EURES job-finders to the net mobility rate reflected values higher than 100 % (due to comparatively higher values of job finders). Ratios of 0 % (e.g. Denmark, Greece) are due to missing values of incoming job-finders, or values equal to 0.
Sources: European Commission (2018), 2019 Annual Report on intra-EU Labour Mobility, and PMS data collection 2018.

Thresholds: When a country reaches a value higher than 4 %, it earns 100 points in the overall performance chart. When it reaches a value equal to or included between 4 % and 2 %, it earns 75 points. Values equal and lower than 2 % make a country earn 50 points.

Main finding
  • A total of 9 countries (Bulgaria, Czechia, Croatia, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovenia, Slovakia, and Sweden) went beyond the level of 4 %. This denotes a much more positive ratio of jobs found to net mobility than the other countries.

Priorities

  • Full implementation of the mechanisms introduced in Regulation (EU) 2016/589. All countries need to finalise the admission systems for new member organisations and comply with the IT requirements for the uniform exchange system for job vacancies and applications/CVs.
  • The Commission will actively facilitate cooperation between countries and encourage full compliance in accordance with the deadlines set by the Regulation. This should enable the EURES network to better support to labour mobility in the EU.
  • Transferring the European Coordination Office from the European Commission to the European Labour Authority.
  • The EURES portal will be revamped as regards both design and operation, which will bring significant improvements for users.

Facts and figures

EURES portal

Job seekers registered on the EURES portal, by home country

The number of job seekers registered on the EURES portal varies per country. This depends on factors such as whether effective recruitment channels are available in the different countries and whether workers are interested in working in other countries.

Note: Number of jobseekers are only available for Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Hungary, Poland, Portugal, Romania, the Netherlands, Finland, the UK.
Source: ECO data 2018

Main findings
  • In 2018, a total of 293 169 jobseekers registered with EURES portal using the self-service function.
  • As in previous years, the highest numbers indicated their country of residence as Italy, Spain and France.

Employers registered on the EURES portal, by home country

Source: ECO data 2018

Main findings
  • In 2018, the total number of employers who registered on EURES portal through the self-service function was 13 231.
  • Numbers are rising steadily every year (3000 in 2014, 5600 in 2015, 6800 in 2016 and 10 700 in 2017) – indicating that EURES services remain attractive among employers.
  • As in the previous reporting period, most employers registered are from Germany, the UK, the Netherlands, Spain and Norway.

Visits to EURES portal, by country

The breakdown per country may depend on the technical configuration of IT networks.
Figures are in relation to the number of jobseekers in the different countries.

Source: ECO data 2018

Main findings
  • The highest numbers of visits were from Spain, Italy and especially Germany.
  • Overall, visits were down slightly (1 % point) on 2017.
  • Biggest falls in Italy (66 339 fewer) and Spain (630 789 fewer)
  • Visits from Germany and Portugal had increased since 2017.

Number of individual visitors to EURES website each month

Source: ECO data 2017 and 2018

Main findings
  • Total unique visitors in 2018 – 6.8 million (+25 % compared to 2017)
  • Monthly average – 567 308
  • Busiest months – July (747 713) and January (740 564)

Human network

Number of EURES advisers per country

Source: PMS data collection 2018

Main findings
  • Total full-time equivalent advisers (across all countries):
    • First half of 2018: 1217
    • Second half of 2018: 1245
  • This is an increase over 2017 (approximately 918 FTE advisers for the year as a whole).

Number of contacts with jobseekers and employers, per EURES adviser

Jobseekers

Source: PMS data collection 2018

Main findings
  • In 2018, 2.3 million individual contacts with workers were reported by the National Coordination Offices.
  • 51 % of all contacts were with workers from other countries, and 49 % with workers from the same (local) country.

Employers

Source: PMS data collection 2018

Main findings
  • 194 186 individual contacts with employers were reported by the National Coordination Offices.
  • 76 % of all contacts were with employers from the same country, and 24 % with employers from other EURES countries.

Number of EURES advisers taking training at European level

The Commission runs a joint training programme for all EURES advisers and supports the development of mutual learning activities at EU level. The training programme has been overhauled to respond to the requirements of the EURES Regulation:

  • The training scheme has been revised to ensure more flexibility, more capacity and more specific content.
  • The initial training format has been replaced by a new, flexible and modular format called the “consolidation phase”. This gives all EURES advisers willing to access the programme a basic, common set of skills for their work in the EURES network.

The training courses vary and can be taught either in classroom sessions (which include traditional classroom training as well as workshops and laboratories) or remotely (through eLearning courses, live online training sessions and webinars).

To support more consistent training pathways and help consolidate skills in strategic areas, the programme offers EURES advisers the chance to follow courses under 4 strands (“competence pathways”):

  • matching processes
  • recruitment services (towards employers)
  • job placement services (towards jobseekers)
  • communication

To finalise a pathway, the advisers must complete a set of courses and a related project.

Main finding
  • In 2018, 1772 people were trained (an increase from the 1600 people trained in 2017).

Participation by type of training

The chart show the particpation according to the type of training. Training is delivered in 4 different forms:

  • classroom (traditional classroom training as well as workshops and laboratories)
  • virtual (remote) – eLearning, live on-line training sessions and webinars
  • on-the-spot training (on-the-job, hands-on, practical)
  • other types

Source: ECO data 2018

Main finding
  • Even though more virtual trainings were attended than classroom trainings, the latter option is the most preferred and requested form by the NCOs because it offers an opportunity to network. In 2018, the number of requests for classroom training exceeded the number of available places.

Achievements

  • Regulation (EU) 2016/589 entered into force, along with the implementing acts in 2017 and 2018 on:
    1. admission procedures for new EURES member organisations;
    2. standards governing data exchange with the common IT platform;
    3. the programming cycle;
    4. data collection and analysis of activities to monitor and evaluate EURES
    have been adopted and published.
  • The EURES performance measurement system providing new ways of collecting and analysing data on EURES activities should generate more reliable data on EURES as from 2018. The system captures and analyses more systematically all the different outputs and outcomes of EURES activity. This will help improve the quality of the EURES section of the Single Market Scoreboard.
  • For the first time, all countries have drafted work programmes for 2018. They are also reviewing their respective country fiches.
  • Thousands of jobseekers and employers across Europe benefit from the placement and matching services through the EURES network every day.
  • Trained EURES advisers offer support services and guidance on working conditions in other European countries in order to facilitate jobseekers and employers choices.
  • EURES activities overseen by the National Coordination Offices (NCOs) include targeted mobility schemes (TMS), with the aim to address specific labour surpluses and shortages.
  • EURES also assists frontier workers and employers under the umbrella of cross-border partnerships and other activities in cross-border regions.