A healthier and more sustainable EU food system is a cornerstone of the European Green Deal


  • food icon
    Make sure Europeans have access to healthy, affordable and sustainable food
  • climate change icon
    Tackle climate change
  • trees icon
    Protect the environment
    and preserve biodiversity
  • farmer icon
    Ensure a fair economic return
    in the supply chain
  • farm icon
    Increase organic farming
       frans timmermans photo
The coronavirus crisis has shown how vulnerable we all are, and how important it is to restore the balance between human activity and nature. At the heart of the Green Deal the Biodiversity and Farm to Fork strategies point to a new and better balance of nature, food systems and biodiversity; to protect our people’s health and well-being, and at the same time to increase the EU’s competitiveness and resilience. These strategies are a crucial part of the great transition we are embarking upon.

Frans Timmermans, Executive Vice-President of the European Commission



2030 targets

pesticides icon

Pesticides in agriculture contributes to pollution of soil, water and air.
The Commission will take action to reduce the use and risk of chemical and more hazardous pesticides by 50%

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The excess of nutrients in the environment is a major source of air, soil and water pollution,
negatively impacting biodiversity and climate. The Commission will act to

  • reduce nutrient losses by at least 50%, while ensuring no deterioration on soil fertility
  • reduce fertilizer use by at least 20%
chemicals icon Antimicrobial resistance linked to the use of antimicrobials in animal and human health leads to
an estimated 33,000 human deaths in the EU each year. The Commission will reduce the
sale of antimicrobials for farmed animals and in aquaculture by 50%.
farm icon

Organic farming is an environmentally-friendly practice that needs to be further developed.
The Commission will help the EU’s organic farming sector to grow, with the goal of 25 % of total farmland being used for organic farming by 2030.


Next steps

vegetable basket

Create a food environment that makes the healthy and sustainable choice the easy choice

Over 950,000 deaths (one out of five) were attributable to unhealthy diets in the EU in 2017. A healthy, plant-based diet reduces the risk of life-threatening diseases and the environmental impact of our food system.


Add food labels that allow consumers to choose healthy and sustainable diets

The Commission will propose mandatory, front-of-pack nutritional information and develop a sustainable food-labelling framework that also covers the environmental and social aspects of food products.

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Stepping up the fight against food waste

The Commission aims to cut food waste by half by proposing legally binding targets across the EU by 2023.


Research and innovation

€10 billion under Horizon Europe to be invested in R&I related to food, bioeconomy,
natural resources, agriculture, fisheries, aquaculture and the environment. Knowledge transfer
will be essential. The CAP’s farm advisory services and farm sustainability data network will be
instrumental in assisting farmers in the transition.


Promoting the global transition

Making European food famous for its sustainability can give us a competitive advantage and open new business opportunities for European farmers. The EU will collaborate with third countries and international actors to support a global move towards sustainable food systems. A sustainable food labelling framework will facilitate consumer choice