Data governance


A single market for data

The EU will create a single market for data where

  • data can flow within the EU and across sectors, for the benefit of all
  • European rules, in particular privacy and data protection, as well as competition law, are fully respected
  • the rules for access and use of data are fair, practical and clear

The EU will become an attractive, secure and dynamic data economy by

  • setting clear and fair rules on access and re-use of data
  • investing in next generation tools and infrastructures to store and process data
  • joining forces in European cloud capacity
  • pooling European data in key sectors, with common and interoperable data spaces
  • giving users rights, tools and skills to stay in full control of their data

Examples of industrial and commercial data use

  • jet engines filled with thousands of sensors collect and transmit data back to ensure efficient operation
  • wind farms use industrial data to reduce visual impact and optimise wind power
  • real-time traffic avoidance navigation can save up to 730 million hours. This represents up to €20 billion in labour costs
  • real-time notification of delayed trains can save 27 million working hours. This amounts to €740 million in labour costs

Better allocation of resources to fight malaria could save up to €5 billion in healthcare costs globally.


Projected figures 2025

  • increase of global data volume icon
    530%increase of global data volume
    From 33 zettabytes in 2018 to 175 zettabytes
  • value of data economy in the EU27 icon
    €829 billionvalue of data economy in the EU27
    From €301 billion (2.4% of EU GDP) in 2018
  • data professionals in the EU27 icon
    10.9 million data professionals in the EU27
    From 5.7 million in 2018
  • Basic digital skills icon
    65% Percentage of EU population with basic digital skills
    From 57% in 2018


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