Definition of Antisemitism

Modern Antisemitism appears in many different forms and is not always easy to unmask.

In May 2016, the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA)  adopted a legally non-binding working definition of Antisemitism. 

On 1 June 2017, the European Parliament adopted its first ever resolution on combating Antisemitism, including the IHRA working definition on Antisemitism.

Coordinator on combating Antisemitism

The European Commission appointed Katharina von Schnurbein to be the first coordinator on combating Antisemitism on 1 December 2015.

International Holocaust Remembrance Day

The Holocaust is a defining legacy of European history. Remembrance of the Shoah is an important instrument also in the prevention of Antisemitism today.

On 27 January every year, the European Commission commemorates International Holocaust Remembrance Day with training for EU staff, exhibitions and dedicated events to raise awareness.

Monitoring Antisemitism

The EU’s Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) collects and analyses Eu countries' data on antisemitic hate crime. An annual FRA report on antisemitic hate crimes compiles data submitted by international, governmental and non-governmental sources.

In 2013, the FRA conducted a large-scale survey on experiences and perceptions of Antisemitism among European Jews.

Education intiatives

Under the Europe for Citizens programme, the European Commission supports initiatives that raise awareness of remembrance, common history and values of the European Union and to commemorate the victims.

Erasmus+ is supporting transnational projects promoting social inclusion, our shared values and intercultural understanding and grassroots initiatives, including education targeting specific groups and their biases.

In June 2016, the European Commission adopted an action plan to improve the integration of newcomers in European societies. Integration is a two-way process that includes expectations that newcomers will embrace EU values, including no tolerance of antisemitism.

Commission - tackling radicalisation through education and youth action

Commission - Action Plan on the Integration of Third-country Nationals

European legislation combating Antisemitism

Holocaust denial and antisemitic hate speech inciting to violence and hatred is outlawed in Europe.

The aim of the framework decision on combating racism and xenophobia (2008) is to fight against hate speech and crime, by means of criminal law. The European Commission is committed to monitoring closely its implementation at national level. EU countries were obliged to transpose the framework decision into their national laws by 28 November 2010.

EU-Israel seminar on combating racism, xenophobia and Antisemitism

Since 2005, politicians, diplomats, experts and civil society actors have met for an annual EU-Israel seminar on combating racism, xenophobia and Antisemitism to exchange best practices and improve cooperation to combat Antisemitism.

The 11th seminar was held on 25 June 2017 in Jerusalem.