How is the programme designed to deliver results?


The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has changed the economic outlook for years to come in the EU and in the world. The effects of the crisis in the medium and long term will depend on the resilience of Member States’ economies. There is a need to plan strategically the recovery, revitalise our economies and get back on a path of sustainable and inclusive growth, geared towards the green transition and digital transformation objectives.

Smart, sustainable and socially responsible reforms can help to strengthen the resilience of our economies and societies. They contribute to keeping our economies flexible and competitive, and help improve the quality of public services. Moreover, given that the economies of Member States are strongly intertwined, the successful implementation of well-designed reforms in each Member State benefits the EU as a whole.

However, the process of designing, developing and implementing reforms is complex and Member States have different levels of in-house expertise and capacity to tackle it. Strengthening Member States’ institutional and administrative capacity to design and implement reforms is essential.

In line with the subsidiarity and proportionality principles, the EU's intervention can bring added value by offering strengthened technical support for the design and implementation of the resilience-enhancing reforms. This support helps to increase the capacity of Member States to carry out their national reforms, in line with overall EU objectives.


The Technical Support Instrument is the main EU funding programme providing technical support to EU Member States in their reform agendas.

The general objective of the Technical Support Instrument is to promote the Union’s economic, social and territorial cohesion by supporting Member States’ efforts to implement the necessary reforms to achieve economic and social recovery, resilience and upward economic and social convergence.

These reforms may be either identified in the European Semester process of economic policy coordination, or by the Member States’ own initiative. They could be in a broad range of policy domains, including public financial and asset management, institutional and administrative reform, business environment, the financial sector, markets for products, services and labour, education and training, sustainable development, public health and social welfare. Specific emphasis will be given to the actions that foster the green and digital transitions.

The instrument will also provide technical support to Member States for the preparation and implementation of their recovery and resilience plans in the framework of the new Recovery and Resilience Facility.


The Technical Support Instrument has the specific objectives of assisting national authorities in improving their capacity to:

  1. Design, develop and implement reforms;
  2. Prepare, amend, implement and revise recovery and resilience plans pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2021/241.

Those specific objectives shall be pursued in close cooperation with the Member States concerned, including through exchange of good practices, processes and methodologies, stakeholder involvement where appropriate, and a more effective and efficient human resources management.


  • EUR 849.5 millionTotal financial programming 2021-2027
2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
114.4 116.7 119.0 121.4 123.8 126.3 128.1

In EUR million.


The type of actions eligible for financing under the Technical Support Instrument include, among others:

  • Expertise related to policy advice and/or change, formulation of strategies and reform roadmaps, as well as to legislative, institutional, structural and administrative reforms;
  • The short-term or long-term provision of experts, to perform tasks in specific domains or to carry out operational activities
  • Capacity building and related supporting actions at all governance levels, also contributing to the empowerment of civil society. 

Delivery mode

The Technical Support Instrument is mainly implemented under direct management, in particular through grants and procurements, but also through internal expertise. In some cases, it is implemented through indirect management, entrusting tasks to international organisations or other bodies in accordance with the Financial Regulation.

Performance framework: more information

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Where are we in the implementation?

You will find information on the programme implementation in this webpage.

It will be updated when the programme will have started on an annual basis alongside the publication of the draft budget and the discharge.

Next publication (estimation): June 2022.

Predecessor programmes 2014-2020

The Technical Support Instrument is the successor of the Structural Reform Support Programme, with a larger budget and broader scope. The Technical Support Instrument is consistent, coherent and complementary to the other Union programmes supporting capacity building and technical assistance.