How is the programme designed to deliver results?


The application of the acquis is suspended in those areas of the Republic of Cyprus in which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus does not exercise effective control.

The aid programme aims to facilitate the reunification of Cyprus through socio-economic and confidence building measures. It supports economic integration, improved living standards and the preparation of the Turkish Cypriot community to introduce and implement the EU acquis in the eventual lifting of this suspension.

Due to legal and political difficulties from dealing with the de-facto divided island, EU Member States individually can only provide very limited support to Turkish Cypriots, who are EU citizens.

Hence the importance of EU action in this area. Consistent with the special circumstances on the ground, this assistance programme is of an exceptional, transitional and temporary nature. Revision of the programme can only occur in the case a reunification is achieved during the MFF period.


The Aid Programme aims to facilitate the reunification of Cyprus by encouraging the economic development of the Turkish Cypriot community.


The programme has the following specific objectives:

  1. Developing and restructuring of infrastructure;
  2. Promoting social and economic development;
  3. Fostering reconciliation, confidence building measures, and support to civil society;
  4. Bringing the Turkish Cypriot community closer to the EU;
  5. Preparing the Turkish Cypriot community to introduce (#5) and implement (#6) the acquis, in view of the withdrawal of its suspension in accordance with Article 1 of Protocol Number 10 to the Act of Accession.


  • EUR 240.0 millionTotal financial programming 2021-2027
2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
32.0 33.3 33.6 34.3 35.0 35.7 36.2

In EUR million.


Amidst major difficulties due to the unique diplomatic, legal and political backdrop, the Aid Programme remains ready to accommodate developments in the settlement process and to finance confidence-building measures resulting from this process.

Delivery mode

The programme is implemented through direct management (procurement contracts and grants) and indirect management (contribution agreements with International Organisations and Member State Agencies). DG REFORM is the lead service for the programme implementation.

Performance framework: more information

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Where are we in the implementation?

You will find information on the programme implementation in this webpage.

It will be updated when the programme will have started on an annual basis alongside the publication of the draft budget and the discharge.

Next publication (estimation): June 2022.

Predecessor programmes 2014-2020

The programme is a continuation of its predecessor. The legal basis was not modified between the 2014-2020 period and the 2021-2027 period.

2014-2020 Support to the Turkish Cypriot community

  • EUR 235.5 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 235.5 million
Payments EUR 177.1 million

This graph includes implementation based on voted budget appropriations and carried-over appropriations.


Key monitoring indicators

  Baseline Progress Target Results Assessment
Number of enterprises having received EU support in the form of a grant  
420 1 910 enterprises supported compared to 420 enterprises initially planned On track
Cross-Green Line trade volume (in million EUR) 3.4 m
8.5 m EUR 4.7 million out of EUR 8.5 million Moderate progress
EU visibility in northern Cyprus: number of communication actions in a year  
90 429 actions achieved compared to a target of 90 On track
% of target achieved by the end of 2020



Concrete examples of achievements

  • 99 kmof sewerage networks constructed.
  • 993victims of the tragic events of 1963-1964 and 1974 were genetically identified, contributing towards reconciliation.
  • 1 600grants made available since 2007 for Turkish Cypriots to benefit from educational opportunities in EU Member States.
  • 300 000animals tested to eliminate priority diseases, which are in decline as a result.
  • 1 710communication and visibility actions since 2014 to provide information about EU policies, priorities and actions.
  • 800+businesses received assistance to combat the effects of the COVID-19 crisis.

Programme Performance Overview

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