How is the programme designed to deliver results?

Challenge

The EU faces increasing external challenges. Political fragility, instability and conflicts, terrorism, inequalities, migratory pressures have combined with long-term trends such as population growth, climate change, environmental degradation and, more recently, the COVID-19 pandemic. At the same time, those circumstances also affect EU partner countries and their economic welfare.

As a trans-national actor of significant weight and reputation, the EU can provide significant added value in coordinating action and providing leverage to finding multilateral answers to those challenges.

Mission

The objective of NDICI – Global Europe is to uphold and promote the Union’s values and interests worldwide and help the EU address the evolving international landscape and meet its international commitments, and act at global level, without boundaries and across themes, depending on the needs of the different countries and regions.

Objectives

NDICI – Global Europe’s specific objectives are:

  1. to support and foster dialogue and cooperation with third countries and regions in the Neighbourhood, in Sub-Saharan Africa, in Asia and the Pacific, and in the Americas and the Caribbean; to develop special strengthened partnerships and enhanced political cooperation with the European Neighbourhood, founded on cooperation, peace and stability and a shared commitment to the universal values of democracy, rule of law and respect for human rights, and aiming at deep and sustainable democracy and progressive socio-economic integration as well as people-to-people contacts;
  2. at global level, to protect, promote and advance democracy, and rule of law, including accountability mechanisms, and human rights including gender equality and the protection of human rights defenders, ; to support civil society organisations, to further stability and peace, and prevent conflict, thereby contributing to the protection of civilians, to address other global challenges such as climate change, protection of biodiversity and the environment, as well as migration and mobility;
  3. to respond rapidly to: situations of crisis, instability and conflict including those which may result from migratory flows and forced displacement and hybrid threats; resilience challenges, including natural and man-made disasters, and linking of humanitarian aid and development action; as well as the Union’s foreign policy needs and priorities.

NDICI – Global Europe strengthens specific priorities through horizontal spending targets:

  • At least 93% of Official Development Assistance (ODA)
  • At least 20% of ODA spending dedicated to human development and social inclusion;
  • At least 85 % of new actions should have gender equality as a principal or a significant objective. At least 5% of these actions should have gender equality and women’s and girls’ rights and empowerment as a principal objective;
  • 30% for climate change objectives while also contributing to the ambition of providing 7.5 % of annual spending to biodiversity objectives in the year 2024 and 10% of annual spending to biodiversity objectives in 2026 and 2027, while considering the existing overlaps between climate and biodiversity goals;
  • Indicatively 10% to support management and governance of migration and forced displacement, as well as to address the root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement when they directly target specific migration challenges.

Budget

  • EUR 79 359.2 millionTotal financial programming 2021-2027
2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
12 071.1 12 526.6 11 962.4 11 370.8 10 751.0 10 102.1 10 575.0

In EUR million.

Actions

In line with its specific objectives, NDICI – Global Europe operates through three pillars:

  • a geographical pillar, regrouping cooperation in regional envelops;
  • a thematic pillar, complementing the geographic pillar with global thematic programmes, such as on human rights or stability and peace;
  • and a non-programmable rapid response pillar, dealing with crises, resilience and linking humanitarian and development nexus and Union foreign policy needs and priorities.

NDICI – Global Europe has a buffer reserved for emerging challenges and priorities and may raise additional financial resources from the private sector to support financing and investment operations in all its geographical areas, with special attention to LDCs, and countries experiencing fragility and conflict.

Delivery mode

NDICI – Global Europe is delivered through direct management by the Commission (centrally and through the Union Delegations) as well as through indirect management by entities, such as the EU member States agencies or international organisations or partner countries. Financial instruments will be designed in partnership with the European Investment Bank, Member States’ financial institutions or other European and international development financial institutions. The lead services involved in implementing the instrument are DG INTPA, DG NEAR and FPI, in cooperation with the EEAS and DG TRADE and other line DGs especially on external dimensions of internal policies like climate, energy, digital and education.

Performance framework: more information

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Where are we in the implementation?

You will find information on the programme implementation in this webpage.

It will be updated when the programme will have started on an annual basis alongside the publication of the draft budget and the discharge.

Next publication (estimation): June 2022.

Predecessor programmes 2014-2020

The programme groups together a number of on- and off-balance sheet instruments from the 2014-2020 MFF, amongst them the Development Cooperation Instrument, the European Development Fund and the European Neighbourhood Instrument. Having such a comprehensive instrument will allow the EU to have a better, more comprehensive external action and better deliver on results.

European Neighbourhood Instrument

  • EUR 17 568.3 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 17 566.4 million
100%
Payments EUR 9 793.2 million
56%
 

This graph includes implementation based on voted budget appropriations and carried-over appropriations.

 

Key monitoring indicators

  Baseline Progress Target Results Assessment
Eastern Partnership – mobility partnerships in place 3
>100%
4 6 partnerships compared to target of 4 On track
Southern neighbourhood – mobility partnerships in place 1
67%
 
4 3 partnerships out of 4 Moderate progress
Eastern Partnership – ease of doing business index score 64.4
83%
 
78.0 Index score of 75.6 out of 78.0 Moderate progress
Southern neighbourhood – ease of doing business index score 57.3
74%
 
59.0 Index score of 58.6 out of 59.0 Moderate progress
Number of cross-border cooperation programmes in place  
94%
 
17 16 programmes out of 17 Moderate progress
Number of ministerial, platform and panel meetings under the Eastern Partnership 70-80
67%
 
90 85 meetings out of 90 On track
% of target achieved by the end of 2020

 

 

Concrete examples of achievements

  • 7.8 millionbeneficiaries reached by the ongoing programmes of the EU Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian crisis since its start in late 2014.
  • 88 000students and academic staff from the neighbourhood countries were able to study or teach in the EU in 2014 to 2020 thanks to the Erasmus+ programme.
  • 185 600small and medium-sized enterprises benefited from the EU4Business support in 2016 to 2020.
  • 65%of the 114 Libyan municipalities were covered by the ENI and the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa in 2020.
  • 5 000Syrian refugee students and disadvantaged youth in Jordan received higher education and vocational training in 2020.
  • 10 000citizens in Belarus benefited from improved living conditions in 2019.

Programme Performance Overview

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Development Cooperation Instrument

  • EUR 19 970.1 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 19 969.4 million
100%
Payments EUR 11 014.8 million
55%
 

This graph includes implementation based on voted budget appropriations and carried-over appropriations.

 

Key monitoring indicators

  Baseline Progress Target Results Assessment
Proportion of population below the international poverty line (1) 11.6%
25%
 
  8.7% of the population below the poverty line compared to a target of 0% On track
Number of projects to promote democracy, the rule of law, good governance and respect for human rights  
>100%
100 102 projects achieved compared to a target of 100 On track

(1) Indicator calculated on the basis of DCI-eligible countries.

% of target achieved by the end of 2020

 

 

Concrete examples of achievements

  • 19.7 millionwomen, adolescent girls and children were reached by EU interventions on improved diets and breastfeeding, household resilience, food security, health care and stunting reduction in 2013-2019.
  • 3.4 millionchildren living in situations of crisis and conflict received education through the Education Cannot Wait fund in 2018-2020.
  • 39partner countries received support in 2020 to make their national social protection systems more inclusive, financially sustainable and responsive to shocks such as the COVID-19 crisis.
  • 20.1 millionpeople on antiretroviral treatment for HIV in countries were supported through contributions to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria in 2020.
  • 7 millionpeople in Afghanistan have been granted access to water supply and sanitation services since 2017.
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Programme Performance Overview

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Partnership Instrument for Cooperation with Third Countries

  • EUR 961.7 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 961.3 million
100%
Payments EUR 541.5 million
56%
 

This graph includes implementation based on voted budget appropriations and carried-over appropriations.

 

Key monitoring indicators

  Baseline Progress Target Results Assessment
Operating emissions trading schemes for greenhouse gas mitigation outside the EU / European Economic Area 15
>100%
26 27 compared to a target of 26 On track
Local and regional authorities signing the Covenant of Mayors (1) 6 270
93%
 
10 270 9 984 out of 10 270 On track
International agreements on migration and mobility signed with the strategic partners 15
80%
 
20 19 out of 20 On track
Worldwide level of implementation of international safety standards in civil aviation 62%
>100%
65% 69% compared to a target of 65% On track

(1) Latest results from 2019.

% of target achieved by 2020

 

 

Concrete examples of achievements

  • 80pairings were established in 2020 between cities in EU and non-EU countries in Asia and the Americas in the context of the new urban agenda under the international urban cooperation programme.
  • 85 000viewers watched the online EU film festival organised with the support of the PI in 2020.
  • EUR 400 millionin estimated investment was generated in Brazil through the low-carbon business action in 2020.
  • 20major agri-businesses with supply chains across the Asian region and reaching Europe committed to improving responsible business conduct and the implementation of due diligence in 2020.
  • 3.6 millionpeople in total participated in the events organised under the instrument between 2014 and 2020.
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Programme Performance Overview

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European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights

  • EUR 1 250.5 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 1 250.3 million
100%
Payments EUR 847.7 million
68%
 

This graph includes implementation based on voted budget appropriations and carried-over appropriations.

 

Key monitoring indicators

  Baseline Progress Target Results Assessment
Human-rights-defender individuals who have received EU support  
>100%
1 200 1 711 compared to a target of 1 200 On track
Human-rights crisis-response projects  
>100%
15 40 compared to a target of 15 On track
EU election missions (observation missions, expert missions and studies)  
61%
 
23 14 out of 23 Deserves attention
% of target achieved by the end of 2020

 

 

Concrete examples of achievements

  • 7 700at-risk human rights defenders were supported between 2014 and 2020.
  • 162countries were covered by the Global Monitor of COVID-19’s Impact on Democracy and Human Rights, created in 2020.
  • 14electoral processes and democratic cycles were supported, observed and monitored in 2020.
  • 350election observers were deployed in 2020.

Programme Performance Overview

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Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace

  • EUR 2 367.0 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 2 366.9 million
100%
Payments EUR 1 672.0 million
71%
 

This graph includes implementation based on voted budget appropriations and carried-over appropriations.

 

Key monitoring indicators

  Baseline Progress Target Results Assessment
Number of processes and entities with strengthened capacity 1 183
>100%
1 650 1 726 compared to a target of 1 650 On track
Biological threats – number of facilities upgraded to international standard 2
100%
12 12 out of 12 On track
Countering terrorism – partner countries covered by countering terrorism activities 8
>100%
20 40 compared to a target of 20 On track
% of target achieved by the end of 2020

 

 

Concrete examples of achievements

  • 56crisis-response actions were adopted in 2020.
  • 16actions addressed the COVID-19 crisis in 2020.
  • 11assignments were performed under the Mediation Facility in 2020.
  • 9assignments were performed under the Security Sector Governance Facility in 2020.
  • 8assignments were performed under the Transitional Justice Facility in 2020.
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Programme Performance Overview

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European Fund for Sustainable Development

  • EUR 350.0 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 350.0 million
100%
Payments EUR 350.0 million
100%

This graph includes implementation based on voted budget appropriations and carried-over appropriations.

 

Performance assessment

  • The EFSD is managed by the European Commission and implemented through two regional investment platforms: the African Investment Platform and the Neighbourhood Investment Platform. It aims to use scarce public resources in an innovative way to mobilise public and private investment, thereby creating growth and employment opportunities, maximising additionality, delivering innovative products and crowding-in private-sector funds.
  • The EFSD Guarantee covers portfolios of investments to be implemented by eligible counterparts in targeted areas – so-called investment windows. Investment under the EFSD is guided by the beneficiary’s development and sector policies, and helps foster an enabling environment (governance, legislation and regulations) through the support provided through technical assistance and the ‘enabling the business environment of the external investment plan’ pillar.
  • Based on the information provided by the financial institutions in their proposals, the guarantees that are approved are expected to contribute to the creation of close to 4 million jobs. They should also contribute to reducing carbon emissions by 6 000 kilotonnes a year and generate more than 4 gigawatts of energy, particularly renewable energy.
  • In the course of 2020, as the COVID-19 virus spread around the globe, the Commission decided to use the EFSD as a tool to help partner countries overcome the crisis. This meant that the EFSD needed to adapt quickly to the economic needs created by the global pandemic, by focusing on micro, small and medium-sized enterprises, local currency financing and support for the health sector. Previously signed agreements covering financing for such enterprises were topped up, and new agreements were negotiated and signed. One particularly important shift was a new agreement to provide EUR 400 million in financing for the distribution of COVID-19 vaccines to partner countries. Several guarantees addressing the crisis will also be treated as a priority by the successor instrument, the EFSD+ Guarantee, as soon as it is adopted.
  • The Commission established a results measurement framework for the EFSD, used in the guarantee agreements. It covers three levels: (1) the EFSD as a whole, including both the EFSD Guarantee and the blending operations; (2) the investment platforms and investment windows; (3) the investment programmes under the EFSD Guarantee and the projects under the blending operations. The Commission is responsible for monitoring and reporting under the first two levels, based on a set of predefined indicators. At programme and project level, reporting on the expected and actual operational results is the responsibility of the lead financial institution. The list of indicators and the frequency and format of reporting are part of the guarantee agreements signed with the financial institutions.
  • The EFSD is an instrument that translates quickly from regulatory decisions to impact on the ground. In addition, a key aspect of the EFSD is its capacity to leverage investments from the private sector. Investments are already materialising and the EFSD has already begun to show results. Shipments of COVID-19 vaccines have reached partner countries, entrepreneurs have received loans and private investors have invested alongside the Commission and its partner financial institutions. It is important to note that the investment period has only recently begun, and the duration of many of the guarantees is over 10 years. This means results will continue to be monitored and will increase in the coming years.
  • Given the rapid and efficient roll-out of the EFSD, the Commission proposes a similar structure in the successor instrument in the form of the EFSD+. While the EFSD was limited to sub-Saharan Africa and the European neighbourhood, the EFSD+ will have a global outreach. In addition, the EFSD+ will expand its toolkit to include transactions not originally part of the EFSD, such as sovereign loans. Accordingly, the results framework designed for the EFSD will be enhanced to capture the architecture, tools and procedures designed for EFSD+ and at the same time to ensure coherence with Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument priority areas.

Concrete examples of achievements

  • 14guarantee agreements were signed in the course of 2020.
  • EUR 100 millionhas been allocated to the municipal, infrastructure and industrial resilience programme of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, which aims to contribute to the green transition of the economies in the EU neighbourhood (guarantee agreement signed in 2020).
  • EUR 60 millionhas been allocated to the financial inclusion programme of Cassa Depositi e Prestiti, aiming to promote financial inclusion driven by diasporas, leveraging private financing to foster inclusive and sustainable entrepreneurship and the growth of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (guarantee agreement signed in 2020).
  • EUR 50 millionhas been allocated to the European Guarantee for Renewable Energy – Non-Sovereign – of Agence Française de Développement, aiming to improve the certainty of payments for investors under offtake contracts in renewable energy projects in Africa and addressing the offtakers’ non-payment risk, which is considered critical for the development of independent power producers (guarantee agreement signed in 2020).
  • EUR 92 millionhas been allocated to the Agricultural and Rural Finance Guarantee Programme of Agence Française de Développement, aiming to catalyse investment and support for local agricultural businesses in riskier environments and to improve liquidity and access to finance for smallholder farms and agri/rural micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (guarantee agreement signed in 2020).
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Programme Performance Overview

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