How is the programme designed to deliver results?


The operation of nuclear power plants is the responsibility of any State that chooses to include nuclear in its energy mix. Nevertheless, as history showed with the accidents of Chernobyl in 1986 and Fukushima in 2011, any accident has transboundary consequences and affects the population and the environment of neighbouring countries and regions. In other words, ensuring nuclear safety and security has features of a public good.

The European Union has thus both a role to play and value to add in terms of safeguarding the safety and security of its citizens and protecting the environment by ensuring that nuclear reactors are operated safely and according to the best international standards.


EI-INSC’ objective is to support the promotion of nuclear safety culture and radiation protection, the safe management of spent nuclear fuels and radioactive wastes, and the application of effective and efficient safeguards of nuclear materials in third countries.

This is to be achieved by cooperating with the key stakeholders and, in particular, with the responsible nuclear regulatory authorities, with the aim of transferring EU expertise and promoting transparency by third countries’ authorities in nuclear ‑related decision‑making.


EI-INSC’ objectives are:

  1. the promotion of an effective nuclear safety and radiation protection culture and implementation of the highest nuclear safety and radiation protection standards, and continuous improvement of nuclear safety, including through the promotion of transparency of third countries’ authorities’ decision ­making processes relating to the safety of nuclear installations;
  2. responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste and the decommissioning and remediation of former nuclear sites and installations, including the promotion of transparency of third countries’ authorities’ decision making processes;
  3. the establishment of efficient and effective safeguards for nuclear material in third countries.


  • EUR 300.0 millionTotal financial programming 2021-2027
2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
37.6 38.6 39.9 41.8 44.1 47.2 50.9

In EUR million.


EI-INSC will establish cooperation with and support beneficiary countries through a variety of means, including the provision of services, equipment, technical assistance, training, tutoring, and information exchange (including through twinning projects). EI-INSC can also provide budget support, and take part in multi‑lateral assistance/cooperation projects together with Member States or International Organisations.

Delivery mode

Direct management by the Commission (including through the Union Delegations) and under indirect management by entities, such as the EU member States’ agencies or International Organisations that ensure a level of protection of the EU’s financial interests equivalent to that under direct management. Indirect management may also be entrusted to partner countries or the bodies they designate.

Innovative financial instruments, including in partnership with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and other international financial institutions, will be used for blending activities.

Performance framework: more information

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Where are we in the implementation?

You will find information on the programme implementation in this webpage.

It will be updated when the programme will have started on an annual basis alongside the publication of the draft budget and the discharge.

Next publication (estimation): June 2022.

Predecessor programmes 2014-2020

EI-INSC builds on the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation in the 2014-2020 MFF.

2014-2020 Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation

  • EUR 314.4 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 314.4 million
Payments EUR 201.6 million

This graph includes implementation based on voted budget appropriations and carried-over appropriations.


Key monitoring indicators

  Baseline Progress Target Results Assessment
Nuclear safety culture and radiation protection standards – regulatory documents produced with the support of EU expertise  
8 36 compared to a target of 8 On track
Responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste – regulatory documents produced with the support of EU expertise  
9 18 compared to a target of 9 On track
Nuclear safeguard authorities benefiting from Commission-funded projects  
3 4 compared to a target of 3 On track
% of target achieved by the end of 2020



Concrete examples of achievements

  • 2 500people took part in the training and tutoring programme in 2014-2020.
  • 30countries and regions benefited from EU assistance in nuclear safety in 2014-2020.
  • 36regulatory documents were drafted and adopted in 2014-2020.
  • 18nuclear waste management and strategy documents were produced in 2014-2020.

Programme Performance Overview

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