How is the programme designed to deliver results?

Challenge

The Union's financial interests are threatened by both fraudulent activities and financial irregularities, both on the side of EU revenues and EU expenditure, as shown every year by the Commission’s annual report on the protection of the Union's financial interest.

Tackling these threats requires continuous and enhanced action on the part of the Union. Irregularities and fraud are by definition a Union-wide phenomenon, which is not limited to an individual Member State. The intervention at Union level on the protection of the Union financial interests is justified in terms of subsidiarity where it facilitates cooperation between the Union and the Member States or between Member States, without impinging on Member States’ responsibilities. Examples of such interventions include the necessary coordination of Member States’ antifraud activities and the provision of financial, technical, and information support to Member States in their efforts and actions to protect the Union’s financial interests. The importance and value of this coordination and support role by the EU are particularly obvious when the fraud or the irregularity has a cross border dimension or impacts several Member States.

Mission

Anti-Fraud supports and complements Member States in preventing and fighting fraud affecting the financial interests of the EU, and providing mutual assistance in customs and agricultural matters.

Objectives

The programme has three components, each with its specific objective as follows:

  • Preventing and combating fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities affecting the financial interest of the Union;
  • Supporting the reporting of irregularities, including fraud, with regard to the shared management and pre-accession funds of the Union Budget; and,
  • Providing tools for information exchange and support for operational activities in the field of mutual administrative assistance in customs and agricultural matters.

Budget

  • EUR 181.2 millionTotal financial programming 2021-2027
2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
24.1 24.4 24.9 25.5 26.4 27.4 28.7

In EUR million.

Actions

The first component of the programme provides Member States with targeted assistance in achieving their obligations to protect the Union's financial interests by means of support for the purchase of specific antifraud equipment, specific trainings, targeted conferences and studies.

For the second component, the Commission puts at Member States’ disposal and maintains the Irregularity Management System to facilitate Member States’ and candidate countries' compliance with their obligation (laid down in various sectorial pieces of legislation) to report detected irregularities—including fraud—in cases related to shared management and pre-accession assistance funds.

The third component encompasses the operation and maintenance of the Anti-Fraud Information System (supporting Member States’ mutual assistance in customs and agricultural matters); as well as other supported activities, such as Joint Customs Operations, training courses, and preparatory or evaluation meetings for operational actions.

Delivery mode

Anti-Fraud is implemented through direct management. The European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) is the lead service for programme implementation.

Performance framework: more information

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Where are we in the implementation?

You will find information on the programme implementation in this webpage.

It will be updated when the programme will have started on an annual basis alongside the publication of the draft budget and the discharge.

Next publication (estimation): June 2022.

Predecessor programmes 2014-2020

Anti-Fraud merges three instruments implemented separately in the 2014-2020 MFF, namely the Hercule spending programme and the financing bases of both the Anti-Fraud Information System and the Irregularity Management System.

HERCULE III

  • EUR 104.9 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 104.2 million
99%
 
Payments EUR 70.9 million
68%
 

This graph includes implementation based on voted budget appropriations and carried-over appropriations.

 

Key monitoring indicators

  Baseline Progress Target Results Assessment
Percentage of users that felt the use of Hercule III-funded equipment added value to their activities  
>100%
75% 93% of beneficiaries compared to a target of 75% On track
Satisfaction rate for training activities funded, including specialised training events  
>100%
75% 94% satisfaction rate compared to a target of 75% On track
% of target achieved by the end of 2020

 

 

Concrete examples of achievements

  • 10 000participants attended specialised training and conference activities co-financed by the programme between 2014 and 2020, via grants.
  • 1 340law enforcement officials from all Member States participated in the specialised digital forensic and analyst training, procured by the European Anti-Fraud Office over the 2014-2020 period.
  • 45high-level events focusing on the protection of the EU’s financial interests were organised by the European Anti-Fraud Office during the duration of the Hercule III programme.
  • 285grants were awarded over the programme period, mainly to competent authorities in the Member States, strengthening their operational and technical capacity to carry out investigations into activities detrimental to the EU’s financial interests.
  • 8commercial databases and specific information technology tools were made available each year to Member State authorities, enabling substantial economies of scale.
  •    

Programme Performance Overview

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Anti-Fraud Information System (AFIS)

  • EUR 49.4 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 49.1 million
99%
 
Payments EUR 42.5 million
86%
 

This graph includes implementation based on voted budget appropriations and carried-over appropriations.

 

Key monitoring indicators

  Baseline Progress Target Results Assessment
Mutual assistance – information exchange: number of active customs fraud cases 8 000
70%
 
24 000 19 125 out of 24 000 cases Moderate progress
Mutual assistance – number of joint customs operations (1) 3
>100%
5 9 operations achieved compared to a target of 5 On track

(1) Average of results for 2014-2020.

% of target achieved by the end of 2020

 

 

Concrete examples of achievements

  • 1 000tonnes of dangerous counterfeit pesticides were seized in 2020.
  • 100tonnes of illicit refrigerant gases were seized in 2020.
  • 8joint customs operations were supported in 2020.
  • 84%of users agree that AFIS responds to their needs.

Programme Performance Overview

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