How is the programme designed to deliver results?


To achieve smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, stimulate job creation, and respect its long-term decarbonisation commitments, the Union needs to build an up-to-date, multimodal high-performance infrastructure to help connect and integrate the Union and all its regions in the transport, energy, and digital sectors. To complete the Trans-European networks, support is needed in particular to facilitate cross-border connections.


The acceleration of these investments benefit not only the countries directly affected, but the entire Union, enhancing the Single Market as a whole and bringing the whole EU closer to its sustainability objectives. For this reason, action at the EU level is warranted and can provide significant added value.


CEF targets the following specific objectives:

In the transport sector:

  1. contributing to the development of efficient, interconnected and multimodal trans-European transport network (TEN-T) and infrastructure for smart, interoperable, sustainable, inclusive, accessible, safe and secure mobility;
  2. adapting parts of the TEN-T infrastructure for dual use, improving both civilian and military mobility.

In the energy sector:

  1. contributing to further integration of an efficient and competitive internal energy market;
  2. supporting interoperability of networks across border and sectors, and cross-border cooperation;
  3. facilitating decarbonisation of the economy, and promoting energy efficiency and ensuring security of supply; and
  4. facilitating cross-border cooperation in the area of renewable energy.

In the digital sector:

  1. contributing to the deployment of safe and secure very high capacity digital networks and 5G systems;
  2. supporting an increased resilience and capacity of the digital backbone networks on EU territories by linking them to neighbouring territories; and
  3. fostering the digitalisation of transport and energy networks.


  • EUR 33 629.1 millionTotal financial programming 2021-2027
2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
4 497.9 4 549.6 4 665.2 4 787.2 4 914.0 5 041.1 5 174.1

In EUR million. These amounts include Military mobility and the contribution of the Cohesion fund.


CEF has the general objective to build, develop, modernise and complete the trans-European networks, to contribute to the achievement of the 2030 climate and energy targets as well as the Union long-term decarbonisation commitments of the European Green Deal, and thus to contribute to smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and to enhance territorial, social and economic cohesion.

For the transport sector, it shall contribute to the development of projects of common interest relating to the completion of the TEN-T network and its modernisation, through the creation of new and the upgrade of existing infrastructure, including telematic application, new technologies and innovation (including alternative fuels), interoperability, road safety, infrastructure resilience, accessibility and security of transport., thus reflecting the priorities set in Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy.

For the energy sector, CEF will contribute to the implementation of projects of common interest, highlighting the enabling role of energy infrastructure for the transition to climate neutrality, for integrating European energy markets and for the interoperability of networks. The new category of cross-border projects in the field of renewable energy in addition contributes specifically to a cost effective target achievement for renewables by 2030 and is an integral element of the enabling framework for cooperation on renewables.

For the digital sector, actions will focus on ensuring uninterrupted coverage with 5G systems along major transport paths, the deployment of new or significant upgrade of existing communication backbone networks, as well as the deployment of and access to very high capacity networks, including 5G.

Delivery mode

CEF is implemented through direct management by the Commission.(DG MOVE, DG ENER and DG CNECT are jointly in the lead).. On an ad-hoc basis and if justified, specific actions may be implemented in indirect management. 

The programme is implemented through Executive Agencies. The transport and energy strands will be implemented by the European Climate, Infrastructure and Environment Executive Agency (CINEA). The CEF digital programme will be implemented through the Health and Digital Executive Agency (HaDEA).

Performance framework: more information

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Where are we in the implementation?

You will find information on the programme implementation in this webpage.

It will be updated when the programme will have started on an annual basis alongside the publication of the draft budget and the discharge.

Next publication (estimation): June 2022.

Predecessor programmes 2014-2020

For the Transport and Energy sectors, CEF will continue the successful work of its 2014-2020 MFF predecessor CEF, with a focus on new priority actions. For the digital strand, CEF will depart from the 2014‑2020 CEF Telecom by being fully dedicated to support the deployment of high performance digital communication infrastructures. While building on the experience gained with the previous programme, CEF Digital will represent a step change as regards the scope, volume and intensity of the proposed EU support.

2014-2020 Connecting Europe Facility (CEF)

  • EUR 29 904.3 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Including Cohesion Fund contribution.

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 29 888.9 million
Payments EUR 12 180.9 million

Including Cohesion Fund contribution. This graph includes implementation based on voted budget appropriations and carried-over appropriations.


Key monitoring indicators

  Baseline Progress Target Results Assessment
CEF Transport – volume of private, public or public–private partnership investment in projects of common interest (billion EUR)  
53.0 EUR 31.3 billion out of EUR 53.0 billion Moderate progress
CEF Transport – lines in service equipped with the European Railway Traffic Management System  
5 971 30 km (estimated value: 434) out of 5 971 km (1) Moderate progress
CEF Transport – new sections with increased capacity and bottlenecks removed  
350 31 (estimated value: 93) out of 350 (1) Moderate progress
CEF Transport – number of supply points for alternative fuels  
20 757 706 (estimated value: 1 618) out of 20 757 (1) Moderate progress
CEF Transport – improved or new connections between ports through motorways of the sea  
31 13 (estimated value: 20) out of 31 Moderate progress
CEF Energy – system resilience – number of Member States 3
22 20 out of 22 On track
CEF Energy – Member States with diversified gas supply sources 19
26 25 out of 26 On track
CEF Telecom – citizens using public services online 57%
70% 67% out of a target of 67% On track
CEF Telecom – availability of cross-border public services  
100% 80% out of a target of 100% On track
2020 actual results, as a % of the target
2020 estimated values, as a % of the target (1)

(1) Estimated values represent project results to be completed by 2020 based on the contractual delivery dates in the signed grant agreement – see explanation below under ‘More information on the performance of the programme’.



Concrete examples of achievements

  • 307pilot multistandard fast chargers deployed in 2019 (administrative closure in 2020) across Belgium, Czechia, Germany and Slovakia with a view to future roll-out.
  • 3remote tower services deployed for low-traffic airports in Sweden in 2019 (administrative closure in 2020), paving the way for future EU deployment.
  • 2sections of the German inland waterway network improved in 2019 (administrative closure in 2020) along the Lower-Havel Waterway and the Elbe–Havel Canal, enabling the passage of fully loaded, large self-propelled barges and push barges with double-layered container loads.
  • 600 megawattsof transmission capacity added at the border between Estonia and Latvia with the completion of the Estonia–Latvia third electricity interconnection. This will further facilitate the integration of renewable energy sources into the grid.
  • 2.6 billion m3of natural gas per year: this is the capacity of the new liquefied natural gas terminal in Krk (Croatia) that was completed in 2020. It will enhance the diversification and security of the region’s natural gas supply.
  • 93projects in the 27 Member States use the eHealth digital service infrastructure, enabling the movement of health data across national borders, ensuring the continuity of care and the safety of citizens seeking healthcare outside their home country and enabling the pooling of EU-wide medical expertise to treat rare diseases.

Programme Performance Overview

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