How is the programme designed to deliver results?

Challenge

The landscape for EU agriculture and rural areas has changed significantly since the last reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in 2013:

  •   New EU international commitments on Climate Change and on Sustainable Development Goals added new challenges and opportunities;
  •   A new global economic context characterised by higher market-price uncertainty;
  •   The European Green Deal has reinforced the need for the CAP to better respond to the transition towards a sustainable food system.

In that context, EU's agriculture and rural areas face challenges related to:

  •   the economic health of the farm sector, both in terms of income and of competitiveness;
  •   the need to preserve natural resources in a context of climate change (requiring action both regarding mitigation and adaptation); and
  •   the need to preserve the economic and social fabric for EU's rural areas.

The CAP has been reformed to meet these challenges, advance towards a more targeted system of support, and increase its environmental and climate ambition.

The global and cross-border nature of the challenges faced by the EU agricultural sector and rural areas requires a strong common policy at EU level.

Mission

The CAP aims to support a resilient, sustainable and competitive agricultural sector to ensure production of high‑quality, safe and affordable food for Europe’s citizens and a strong socio-economic fabric in rural areas.

Objectives

The CAP has ten key objectives:

  1. Support viable farm income and resilience of the agricultural sector across the Union to enhance long-term food security and agricultural diversity;
  2. Enhance market orientation and increase farm competitiveness, including greater focus on research, technology and digitalisation;
  3. Improve the farmers' position in the value chain;
  4. Contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation, including by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and enhancing carbon sequestration, as well as promote sustainable energy;
  5. Foster sustainable development and efficient management of natural resources such as water, soil and air, including by reducing chemical dependency;
  6. Contribute to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, enhance ecosystem services and preserve habitats and landscapes;
  7. Attract and sustain young farmers and other new farmers and facilitate sustainable business development in rural areas;
  8. Promote employment, growth, gender equality, including the participation of women in farming, social inclusion and local development in rural areas, including circular bio-economy and sustainable forestry.
  9. Improve the response of Union agriculture to societal demands on food and health, including high quality, safe, and nutritious food produced in a sustainable way, the reduction of food waste, as well as improving animal welfare and combatting antimicrobial resistances.
  10. Modernising the sector by fostering and sharing of knowledge, innovation and digitalisation in agriculture and rural areas, and encouraging their uptake by farmers.

Budget

  • EUR 386 263.4 millionTotal financial programming 2021-2027
2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
58 100.7 58 709.4 53 626.9 53 757.9 53 890.9 54 021.9 54 155.9

In EUR million.
(1) In 2021 and 2022 the CAP draws on the allocations of the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework but follow the 2014-2020 policy rules.
(2) The financial programming includes top-ups coming from the NextGenerationEU.

Actions

The interventions are funded by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD).

EAGF will fund the following types of interventions:

  • Direct Payments: a) Decoupled direct payments: the basic income support for sustainability; the complementary redistributive income support for sustainability; the complementary income support for young farmers; the schemes for the climate and the environment; b) Coupled direct payments;
  • Sectorial interventions: a) fruit and vegetables sector; b) apiculture products sector; c) wine sector; d) hops sector; e) olive oil and table olives sector; f) other sectors.

EAFRD will fund the following types of interventions: (a) environmental, climate and other management commitments; (b) natural or other area-specific constraints; (c) area-specific disadvantages resulting from mandatory requirements; (d) investments; (e) installation of young farmers and rural business start-up; f) risk management tools; g) cooperation; h) knowledge exchange and information.

Delivery mode

Implementation is in shared management. DG AGRI is the leading DG for the Commission.

Performance framework: more information

DownloadPDF - 834.9 KB
DownloadXLSX - 275.3 KB

Where are we in the implementation?

You will find information on the programme implementation in this webpage.

It will be updated when the programme will have started on an annual basis alongside the publication of the draft budget and the discharge.

Next publication (estimation): June 2022.

Predecessor programmes 2014-2020

The programme is a continuation of its predecessor under the 2014-2020 MFF, but has been designed under the framework of the 2021-2027 MFF to address the challenges identified for the period 2021‑2027.

2014-2022 European Agricultural Guarantee Fund

  • EUR 301 949.9 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 301 337.3 million
100%
Payments EUR 301 169.5 million
100%

This graph includes implementation based on voted budget appropriations and carried-over appropriations.

 

Key monitoring indicators

  Baseline Progress Target Results Assessment
Increase in agricultural factor income (index) 2013: 111.8
86%
 
Overall increase in the long term Index was above baseline in 6 out of the 7 years from 2014 to 2020. 2020 index value: 124.0 On track
Increase in agricultural productivity (index) (1) 2005: 100
100%
Overall increase in the long term Index increased each year from 2014 to 2018. 2018 index value: 111 On track
Increase in rural employment rate (2) 2013: 63.5%
100%
Overall increase in the long term Index increased each year from 2014 to 2019. 2019 employment rate: 69% On track

(1) Latest results are from 2018.
(2) Latest results are from 2019.
NB: Progress to target is measured provisionally based on the number of years in which the index was above baseline.

% of target achieved by the end of 2020

 

 

Concrete examples of achievements

  • 6.2 millionfarmers benefited from direct payments in the 2020 financial year.
  • 500 000farmers benefited from the ‘young farmers’ scheme in 2019.
  • 79%of the EU’s total agricultural area was subject to at least one greening obligation as of 2019.
  • 18.2 millionbeehives supported in 2019.
  • 19.2%of children in the EU benefited from the school scheme on fruit, vegetables and milk in the 2018/2019 school year.
  •   

Programme Performance Overview

DownloadPDF - 696.8 KB

2014-2022 European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development

  • EUR 100 312.3 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 100 294.4 million
100%
Payments EUR 65 079.0 million
65%
 

This graph includes implementation based on voted budget and carried-over appropriations, as well as implementation based on recoveries and repaid advances.

 

Key monitoring indicators

  Baseline Progress Target Results Assessment
Support for investment in restructuring  
55%
 
2.8% Support reached 1.6% of agricultural holdings out of 2.8% On track
Business development plan for young farmers  
75%
 
1.4% Support reached 1.1% of agricultural holdings out of 1.4% On track
Contributing to biodiversity and landscapes on agricultural land  
>100%
17.4% 17.7% of agricultural land reached compared to target of 17.4% On track
Improving water management on agricultural land  
99%
 
14.4% 14.2% of agricultural land reached out of 14.4% On track
Improving water management on forest land  
27%
 
0.9% 0.2% of forest area reached out of 0.9% On track
Preventing soil erosion and improving soil management on agricultural land  
>100%
13.9% 14.1% of agricultural land reached compared to target of 13.9% On track
Preventing soil erosion and improving soil management on forest land  
28%
 
1.3% 0.4% of forest area reached out of 1.3% On track
Improving efficiency of irrigation systems  
55%
 
13.9% 7.7% of irrigated land reached out of 13.9% On track
Local development strategies (in share of rural population reached)  
>100%
54.0% 60.6% of rural population reached compared to target of 54.0% On track
New or improved services/infrastructure (in share of rural population reached)  
99%
 
16.7% 16.5% of rural population reached out of 16.7% On track
% of target achieved by the end of 2019

 

 

Concrete examples of achievements

  • 3.8 millionhectares of agricultural and forest land covered by management contracts contributing to carbon sequestration or conservation in 2019.
  • 17.7%of agricultural land was covered by management contracts contributing to biodiversity in 2019.
  • EUR 1 373 millionin investments in energy efficiency or renewable energy production reached by 2019.
  • 1 204 000livestock units affected by investments in livestock management with a view to reducing greenhouse gas or ammonia emissions in 2019.
  • 5.1 millionhectares of land were under land management contracts aiming to reduce greenhouse gas or ammonia emissions in 2019.
  • 1.5 millionbeneficiaries had received vocational training in agriculture by the end of 2019 (the 2023 target is 3.8 million) by 2019.

Programme Performance Overview

DownloadPDF - 753.3 KB
DepartmentsTopics