How is the programme designed to deliver results?

Challenge

The EU has faced a very large and growing number of asylum seekers and migrants in recent years. Attempts by migrants to reach the European shores with makeshift means have all too often resulted in tragedy. The EU budget has supported efforts to manage these inflows and effective returns. Nevertheless, as confirmed by regular reports on the delivery of the European migration policy, there is still much to be done to reduce of the incentives for irregular migration.

The challenges in the areas of asylum and migration are by their nature interlinked, transnational phenomena and cannot be adequately addressed by the Member States acting alone. Together with the integrated management of the EU’s external borders, the completion of a Common European Asylum System is the most effective way to share these responsibilities and their financial implications between Member States fairly. EU funding in the area of integration of third-country nationals is indispensable to increase the quality of support to newcomers in the early stages after their arrival. This is crucial to ensure their full inclusion in EU societies in the long run, if they receive permanent protection.

Mission

AMIF aims to further boost national capacities and improve procedures for migration management, as well as enhance solidarity and responsibility sharing between Member States, in particular through emergency assistance and the relocation mechanism.

Objectives

AMIF pursues the following specific objectives:

  1. To strengthen and develop all aspects of the common European asylum system, including its external dimension;
  2. To support legal migration to the Member States, including by contributing to the integration of third-country nationals.
  3. To contribute to countering irregular migration and ensuring effectiveness of return and readmission in third countries.
  4. To enhance solidarity and responsibility sharing between the Member States, in particular towards those most affected by migration and asylum challenges, including through practical cooperation.

Budget

  • EUR 9 882.0 millionTotal financial programming 2021-2027
2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
873.3 1 099.5 1 318.8 1 401.4 1 686.3 1 705.6 1 797.2

In EUR million.

Actions

AMIF supports a broad range of actions in line with the European migration policy. This includes, in particular;

  • Ensuring a uniform application of the EU acquis and of the priorities related to the Common European Asylum System, legal migration and return;
  • Providing support and services consistent with the status and the needs of the person concerned, in particular the vulnerable groups;
  • Supporting resettlement, humanitarian admission and transfers of applicants for and beneficiaries of international protection;
  • Supporting the development and implementation of policies promoting legal migration, such as the development of mobility schemes to the EU and raising awareness of the appropriate legal channels for immigration;
  • Supporting integration measures tailored to the needs of third-country nationals and early integration programmes focusing on education, language and other training (such as civic orientation courses and professional guidance) to prepare their active participation in and their acceptance by the receiving society;
  • Supporting infrastructures for the reception of third country nationals, including the possible joint use of such facilities by more than one Member State;
  • Supporting an integrated and coordinated approach to return management at the EU and Member States’ level, development of capacities for effective and sustainable return and reducing incentives for irregular migration;
  • Supporting assisted voluntary return and reintegration;
  • Cooperating with third countries on asylum, legal migration and countering irregular migration and on effective return and readmission for the purpose of managing migration.

Delivery mode

AMIF will be implemented under shared, direct or indirect management. The largest share (63.5%) will be allocated to the national programmes under shared management. DG HOME is the lead service for the Commission, in close coordination with DG REGIO, EMPL and AGRI.

Performance framework: more information

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Where are we in the implementation?

You will find information on the programme implementation in this webpage.

It will be updated when the programme will have started on an annual basis alongside the publication of the draft budget and the discharge.

Next publication (estimation): June 2022.

Predecessor programmes 2014-2020

AMIF builds on the successful implementation of and lessons learnt from Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund in the 2014-2020 MFF. It maintains its external dimension while ensuring more safeguards. It also introduces more flexibility through the new Thematic Facility that enables allocating funding to emerging or unforeseen needs (via a mix of shared, direct and indirect management), to steer the funds towards changing EU priorities and pressing challenges.

2014-2020 Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund

  • EUR 7 595.0 millionBudget allocation 2014-2020

Overall execution (2014-2020)

  Total %
Commitments EUR 7 585.4 million
100%
Payments EUR 4 497.3 million
59%
 

This graph includes implementation based on voted budget and carried-over appropriations, as well as implementation based on recoveries.

 

Key monitoring indicators

  Baseline Progress Target Results Assessment
Asylum – number of persons provided with assistance  
>100%
1.3 million 2.4 million people compared to target of 1.3 million On track
New/improved reception accommodation infrastructures  
71%
 
51 028 36 346 infrastructures out of 51 028 On track
Support for asylum policies in Member States – number of projects  
67%
 
132 89 projects out of 132 On track
Number of persons resettled  
71%
 
108 860 77 463 persons out of 108 860 On track
Integration of non-EU nationals – number of beneficiaries  
>100%
2.6 million 6.9 million persons compared to target of 2.6 million On track
Integration of non-EU nationals – local, regional and national actions  
>100%
7 443 10 458 actions compared to target of 7 443 On track
Support for integration policies in Member States – number of projects  
>100%
134 189 projects compared to target of 134 On track
Co-financed returns – total (in number of persons)  
52%
 
612 400 316 463 persons out of 612 400 Moderate progress
Co-financed returns – voluntary (in number of persons)  
56%
 
314 670 177 423 persons out of 314 670 Moderate progress
Support for return policies in Member States – number of projects  
100%
44 44 out of 44 projects On track
Asylum seekers and beneficiaries transferred from one Member State to another (1)  
83%
 
38 703 32 256 persons out of 38 703 On track

(1) As reported by the Member States in their annual accounts. The indicator monitors relocations under the two Council decisions on relocation of September 2015 as well as voluntary relocations.

% of target achieved by the end of 2020

 

 

Concrete examples of achievements

  • 2 442 140asylum seekers were provided with assistance with the support of the fund in 2014 to 2020.
  • 6 924 718non-EU nationals received help with integration during the 2014-2020 period with the support of the fund.
  • 77 463people were resettled with the support of the fund from 2014 up to the end of 2020.
  • 115 249returned migrants received pre- and post-integration assistance during 2014 to 2020, ensuring compliance with human rights and the dignity of the returnees.
  • 30 026new or improved accommodation places have been created since 2014, in line with the common requirements for reception conditions set out in the EU acquis.
  • 32 256applicants for and beneficiaries of international protection were transferred from one Member State to another with support of the AMIF during the 2014-2020 period.

Programme Performance Overview

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