Programme in a nutshell

Concrete examples of achievements


requests were received by 27 Member States under TSI 2022.



Technical Support Instrument (TSI) reform projects corresponding to 225 requests were selected under TSI 2022.



multi-country projects were selected under TSI 2022, translating into 66 projects in the Member States.



of the projects selected under TSI 2022 will contribute to the preparation or the implementation of the Recovery and Resilience Facility.


Budget for 2021-2027


Rationale and design of the programme

With the Technical Support Instrument (TSI), the European Commission will accompany Member States' efforts to tackle reform challenges by offering them technical expertise to enhance their capacity to carry out reforms and to foster the exchange of good practices across the EU.



Legal basis

Regulation (EU) 2021/240 of the European Parliament and of the Council



Technical Support Instrument (TSI)

Implementation and performance


Budget implementation

Budget programming (million EUR):

  2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 Total
Financial programming 116.4 118.7 121.1 123.5 126.0 128.5 130.4 864.4
Decommitments made available again (*) N/A             N/A
Contributions from other countries and entities                

(*) Only Article 15(3) of the financial regulation.


Change not significant

  Financial programming:
  + EUR 0.4 million (+ 0%)
  compared to the legal basis


Cumulative implementation rate at the end of 2021 (million EUR):

  Implementation 2021-2027 Budget Implementation rate
Commitments 116.1 864.4 13%
Payments 26.4   3%


Voted budget implementation in 2021 (million EUR):

  Voted budget implementation Initial voted budget
Commitments 116.1 116.4
Payments 26.4 59.2



Contribution to horizontal priorities

EU budget contribution in 2021 (million EUR):

Climate Biodiversity Gender equality (*)
28.3 0 Score 0*: 116.1

(*) Based on the applied gender contribution methodology, the following scores are attributed at the most granular level of intervention possible:
- 2: interventions the principal objective of which is to improve gender equality;
- 1: interventions that have gender equality as an important and deliberate objective but not as the main reason for the intervention;
- 0: non-targeted interventions;
- 0*: score to be assigned to interventions with a likely but not yet clear positive impact on gender equality.


Performance assessment


  • In 2021, the TSI supported Member States' efforts to design and implement resilience enhancing reforms. It also contributed to the EU's recovery from the COVID-19 crisis, improving the quality of public services and helping to get the Member States back on the path of sustainable and inclusive growth.
  • The TSI is also an important pillar of the recovery plan for Europe, the EU's initiative to help Member States mitigate the economic and social consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The TSI directly supports Member States for the implementation of their recovery and resilience plans.
  • Beyond the recovery and resilience plans, DG Structural Reform Support continued to support Member States in the implementation of key EU priorities such as the green and digital transitions. In addition to the traditional technical support under the TSI, some Member States have asked for further support through the transfer of national funds.
  • As a result of the TSI 2022 round, 27 Member States submitted 512 requests for support with a total estimated value of EUR 230 million. DG Structural Reform Support identified 176 projects for funding covering 225 selected technical support requests. The selection followed a thorough prioritisation exercise carried out according to the TSI regulation and a wide consultation of 24 Commission departments to find synergies and complementarities and avoid overlaps with other programmes.
  • The high satisfaction feedback provided by Member States' coordinating authorities is a recognition of DG Structural Reform Support's work.
  • In 2021, the Commission also developed a robust set of communication initiatives to put the TSI under the spotlight, such as the organisation of a high-level conference for the launch of the TSI 2022 call or the creation of a new reform support website.
  • The TSI has supported Member States in the field of migration by helping several public administrations to build their institutional and operational capacity to integrate migrants and refugees, with a view to boost their integration in the labour market or into society.
  • The TSI has supported Member States in the field of public financial management, by helping them improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their public expenditure policies, mainly through support for the design, conduct and institutionalisation of spending reviews.
  • The TSI has supported Member States in the field of revenue administration, by helping them to boost the capacity of their tax and customs administrations. This support addressed a broad range of activities, including core information technology and business processes, taxpayer services, customs control activities and strategic and managerial functions.
  • The TSI also helped to strengthen the green and digital transition in the Member States. In 2021 there was a substantial increase in Member State demand for support in the area of e-Government and digital public administration, particularly following the impact of COVID-19 pandemic.
  • It further included support to Member States in the area of climate change mitigation and adaptation, including for the preparation of a long-term climate mitigation strategies. The support extended to disaster risk management, such as prevention of floods and wildfires. In addition, in the energy sector TSI supported setting up of a national decarbonisation fund to improve access to financing for the energy renovation of buildings.
  • In fact, under TSI 2021, one in three projects, or over 100 projects in total, contributed to the objectives of the European Green Deal. In addition to climate relevant reforms, the Commission supported some Member States with draft plans or strategies for improving waste management, transitioning towards circular economy, and improving water cycles.
  • Of particular importance was the TSI support for the national recovery and resilience plans under the Recovery and Resilience Facility. Around 60% of the projects selected in TSI 2021 have contributed to either the preparation or implementation of the recovery and resilience plans. In particular, 120 projects related to the implementation of thematic reforms and in investments in the recovery and resilience plans, while 11 additional projects concerned general support for the overall preparation or implementation of the recovery and resilience plans funded under the programme or through the transfer of national funds.

Programme statement

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