Programme in a nutshell

Concrete examples of achievements (*)

4.1 million

exchanges of information occurred in 2021 in the European Criminal Records Information System.


22 423

justice professionals were trained in 2020 through the justice programme's financial support to cross-border training activities, to the European Judicial Training Network and through the contract on anti-money laundering training for lawyers.


4.4 million

visits were made to the e-Justice Portal in 2021.



victim support organisations with national coverage had been established by the end of 2020.


(*) Key achievements in the table state which period they relate to. Many come from the implementation of the predecessor programmes under the 2014-2020 multiannual financial framework. This is expected and is due to the multiannual life cycle of EU programmes and the projects they finance, where results often follow only after completion of the programmes.

Budget for 2021-2027


Rationale and design of the programme

The justice programme supports a broad range of beneficiaries that play an important role in the development of an EU area of justice. This includes, primarily, members of the judiciary and judicial staff, but also public authorities, academic/research institutes and training bodies, along with civil-society and non-profit organisations.



Legal basis

Regulation (EU) 2021/693 of the European Parliament and of the Council.



Funding and Tenders opportunities portal

Justice and Consumers Funding, Tenders

Implementation and performance



Budget programming (million EUR):

  2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 Total
Financial programming 46.7 43.6 42.2 41.8 41.8 41.7 41.4 299.3
Decommitments made available again (*) N/A             N/A
Contributions from other countries and entities 0.0 p.m. p.m. p.m. p.m. p.m. p.m. 0.0

(*) Only Article 15(3) of the financial regulation.


Change not significant

  Financial programming:
  + EUR 0.3 million (+ 0%)
  compared to the legal basis


Cumulative implementation rate at the end of 2021 (million EUR):

  Implementation 2021-2027 Budget Implementation rate
Commitments 46.7 299.3 16%
Payments 21.0   7%


Voted budget implementation in 2021 (million EUR):

  Voted budget implementation Initial voted budget
Commitments 46.7 46.4
Payments 21.0 19.2



Contribution to horizontal priorities

EU budget contribution in 2021 (million EUR):

Climate Biodiversity Gender equality (*)
0.21 0 Score 0*: 46.7

(*) Based on the applied gender contribution methodology, the following scores are attributed at the most granular level of intervention possible:
- 2: interventions the principal objective of which is to improve gender equality;
- 1: interventions that have gender equality as an important and deliberate objective but not as the main reason for the intervention;
- 0: non-targeted interventions;
- 0*: score to be assigned to interventions with a likely but not yet clear positive impact on gender equality.


Performance assessment


  • 2021 was an extremely challenging year for programme implementation, in particular due to the transition between two multiannual financial frameworks, the very late adoption of the justice programme regulation (28 April 2021) and the continuation of the COVID-19 pandemic. Nevertheless, DG Justice and Consumers ensured that the implementation level of the justice programme was satisfactory, providing funding to public entities, NGOs, EU networks and information technology systems, and funding several key activities in support of policy and legislative developments.
  • The 2021-2022 work programme of the justice programme provided around EUR 45.3 million for 2021 to support action promoting judicial cooperation and training and implementing projects supporting access to justice for all. Funds committed in the work programme were planned to be deployed via grants (about 73% of the total allocation) and procurement (almost 27% of the total allocation).
  • The 2021 calls for proposals were launched as early as possible in 2021. Altogether, seven calls for proposals were organised in the first year of the justice programme, with a total budget of approximately EUR 33 million. Under these calls, 198 proposals were received, with 77 projects having been awarded funding. By January 2022, 57 grant agreements had already been signed.


MFF 2014-2020 – Justice

The justice programme supports a broad range of beneficiaries that play an important role in the development of an EU area of justice. These include, primarily, members of the judiciary and judicial staff, but also public authorities, academic/research institutes and training bodies, along with civil-society and non-profit organisations.



Cumulative implementation rate at the end of 2021 (million EUR):

  Implementation 2014-2020 Budget Implementation rate
Commitments 317.0 318.0 100%
Payments 241.9   76%


Performance assessment


  • The outputs from the justice programme in 2014-2020 are closely linked to the Commission's activities relating to preparing, supporting and ensuring the correct implementation of an important number of EU legal instruments in civil and criminal law, improving their enforcement and remedy capacities in Member States and ensuring adequate cross-border and EU-level cooperation.
  • The proper application of EU law is a key element in allowing EU citizens and business to benefit from that law. This is achieved through both preventive action (workshops, expert meetings, stakeholder dialogues, technical guidelines for national authorities and training of justice professionals financed through the programme) and infringement procedures. The activities funded by the programme resulted in the better implementation and functioning of EU justice instruments (e.g. European Investigation Orders, European Arrest Warrants and surrender procedures, European Protection Orders, European Account Preservation Orders, family law). Analytical activities also helped prepare or accompanied new legislation, and responded to policy changes in the areas covered by the programme.
  • The justice programme also supported activities relating to the promotion of the rule of law via all its instruments. Action grants on judicial training offered training to the judiciary on the main principles and values stemming from Court of Justice of the European Union and European Court of Human Rights case-law and international documents, and such grants also funded projects to improve the quality of national judicial systems.
  • The actions of the programme in relation to specific objective 1 ('Judicial cooperation in civil and criminal matters') are on track to achieve their goals. The programme has helped to improve the implementation and functioning of existing legislative cooperation instruments and has supported the development of several information and communication technology tools to enhance access to information.
  • Overall, the justice programme has performed very well in achieving its goals in relation to specific objective 2 ('Judicial training').
  • In 2020 and in 2021, most training activities took place online, adapting their delivery to the pandemic and to the travel restrictions. Online activities gave a tremendous boost to participation in the training activities supported by the programme, especially regarding attendance by lawyers. The overall number of participants reached a record level of 22 423 in 2020 – around 7% of all the justice professionals who received training on EU law that year.
  • On the other hand, under the specific European Judicial Training Network's annual training programmes, which are also supported via the justice programme, the number of participants dropped to 5 074 in 2020, as not all activities could be moved online. For example, most face-to-face exchanges could not take place. However, the cost-to-serve ratio (i.e. the price per person for one training day offered by the network) decreased to an exceptional level of EUR 239, as online activities are cheaper than cross-border face-to-face activities.
  • The actions of the programme in relation to specific objective 3 ('Access to justice') are on track to achieve their goals of facilitating access to justice for all – including promoting and supporting the rights of victims of crime – while respecting the rights of the defence.
  • The European e-Justice Portal, a one-stop shop for justice matters, contributes significantly to improving and facilitating access to justice for citizens, businesses, national authorities, legal practitioners and the judiciary. Over the years, it has grown to cover more than 150 topics in a wide variety of areas.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has continued to have an impact on the implementation of the programme in relation to funds awarded via action grants or operating grants. However, a full assessment is not yet possible, since reporting for this period will only be done later at project closure or final report time.
  • Many of the programme's beneficiaries converted activities such as training to online events as much as possible. Obviously, much less funding is needed for such events. Moreover, some activities, while not completely cancelled, were reduced in scope (e.g. the parts that were only meaningful in case of physical interaction have been delayed, or in some cases cancelled). Both factors will result in funds being recovered in upcoming years.

Programme statement

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