The interactive chart below presents the information on spending and revenue under the 2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework. The data is available for download at the bottom of the page (also for previous long-term budgets). For more information on the MFF, see here.
The data displayed includes the retroactive impact of the 2014 Own Resources Decision. Click here for more information.
The amounts are for presentation purposes only. Any formal reference to budgetary information should be to official budget documents and reports.
How to use
Click on one of the three tabs ("Overview", "Spending" and "Revenue") to switch between the visualisations. You can use the filters (e.g. year, country) to select one or multiple values to display. Your current selection is displayed in the blue bar: click on it to modify it, or on the "x" to remove it. Depending on your current selection, not all options in the filter may be available: if it is not possible to select a value, it will appear in a dark grey background.
The current selection can be downloaded by clicking on the button "Download the selected data" in the chart.
Retroactive impact of the Own Resources decision
The Own Resources Decision of 2014 (ORD 2014, Council Decision No. 2014/335/EU, Euratom of 26 May 2014) entered into force on the 1 October 2016 with retro-active effect to the 1 January 2014 following the completion of the ratification process by all EU Member States in September 2016. Due to this late adoption, the national contributions of the EU Member States and the Traditional Own Resources (TOR) for the years 2014 and 2015 were initially calculated on the basis of the Own Resources Decision 2007 (ORD 2007). Therefore, in 2016 they were converted to the rules applicable of the new Own Resources Decision 2014 (ORD 2014) as if they had been applied from 1 January 2014 in order to show a more stable development. The retroactive impact is integrated in the national contribution section and the Traditional Own Resources (TOR) section of the revenue part in the interactive chart. The Excel overview tables below present data with and without retroactive update for the years 2014 and 2015.
Data for years prior to 2000 is available from the 2008 Financial Report
In accordance with point 75 of the conclusions of the 1999 European Council in Berlin: "When referring to budgetary imbalances, the Commission, for presentational purposes, will base itself on operating expenditure."
It is not the actual "national contribution" of Member States that is used for the calculation of operating budgetary balances. Total "national contributions" are adjusted to equal total EU allocated operating expenditure, so that operating budgetary balances sum to zero. Traditional Own Resources (TOR) are not included in the calculation of net balances since TORs are a direct result of the application of common policies such as the common agricultural policy and the customs union. They are therefore considered to be pure EU revenue rather than national contributions. Furthermore, the economic agent bearing the burden of the customs duty imposed is not always a resident of the Member State collecting the duty.
By construction, in the calculation any expenditure from the EU budget appears to benefit one single Member State, even if in the reality it benefits several or all Member States. The calculation of the balances ignore non-budgetary socio-economic benefits like a level-playing field for all economic actors, or synergies and economies of scale resulting from European cooperation instead of financing 27 separate policies or programmes. The leverage effect of loans or other financial instruments guaranteed by the EU budget is not visible either. Furthermore, the balances do not capture the significant positive impact of the Single Market on jobs and growth in all Member States.