Why the EU supports nuclear fission research and innovation

Nuclear fission can harness large quantities of energy released to generate electricity for the benefit of society as a whole.

Nuclear science and technology has also other applications. For example, radiation is used extensively in medical diagnostic and therapeutic practices, x-rays, cancer radiotherapy or radioactive tracers.

Most radioisotopes and radio-pharmaceuticals are produced in nuclear reactors, which may also serve as research facilities.

What is the EU doing?

Nuclear technology in the EU has an outstanding safety record but research is still needed to

  • maintain a high level of safety in operating nuclear facilities, including the long-term management of associated radioactive waste
  • better understand the risks and hazards associated with the use of radiation in medicine and industry
  • develop and sustain nuclear expertise and excellence in the EU
  • assess risks of low and protracted exposure to ionising radiation, including in medical applications
  • sustain research infrastructures and education and training

Funding opportunities

  • Horizon 2020 - calls

    Calls for proposal related to energy themes in Horizon 2020. On this page you can find more information, the work programme and a link to the energy related calls.

  • Horizon 2020 - access to risk finance

    Gain easier access to debt and equity financing, such as InnovFin, managed by the European Investment Bank Group and European Investment Fund

  • Euratom

    The Euratom programme provides funding for nuclear fission research

  • Connecting Europe Facility - energy

    CEF energy funds and finances energy infrastructure projects

  • NER 300 programme

    Funding for innovative low-carbon technology research with focus on environmentally safe Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and innovative renewable energy technologies

  • LIFE+ Climate Action

    Co-financing for climate change mitigation and climate change adaptation research, supporting the transition to a low-carbon and climate-resilient economy

  • European structural and investment funds (ESIF)

    Energy research related calls may be found in these funds


    EU Programme for the Competitiveness of Enterprises and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (COSME) aims to make it easier for SMEs to access finance in all phases of their lifecycle

Collaboration and jobs

Projects and results

  • Research project database (CORDIS)

    The Commission's primary portal of EU-funded research projects and their results.

  • Project success stories

    Stories of particularly successful EU-funded projects

  • Horizon Magazine

    Latest news, interviews and features about thought-provoking science and innovative research projects funded by the EU.

  • Horizon 2020 dashboard

    Access to real-time programme data with the ability to filter by country, region, theme and more.

  • Horizon Results Platform

    Platform where framework programme participants present their results for you to search, contact their owners, and form partnerships.

  • Results packs on energy

    Thematic collections of innovative EU-funded research results in the energy field

Scientific publications, tools and databases


  • Research enquiry service

    You can contact the research enquiry service to find out more about research in Europe, the EU's research and innovation funding programmes as well as calls for proposals and project funding.  

  • National contact points

    The national contact points (NCP) network gives guidance and information on participating in Horizon 2020. NCPs are established in all EU countries and many non-EU countries.

  • Enterprise Europe Network

    The Enterprise Europe Network is the world’s largest support network for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with international ambitions. 

  • European IP Helpdesk

    Service that offers an intellectual property rights helpline, training and online library.

Related Commission departments