What are EU missions?
EU missions are commitments to solve some of the greatest challenges facing our world like fighting cancer, adapting to climate change, protecting our oceans, living in greener cities and ensuring soil health and food.
They are an integral part of the Horizon Europe framework programme beginning in 2021.
Each mission will operate as a portfolio of actions – such as research projects, policy measures or even legislative initiatives - to achieve a measurable goal that could not be achieved through individual actions.
EU missions will contribute to the goals of the European Green Deal, Europe’s Beating Cancer Plan as well as the Sustainable Development Goals.
A wide range of studies and reports informed this approach.
EU missions will
- be bold, inspirational and widely relevant to society
- be clearly framed: targeted, measurable and time-bound
- establish impact-driven but realistic goals
- mobilise resources on EU, national and local levels
- link activities across different disciplines and different types of research and innovation
- make it easier for citizens to understand the value of investments in research and innovation
Areas where there will be missions
- adaptation to climate change including societal transformation
- healthy oceans, seas coastal and inland waters
- climate-neutral and smart cities
- soil health and food
Making missions happen
Commission approach and mission management
In February 2021, mission managers were appointed in the European Commission to lead EU missions and be their public face.
Deputy Director-General at Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport (DG MOVE)
Deputy Director-General at Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (DG RTD)
Director at Directorate General for Maritime Affairs Fisheries (DG MARE)
Clara de la Torre
Deputy Director-General at Directorate General for Climate Action (DG CLIMA)
Director at Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development (DG AGRI)
The mission managers will work closely with the deputy mission managers, most of whom will be based in Directorate General for Research and Innovation: John Bell (Missions Climate and Oceans), Rosalinde Van der Vlies (Mission Cities), Peter Wehrheim (Mission Soil), and John F. Ryan (Mission Cancer) from Directorate General for Health and Food Safety.
5 mission boards were formed to help specify, design and implement missions for Horizon Europe. Their formation was the result of an open call for expressions of interest.
Each mission board consists of up to 15 experts coming from fields like innovation, business, science, civil society, communications and media.
Each mission area also has an assembly that gathers a larger number of high-level experts. The assemblies provide an additional pool of ideas, knowledge and expertise that will be actively called upon to contribute to the success of the missions.
The Commission engaged with citizens in a continuous process for the design, monitoring and assessment of the missions.
5 missions proposed by the mission boards
At the European Research & Innovation Days (22-24 September 2020), each mission board presented their proposals to the European Commission for possible EU missions.
The mission boards discussed with stakeholders as well as citizens, listening to their expectations and needs through a series of events across EU countries.
5 possible missions proposed by the mission boards:
Conquering Cancer: Mission Possible
Targets by 2030: more than 3 million more lives saved, living longer and better, achieve a thorough understanding of cancer, prevent what is preventable, optimise diagnosis and treatment, support the quality of life of all people exposed to cancer, and ensure equitable access to the above across Europe.
A Climate Resilient Europe - Prepare Europe for climate disruptions and accelerate the transformation to a climate resilient and just Europe by 2030
Targets by 2030: prepare Europe to deal with climate disruptions, accelerate the transition to a healthy and prosperous future within safe planetary boundaries and scale up solutions for resilience that will trigger transformations in society.
Mission Starfish 2030: Restore our Ocean and Waters
Targets by 2030: cleaning marine and fresh waters, restoring degraded ecosystems and habitats, decarbonising the blue economy in order to sustainably harness the essential goods and services they provide.
100 Climate-Neutral Cities by 2030 - by and for the citizens
Targets by 2030: support, promote and showcase 100 European cities in their systemic transformation towards climate neutrality by 2030 and turn these cities into innovation hubs for all cities, benefiting quality of life and sustainability in Europe.
Caring for Soil is Caring for Life
Targets by 2030: at least 75% of all soils in the EU are healthy for food, people, nature and climate. The proposed mission combines research and innovation, education and training, investments and the demonstration of good practices using “Living labs” (experiments and innovation in a laboratory on the ground) and “Lighthouses” (places to showcase good practices).
When will missions begin?
A preparatory phase began in November 2020, and will last a maximum of 12 months.
Plans with detailed actions, investment strategy and performance indicators will be developed during this phase.
At the end of it, missions will be assessed against a set of robust criteria. Once approved, missions will get fully up and running. Europeans will continue to be engaged throughout their implementation.
How to get involved
The Commission wants to co-create missions and Horizon Europe initiatives with citizens and stakeholders.
We need broad participation from the public to make sure missions are relevant and make a real difference. This feedback will affect how missions are designed and implemented.
People will be invited to
- participate in online discussions and polls on social media
- attend citizen events and specialised conferences to discuss the focus of missions
- participate in a range of other activities as the missions evolve
Throughout the summer of 2020, the Commission together with partners held 10 citizen engagement events to collect proposals from the public for the 5 EU missions. 2 sessions per mission were organised in 10 different European countries. Citizens could also upload their ideas on a digital platform.
The reports summarise these contributions, which fed into Mission Board reports presented in September 2020.
Follow our social media below to stay up-to-date and find opportunities to participate as missions evolve over the coming years.