To facilitate access of UK nationals to information about national residence schemes and support available measures, the European Commission put together key information from available sources.

As the situation may evolve, UK nationals are advised to check with the relevant national authorities who are the first contact point for UK nationals and who can directly assist them. The European Commission will continue to update the information on this webpage with the latest input from the EU Member States.

Austria - Belgium - Bulgaria - Croatia - Cyprus - Czechia - Denmark - Estonia - Finland - France - Germany - Greece - Hungary - Ireland - Italy - Latvia - Lithuania - Luxembourg - Malta - Netherlands - Poland - Portugal - Romania - Slovakia - Slovenia - Spain - Sweden

Austria

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Austria before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Austria.

Type of residence scheme: constitutive

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Austria in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, must apply for a new residence status. Failure to apply in time may lead to a loss of any entitlement under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Deadline to apply: 31 December 2021

Application process:

The new residence scheme opened on 1 January 2021.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members are entitled to apply for a new residence status (residence permit "Art 50 EUV") with the competent Settlement and Residence authority in Austria. In addition to a valid identity document, further documents as provided in the Withdrawal Agreement have to be submitted with the application. The application is to be made in person.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members will have until 31 December 2021 to apply for their new residence status.

Available assistance:

To improve implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement, national authorities are providing on-going training to local authorities in all provinces. All persons, in particular vulnerable United Kingdom nationals, will be assisted in making the application by the authorities. Where necessary, the authorities must assist with evidence and supporting documents and advise how the procedure can be accelerated. In most cases only one trip to the authority will be required, as the residence permit will then be mailed to the beneficiary.

The Austrian authorities operate Brexit hotline (phone +43 (0) 800 222 666 and e-mail service@bka.gv.at).

Statistical data:

The Austrian authorities estimate that there are around 11 500 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 28 February 2021, 3 100 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Austrian residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 1 700 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in Austria but live elsewhere can find more information about Austrian laws at https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung.wxe?Abfrage=Bundesnormen&Gesetzesnummer=10008365.

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://www.bundeskanzleramt.gv.at/en/topics/brexit/residency-and-access-to-the-labour-market.html.

Where to find more information:

Belgium

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Belgium before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Belgium.

Type of residence scheme: constitutive

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Belgium in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, must apply for a new residence status. Failure to apply in time may lead to a loss of any entitlement under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Deadline to apply: 31 December 2021

Application process:

The new residence scheme opened on 1 January 2021.

After examination of the conditions, United Kingdom nationals and their family members will receive their new residence document from the municipality. Those who were not yet registered will be able to apply for a residence document or local border traffic card, for frontier workers, for beneficiaries of the Withdrawal Agreement at the local municipality and they will receive their new document after the Immigration Office examines compliance with the conditions.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members will have until 31 December 2021 to apply for their new residence status.

Available assistance:

The Belgian authorities provide training to local municipalities, which are the first point of contact in Belgium for United Kingdom nationals, including vulnerable groups, and are making sure that they are well informed about the new procedures in place. Belgium specifically chose to carry out a targeted communication by letter which enables an outreach to vulnerable groups and which personally informs them about the procedure. They can rely on the Immigration Office whenever they have a problem.

If necessary, assistance will be provided for via e-mail (infodesk@ibz.fgov.be) or by phone (+3227938000). The Belgian authorities also reach out to external partners that assist foreigners and provide training.

Statistical data:

The Belgian authorities estimate that there are around 22 400 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 16 April 2021, 900 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Belgian residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in Belgium but live elsewhere can find more information about Belgian laws at http://www.ejustice.just.fgov.be/eli/wet/2020/12/16/2020044448/justel and http://www.ejustice.just.fgov.be/eli/besluit/2020/12/24/2020044668/justel.

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://dofi.ibz.be/sites/dvzoe/EN/Application-guides/Pages/Brexit-20.aspx.

Where to find more information:

Bulgaria

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Bulgaria before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Bulgaria.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Bulgaria in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Application process:

The new residence scheme opened on 1 February 2020 and issuance of the new residence documents started in the beginning of July.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members falling under the Withdrawal Agreement maintain their rights of residence under the legislation applicable to the EU citizens. Those who hold valid Bulgarian residence documents can use them up to one year after the end of the transition period or the expiry date of their documents – whichever comes first.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members arriving during the transition period have to submit an application in order to be issued a document under the Withdrawal Agreement within three months from arrival.

Legislation, adopted for the state of emergency due the COVID-19 pandemic extended the validity of the documents under the EU Free Movement Directive (including those issued to United Kingdom nationals and their family members) that expire between 13 March 2020 and 31 January 2021 by 6 months.

Available assistance:

United Kingdom nationals may submit questions and receive assistance by contacting the Migration Directorate of the Ministry of Interior by e-mail at migration@mvr.bg. The Bulgarian authorities also reply to specific questions of United Kingdom nationals forwarded by the British Embassy.

Where United Kingdom nationals cannot visit the national authorities in person due to illness, disability or other reasons, they can request that an official comes to their home, hospital or other institution.

Migration officers were trained at specialized Brexit workshop and receive regular follow-up guidance on how to assist United Kingdom nationals.

Statistical data:

The Bulgarian authorities estimate that there are around 10 000 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 17 March 2021, 4 800 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Bulgarian residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 7 000 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://www.mvr.bg/en/about-the-ministry/brexit/information-about-brexit.

Where to find more information:

Croatia

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Croatia before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Croatia.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Croatia in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Application process:

As of 1 January 2021, Croatia is applying declaratory residence scheme for United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who are Withdrawal Agreement beneficiaries.

Legislative changes were made to implement the Withdrawal Agreement. Act on the amendments to the Act on Nationals of Member States of the European Economic Area was adopted by the Croatian Parliament on 15 December 2020 and it entered into force on 1 January 2021. Amendments to the Ordinance on EEA nationals and their family members (Official Gazette, No 143/20) came into force on 1 January 2021.

The declaratory scheme is accompanied with registration requirement for all the beneficiaries of the Withdrawal Agreement. Registration can be done at the competent police administrations or police stations according to the location of stay that, starting from 1 January 2021, issue residence documents confirming that status. New residence documents are issued in the format provided for by the relevant Commission Implementing Decision and include statement that they have been issued in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement.

Available assistance:

Vulnerable United Kingdom nationals will be assisted by local immigration staff (in police administrations or police stations) either by phone or e-mail (available on the Ministry of Interior’s website dedicated to Brexit) in order to correctly submit their applications.

Vulnerable United Kingdom nationals who cannot visit the competent authorities in person due to medical reasons are able to submit their applications via third parties (such as lawyers, family members of the same household or officials of homes for elderly) or by post. As with collection of biometric data, and when needed, home visits can be arranged upon appointment. They can also seek assistance from the Ministry of Interior by phone (+01 385 3788563) or contact website.

Statistical data:

The Croatian authorities estimate that there are around 1 100 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 31 March 2021, 184 United Kingdom nationals were granted their new Croatian residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in Croatia but live elsewhere can find more information about Croatian laws at https://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/2020_12_144_2767.html and https://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/2020_12_148_2905.html.

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://mup.gov.hr/vijesti/information-concerning-the-future-relations-between-the-united-kingdom-and-the-european-union/283273.

Where to find more information:

Cyprus

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Cyprus before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Cyprus.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Cyprus in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Application process:

Following the amendment of the National law of Free Movement N.193(I)/2020, for implementing the Withdrawal Agreement under Article 18(4) of the Withdrawal Agreement and the EU Free Movement Directive, the new residence scheme for United Kingdom nationals and their family members operates as of 1 January 2021. The online application process didn’t start until now (end of April 2021), due to the small number of the new application submitted so far, but yet it is scheduled to be operating soon.

Cyprus is not requiring eligible United Kingdom nationals and their UK family members to replace their residence documents issued under the EU Free Movement Directive, where those documents can be used as means of proof of their right to stay in the Republic of Cyprus, although for the family members who are third country nationals and their residence permit has an expiration date, the requirement is mandatory before their residence permit expires.

Beneficiaries of the Withdrawal Agreement have the right to apply for the new type of residence document based on Article 18(4) of the Withdrawal Agreement as of 1 January 2021 with no deadline. United Kingdom nationals and their family members can submit their application at the Local Immigration Offices and at the Civil Registry and Migration Department by booking an appointment. Those who hold a valid residence permit issued under the EU Free Movement Directive will only need to submit a valid passport as proof of identity in their new application for the beneficiaries of the Withdrawal Agreement.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members who have not obtained a residence document under EU law before the end of the transition period, they are entitled to apply for the new residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and will have to submit documentary evidence of their residence in Cyprus prior to the end of the transition period. The new document is issued under the uniform format with a reference that is issued under Article 18(4) of the Withdrawal Agreement.

Available assistance:

The Cypriot authorities continue to work closely with the British High Commission and the UK NGOs to help vulnerable United Kingdom nationals complete their applications and apply on their behalf. The UK NGOs have been awarded grant-funding by the UK Government.

United Kingdom nationals needing assistance with applications can contact Brexit@crmd.moi.gov.cy or ehadjigeorgiou@crmd.moi.gov.cy. They can also find more about online applications at eas.crmd.moi.gov.cy that will be operational soon and can be contacted by phone at 00357-22308655 at Civil Registry and Migration Department. NGOs can be contacted by phone (CRPG at 00357- 99749531 and SSAFA at 00357-99556916) or e-mail (ops@cyprus-crpg.org and tina.graham@cyprus.ssafa.org.uk).

Statistical data:

The Cypriot authorities estimate that there are around 38 500 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 7 April 2021, 900 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Cypriot residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 351 were granted it.

Where to find more information:

Czechia

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Czechia before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Czechia.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Czechia in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Application process:

The new residence scheme opened on 1 February 2020.

Lawfully residing United Kingdom nationals and their family members continue to reside in Czechia with their existing residence documents and with the same rights as they had before the transition period. They can submit their applications for residence documents issued under the Withdrawal Agreement as from 1 February 2020. Applicants need to fill in an appropriate form and prove that they are no threat to public policy or public security and present required supporting documents.

Temporary residence documents are issued promptly. From 2021 to 2022, temporary residence documents will be replaced with biometric residence documents.

Available assistance:

The public can find a wide range of information on www.brexitinfo.cz. It also provides links to individual institutions and refers to phone line Eurofon ((+420) 800 200 200).

Two other contact points can assist companies - Green Line for Export ((+420) 800 133 331) and Client Center for Export ((+420) 224 907 820). The Ministry of Interior runs a hotline for foreigners (phone (+420) 974 820 680 and e-mail opu@mvcr.cz).

Statistical data:

The Czech authorities estimate that there are around 9 300 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 31 January 2021, 1 700 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Czech residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 1 300 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://www.mpsv.cz/documents/625317/625915/BREXIT-summary_information_on_implementation_of_the_Withdrawal_Agreement.pdf.

Where to find more information:

Denmark

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Denmark before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Denmark.

Type of residence scheme: constitutive

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Denmark in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, must apply for a new residence status. Failure to apply in time may lead to a loss of any entitlement under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Deadline to apply: 31 December 2021

Application process:

The application procedure for obtaining a new residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement has been available as of 1 January 2021.

Applications can be submitted online or handed in on a paper form at the service centres of the Danish Agency for International Recruitment and Integration, where biometric data for the residence document will be recorded, and further guidance to applicants is given.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members will have until 31 December 2021 to apply for their new residence status.

Available assistance:

The Danish authorities established a specific Brexit mailbox for written enquiries (brexit@uim.dk) and a contact form at https://www.nyidanmark.dk/da/Kontakt-os/Kontakt-SIRI/Kontaktformular. Moreover, dedicated hotlines (+45 72 14 20 05 and +45 61 98 40 00) were established where United Kingdom nationals can reach immigration authorities during specific time slots with enquiries and obtain information on the new application process.

As regards vulnerable United Kingdom nationals, the Danish Agency for International Recruitment and Integration provides assistance and guidance at their facilities (placed in different parts of the country). Vulnerable applicants can submit their applications on paper.

Statistical data:

The Danish authorities estimate that there are around 19 000 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 29 March 2021, 3 400 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Danish residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 1 500 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in Denmark but live elsewhere can find more information about Danish laws at https://www.retsinformation.dk/eli/lta/2020/1700.

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://nyidanmark.dk/en-GB/Applying/Brexit/Cross-border%20worker?anchor=canyouapply.

Where to find more information:

Estonia

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Estonia before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Estonia.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Estonia in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Application process:

The new residence scheme was opened in December 2020.

The new residence status is granted automatically by law adopted in 2019. United Kingdom nationals and their family members residing in Estonia will need to request a change of current document for the new residence document.

There are no deadline for exchange of current documents and they can reside and use current residence documents within Estonia up to the end of the date of validity. In case of travel, they will need to exchange their documents for the new residence document.

All Police and Border Guard service centres are open and the current document can be exchanged for a new residence card. An application for the exchange of documents can also be submitted at Estonian embassies.

Available assistance:

United Kingdom nationals and family members unable to visit the Police and Border Guard Service Centres may turn through a representative, social worker or ask help directly from Police and Border Guard. They can turn directly to the service centre or ask for a home visit in order to submit relevant application, obtain biometric data or take a photo.

In addition, the Police and Border Guard Board and consular officers have the right to exempt a person from payment of the state fees or to reduce the state fee rate based on the economic situation of the person or on the reasoned request of a state or local government agency.

All residents in Estonia may ask information about application of residence documents directly using ID helpline: +372 666 8888. It is also possible to ask for advice on residence issues directly from migration advisers using phone + 372 612 3500 or sending questions by e-mail: migrationadvisers@politsei.ee, booking an appointment with advisors, etc.

Statistical data:

The Estonian authorities estimate that there are around 1 500 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 31 March 2021, 172 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Estonian residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 161 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://www.siseministeerium.ee/en/activities/citizenship-and-migration/united-kingdom-withdrew-european-union.

Where to find more information:

Finland

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Finland before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Finland.

Type of residence scheme: constitutive

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Finland in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, must apply for a new residence status. Failure to apply in time may lead to a loss of any entitlement under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Deadline to apply: 30 September 2021

Application process:

If United Kingdom nationals and their family members wish to continue residing in Finland after the end of the transition period, they may apply for either a right of residence or right of permanent residence under the Withdrawal Agreement. The enacting legislation entered into force on 1 October 2020. Applications are now accepted via the online system where one can book an appointment to apply for a right of residence or right of permanent residence under the Withdrawal Agreement. The Finnish Immigration Service also announced the processing fees in September.

The applications may be submitted either electronically through Enter Finland online service or using a paper form.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members will have until 30 September 2021 to apply for their new residence status.

Available assistance:

United Kingdom nationals can ask local social authorities for support and they can contact Migri by phone (0295 419 600) or e-mail (migri@migri.fi). Migri also runs a subject-specific service number (0295 419 629) for EU matters that also provides with assistance in Brexit-related questions.

All customers visiting Migri’s service point to submit their application get personal assistance and a 30 minutes appointment with Migri’s official. Customers can also get personal assistance while visiting an application centre of an external service provider. Migri has published “an application finder” in its website that will guide customers in choosing the correct application form in their specific situation. Migri has published a newsletter aimed and intended for partners who offer guidance e.g. to vulnerable persons to inform all United Kingdom nationals to apply for residence status.

Migri has also contacted Criminal Sanctions Agency and will inform all United Kingdom nationals in their care about their need to apply for residence status.

Statistical data:

The Finnish authorities estimate that there are around 5 000 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 13 April 2021, 2 800 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Finnish residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 1 000 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in Finland but live elsewhere can find more information about Finnish laws at https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/HallituksenEsitys/Sivut/HE_96+2020.aspx.

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://migri.fi/en/brexit/en and https://migri.fi/en/frequently-asked-questions.

Where to find more information:

France

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in France before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in France.

Type of residence scheme: constitutive

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in France in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, must apply for a new residence status. Failure to apply in time may lead to a loss of any entitlement under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Deadline to apply: 30 June 2021

Application process:

United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in France before 31 December 2020 have to apply for Withdrawal Agreement residence documents via a website that was opened on 19 October 2020. A decree published on 19 November 2020 details the relevant provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement. An order of 20 November 2020 sets the list of documents to be provided. United Kingdom nationals and their family members need to upload a scan of their passport as well as one or several additional documents depending on their situation. After filling out the administrative information and uploading documents, a certificate of application is sent by e-mail. Once the file has been processed, an e-mail is sent to the applicant in order to make an appointment at the prefecture to finalize the request (fingerprinting and photography). Finally, the residence document is sent to home address.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members will have until 30 June 2021 to apply for their new residence status.

Available assistance:

The process for the residence document application has been designed in order to avoid at the maximum the necessity to come to the prefecture, which will be helpful for elderly people, those residing far away or physically disabled. A maximum of one trip to the prefecture will be necessary, because the residence document will be sent directly to the home address. People who do not have an easy access to new online technologies will find at their disposal computers in prefecture, with free access or with the help of a guide.

These measures are complemented by assistance provided by four organizations appointed by the UK Government that work in partnership with the prefectures to provide specific support to vulnerable people.

In general, United Kingdom nationals can ask for assistance at contact-demandeenligne-brexit-dgef@interieur.gouv.fr or https://www.interieur.gouv.fr/Contact/Brexit-Ecrire-au-ministere-de-l-Interieur.

Statistical data:

The French authorities estimate that there are around 148 300 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 15 April 2021, 122 800 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new French residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 73 700 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in France but live elsewhere can find more information about French laws at https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/jorf/id/JORFTEXT000042538704.

They can request their frontier worker document from the ‘’préfecture’’ of the place where their activity takes place.

Where to find more information:

Germany

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Germany before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Germany.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Germany in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Application process:

As the legal provisions regarding the new residence scheme went into force on 24 November 2020, authorities are ready to accept submissions of the required notifications of the residence of United Kingdom nationals and their family members as of now, while some authorities had enabled such notifications even earlier. Depending on the authority, processing of the notifications had already started in January at the latest.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members will obtain the right to stay in Germany under the Withdrawal Agreement by operation of law. Those without an already issued residence document will have to notify their presence until 30 June 2021. The respective residence document will be issued by the authorities without application, however, the persons are obliged to provide the required biometrics and travel document, as well as the information required for the assessment of the existence of the right. Documents in card format will be issued not before 1 January 2021.

Frontier workers will have to apply for the respective residence document. Preliminary documents (issued until the residence document is ready) can be obtained upon application, in particular to facilitate travel within the Schengen area.

Available assistance:

The German authorities adopted national guidelines for the implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement to ensure uniform and correct implementation of the rules. The laws and the national guidelines for the implementation are designed in a manner that it allows the authorities to operate procedures in a manner reducing administrative burden for the persons concerned to a minimum.

In addition to support provided by the International Organisation for Migration (phone +49 (0)30 206066111, e-mail UKNationalsDE@iom.int) and SSAFA (phone 0800 731 4880, e-mail germany.branch@ssafa.org.uk) funded by using the UK Nationals Support Fund, the German authorities must provide information on the rights and obligations of the persons concerned in the administrative procedure.

Where necessary, the authorities must assist with evidence and supporting documents and advise how the procedure can be accelerated. The official information provided on the internet on the issue by the federal government is technically designed in a manner that it is thoroughly accessible by the impaired. All institutions, mainly local, which provide assistance to vulnerable persons in all matters of daily life can also assist vulnerable United Kingdom nationals.

Statistical data:

The German authorities estimate that there are around 100 000 resident United Kingdom nationals.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in Germany but live elsewhere can find more information about German laws at https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/freiz_gg_eu_2004/__16.html, https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/aufenthv/anlage_d14a.html, https://www.bgbl.de/xaver/bgbl/start.xav?startbk=Bundesanzeiger_BGBl&start=//*[@attr_id=%27bgbl120s2416.pdf%27]#__bgbl__%2F%2F*%5B.

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://www.bmi.bund.de/SharedDocs/faqs/EN/topics/constitution/brexit/how-am-i-affected-by-this/not-living-in-germany-on-dec-31-but-commute-to-work.html.

Where to find more information:

Greece

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Greece before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Greece.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Greece in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Application process:

A Joint Ministerial Decision on the implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement regarding the issuance of the residence document under Article 18 (4) of the Withdrawal Agreement was published on 19 October 2020.The new residence scheme opened on 1 January 2021. United Kingdom nationals and their family members have the right to apply for the new residence document according to the conditions set out in the EU Free Movement Directive. An indicative administrative application deadline is set for 30 June 2021.

The registration for United Kingdom nationals is optional, while for family members of UK citizens, who are third country nationals, is mandatory. United Kingdom nationals apply in person at the competent police authorities handling foreigners’ issues of the place of their residence, while family members of United Kingdom nationals, who are non-EU or non-United Kingdom nationals, apply at the competent Foreigners and Migration authorities of the decentralized Administration of their place of residence.

The residence documents that have been issued under the EU Free Movement Directive can be used as proof of the previous status of United Kingdom nationals and their family members when they prove their residence status under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Available assistance:

The Greek authorities adopted national guidelines for the implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement to ensure uniform and correct implementation of the rules. The guidelines are addressed both to national authorities and the general public. Vulnerable United Kingdom nationals who cannot visit the competent authorities in person will be visited by police officers to assist with the application and collection of biometric data.

Furthermore, their family members or lawyers can apply on their behalf. United Kingdom nationals seeking assistance can contact either the local police authority or the headquarters of the Hellenic Police (Aliens Division) via e-mail (ad_omg.bu1@astynomia.gr) or by phone ((+30)213 152 0132 or 213 152 0427) for assistance or advice. For assistance on family members who are third-country nationals, persons concerned can contact the Migration Policy Division via e-mail (info_brexit@migration.gov.gr) or by phone ((+30) 213 212 8910). The Ministry of Foreign Affairs also operates its helpline ((+30) 2103684141).

In addition, United Kingdom nationals receive personal, customized replies to their questions according to their specific circumstances, from the competent authorities (questions are disseminated to the relevant competent ministries) though the online contact form (in Greek and English) of the Greek BREXIT website.

Statistical data:

The Greek authorities estimate that there are around 28 000 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 16 April 2021, 6 500 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Greek residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 6 300 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://ypergasias.gov.gr/brexit/.

Where to find more information:

Hungary

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Hungary before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Hungary.

Type of residence scheme: constitutive

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Hungary in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, must apply for a new residence status. Failure to apply in time may lead to a loss of any entitlement under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Deadline to apply: 31 December 2021

Application process:

EU citizens are obliged to register their residence with the relevant Hungarian authority. This requirement continues to apply for United Kingdom nationals and their family members during the transition period. Act CXLI of 2020 on Act on the right of residence of the citizens of the United Kingdom and their family members in view of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union modified the Act I of 2007 on the entry and residence of persons with the right of free movement and residence, a new chapter has been adopted. According to the new regulation, the beneficiaries of the Withdrawal Agreement have to apply for the new residence status.

The new residence scheme opened on 1 January 2021 and the application period is envisaged to last until 31 December 2021.

Available assistance:

Informative series of events also ensured the possibility to enquire about special situations. United Kingdom nationals seeking assistance may contact the immigration authority via call centre (+36 1 463 9292) or by sending enquiry through the website. Email-boxes or phone numbers of central and regional offices are also published. Client services provide assistance and guidance in person upon online appointment booking. Filing in applications is both possible in person and digitally.

Statistical data:

The Hungarian authorities estimate that there are around 5 800 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 6 April 2021, 800 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Hungarian residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 700 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in Hungary but live elsewhere can find more information about Hungarian laws at https://uj.njt.hu/jogszabaly/2020-141-00-00.0 and https://uj.njt.hu/jogszabaly/2020-636-20-22.0.

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at http://bevandorlas.hu/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=1627:information-on-brexit-for-citizens-of-the-united-kingdom-and-their-third-country-national-family-members&lang=en and http://bevandorlas.hu/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=1630:informatio.

Where to find more information:

Ireland

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Ireland before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Ireland.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Ireland in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Application process:

Under the Common Travel Area (CTA) arrangement between Ireland and the UK, United Kingdom nationals can move freely and reside in Ireland, and are afforded a number of associated rights and privileges, including access to employment, healthcare, education, social benefits and the right to vote in certain elections, without any requirement to obtain permission. United Kingdom nationals are specifically exempt from 'non-national' status under Irish law. Commitment to the CTA was reaffirmed by Ireland and the UK with a Memorandum of Understanding in May 2019. The CTA was also recognised in the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland. While there is no necessity for a UK national resident in Ireland to apply for a residence document, a residence document can be issued to those seeking to document rights under the Withdrawal Agreement.

The application procedure for obtaining a new residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement will be available from 1 January 2021 until 31 December 2021 for non-UK family members who hold a residence document issued under the EU Free Movement Directive. Applications can be submitted online via the online registration renewal service which will process the new resident document application centrally. The applicant will need to upload a scanned copy of their passport as well as one or several additional documents depending on their situation. After completing the administrative information and uploading documents, a certificate of application will be sent by e-mail. Once the application has been processed, the residence document will be sent to the applicant’s address of residence in the State.

The application procedure for United Kingdom nationals obtaining the new residence document will be available from 1 January 2021 and will remain open-ended. Applications will be in a paper form at the local registration offices of the Immigration Service where biometric data for the residence document will be recorded. The applicant must also produce a valid passport as well as documentation evidencing residence and exercise of rights under the Withdrawal Agreement. Once the application has been processed, the residence document will be sent to the applicant’s address of residence in the State.

Available assistance:

Assistance and advice on residence rights is provided by dedicated mailboxes at eutreatyrights@justice.ie and burghquayregoffice@justice.ie.

Statistical data:

The Irish authorities estimate that there are around 115 000 resident United Kingdom nationals.

Additional information for frontier workers:

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at http://www.inis.gov.ie/en/INIS/Impact-of-Brexit-on-UK-Nationals-and-their-non-EEA-family-members-residing-in-Ireland-FAQ's.pdf/Files/Impact-of-Brexit-on-UK-Nationals-and-their-non-EEA-family-members-residing-in-Ireland-FAQ's.pdf.

Where to find more information:

Italy

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Italy before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Italy.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Italy in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Deadline to apply:

Application process:

The new residence scheme opened on 1 February 2020.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members should have informed their municipality of residence (comune) of their presence before the end of the transition period and followed the existing rules for EU citizens in Italy (the EU Free Movement Directive, as transposed in Italy by the Legislative Decree n. 30 of 6 February 2007). Pending the implementation of the relevant Commission Implementing Decision, they have received a certificate of inscription in the population register of the municipality (attestazione anagrafica).

Starting from 1 January 2021, UK citizens and their family members, who are registered in the Italian population register at 31 December 2020, can apply for the issue of the new residence document at the competent police office of the province of residence by submitting a certificate of personal registration, issued by the Municipality of residence, which proves registration by 31 December 2020 or, alternatively, self-certification of being registered in the population register by 31 December 2020 and that registration has not been subsequently cancelled. Issuing of the new document has started and specific detailed guidance (administrative circular) has been prepared for the provincial police offices (Questura) in charge of the issuing of the new document.

United Kingdom nationals who are not yet registered in the registry by 31 December 2020, but who can prove, with suitable documentation showing their legal stay in the Italian territory on or before 31 December 2020 (e.g. employment contract, certificate of enrolment in a course of study) may in any case apply for the electronic residence document at the Police Headquarters of the province of residence.

Available assistance:

The Italian Ministry of Interior has adopted administrative circulars for the implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement addressed to local authorities to ensure uniform and correct implementation of the procedures related to the issue of the certificate of inscription in the population register of the competent municipality of the United Kingdom nationals residing in Italy and their family members.

Since 1 January 2021, the competent police offices have facilitated, for United Kingdom nationals and their family members, the setting of appointments to issue the new residence document.

Statistical data:

The Italian authorities estimate that there are around 32 800 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 19 April 2021, 5 300 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Italian residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 3 500 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://www.interno.gov.it/sites/default/files/2020-12/vademecum_brexit_en.pdf.

Where to find more information:

Latvia

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Latvia before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Latvia.

Type of residence scheme: constitutive

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Latvia in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, must apply for a new residence status. Failure to apply in time may lead to a loss of any entitlement under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Deadline to apply: 30 June 2021

Application process:

The new residence scheme opened on 1 October 2020.

To get the new status United Kingdom nationals and their family members will have to submit an application and copy of travel documents to the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs. Applications and copies of travel documents can be sent either by post or courier service, or submitted electronically with the secure electronic signature affixed. Application should be filled in for each person separately. Where an application is submitted electronically, the applicant will receive a confirmation of receipt holding a statement that the application will be reviewed within 30 days. The issuance of new residence permits will commence on 4 January 2021.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members will have until 30 June 2021 to apply for their new residence status.

Available assistance:

United Kingdom nationals, including vulnerable person, can ask for information and assistance by phone (+371 67209400) or e-mail (pmlp@pmlp.gov.lv). The Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs ensures the delivery of identity documents (residence cards) at the place of residence of a person or in a social care institution, if a person is unable to visit the Office due to a health condition.

Statistical data:

The Latvian authorities estimate that there are around 1 200 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 31 March 2021, 421 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Latvian residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 320 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://www.pmlp.gov.lv/en/information-brexit.

Where to find more information:

Lithuania

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Lithuania before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Lithuania.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Lithuania in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Application process:

The new residence scheme opened as expected on 1 January 2021.

New residence status is granted automatically by law. There is no deadline for exchange of current documents issued under the EU Free Movement Directive and United Kingdom nationals can reside and use current residence documents up to the end of the date of validity. In case of travel abroad, they need to exchange their documents for the new residence document.

Family members (non-EU or United Kingdom nationals) of United Kingdom nationals were required to apply for a new document in three months after 1 January 2021 (before 1 April 2021).

Available assistance:

Vulnerable United Kingdom nationals unable to visit the Migration Department can order mobile visiting service by phone. United Kingdom nationals can book a consultation with the Migration Department and ask for information by phone (8 707 67000, or +370 5 271 7112 when calling from abroad) or by e-mail to info@migracija.gov.lt.

Statistical data:

The Lithuanian authorities estimate that there are around 700 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 8 April 2021, 140 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Lithuanian residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 112 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://www.migracija.lt/brexit.

Where to find more information:

Luxembourg

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Luxembourg before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Luxembourg.

Type of residence scheme: constitutive

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Luxembourg in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, must apply for a new residence status. Failure to apply in time may lead to a loss of any entitlement under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Deadline to apply: 30 June 2021

Application process:

The new residence scheme opened on 1 July 2020.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members can apply by submitting an application form with a copy of their travel document. A certificate of application is issued immediately after reception of the application and sent to the applicants. The Immigration Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs assesses the residence situation of the applicants. If applicants are considered to fall within the scope of the Withdrawal Agreement, they receive a letter confirming their status and inviting them to fulfil the steps required for the issuance of the residence document (biometric data collection).

United Kingdom nationals and their family members will have until 30 June 2021 to apply for their new residence status.

Available assistance:

Several Luxembourgish authorities set up specific contact phone numbers and contact e-mails to provide information in guidance to United Kingdom nationals and their family members. More specifically, with regard to the Immigration Directorate, a contact e-mail was put in place (brexit.immigration@mae.etat.lu) and information over phone is also available (+352 247-84040).

Statistical data:

The Luxembourgish authorities estimate that there are around 5 300 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 13 April 2021, 3 600 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Luxembourgish residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 2 900 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in Luxembourg but live elsewhere can find more information about Luxembourgish laws at http://legilux.public.lu/eli/etat/leg/loi/2019/04/08/a242/jo.

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://guichet.public.lu/en/citoyens/immigration/plus-3-mois/ressortissant-britannique/document-ressortissant-britannique-droits-travailleur-frontalier.html.

Where to find more information:

Malta

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Malta before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Malta.

Type of residence scheme: constitutive

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Malta in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, must apply for a new residence status. Failure to apply in time may lead to a loss of any entitlement under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Deadline to apply: 30 June 2021

Application process:

The new residence scheme opened on 17 February 2020.

The application process is staggered according to the place of residence of the United Kingdom nationals for those already residing in Malta. Persons arriving during the transition period may submit the application after three months of residence in Malta. All applicants are required to declare criminal convictions. The existing document will continue to be valid until the residence document in the new EU harmonised format is issued.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members will have until 30 June 2021 to apply for their new residence status.

Available assistance:

Vulnerable United Kingdom nationals have priority when attending their appointments and third parties can submit residence application on behalf of housebound persons. UK national can seek assistance on phone (+356 25904800 for Malta and +356 22156122 for Gozo) or by e-mail (Brexit.ima@gov.mt for Malta or eresidence-brexit.mgoz@gov.mt for Gozo).

Statistical data:

The Maltese authorities estimate that there are around 13 600 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 19 April 2021, 8 300 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Maltese residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 5 000 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://identitymalta.com/uk-nationals-residence-status-following-brexit/.

Where to find more information:

Netherlands

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Netherlands before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Netherlands.

Type of residence scheme: constitutive

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Netherlands in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, must apply for a new residence status. Failure to apply in time may lead to a loss of any entitlement under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Deadline to apply: 1 October 2021

Application process:

The residence scheme opened on 1 February 2020.

Applicants are guided through an easy to use interface and will have to upload documents that serve as a proof of their situation (a contract of employment for employees, extract from the Chamber of Commerce for self-employed entrepreneurs, a proof of sufficient resources for inactive people, a registration at the educational institution for students …), in addition to a digital copy of their passport. A paper application form is available for those who can’t apply online. After the application has been received, the applicant will receive a certificate of application. Upon receiving this document, the applicant is invited to make an appointment to register the biometrics. The Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND) will inform the applicant about the decision and the residence document will be provided.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members are able to apply for their new residence status until 30 June 2021.

Available assistance:

In case an applicant needs help, the dedicated Brexit phone line at IND stands ready to assist. United Kingdom nationals can call the Brexit line (+31 (0)88 04 30410) all working days to seek information about the rights of residence after the Brexit and about how to submit the residence application.

The Dutch authorities made available a paper application for applicants who struggle with submitting their applications digitally. For United Kingdom nationals over the age of 70 the IND has made extra efforts for assistance.

In October 2020 the IND has started to call all United Kingdom nationals in this age group and in February 2021 the IND has sent a postcard and a letter to their home address. The card was signed personally by two dedicated IND Brexit employees. Using this postcard the IND has invited this age group to contact the IND Brexit employees if they have questions or need help with their residence application.

Statistical data:

The Dutch authorities estimate that there are around 45 000 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 31 March 2021, 36 700 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Dutch residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 36 200 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in Netherlands but live elsewhere can find more information about Dutch laws at https://wetten.overheid.nl/BWBR0012289/2020-10-01#Circulaire.divisieB13_Circulaire.divisie4.

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://ind.nl/Paginas/Grensarbeiders-na-Brexit.aspx#1a and https://ind.nl/en/Pages/Questions-and-answers-Brexit-with-a-deal.aspx#Frontier_workers_under_the_WA.

Where to find more information:

Poland

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Poland before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Poland.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Poland in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Application process:

The new residence scheme implementing Article 18(4) of the Withdrawal Agreement opened on 1 January 2021.

There is no obligation for United Kingdom nationals and their family members to obtain a new residence status and residence document as a condition for legal residence in Poland under the Withdrawal Agreement. Persons qualifying for residence rights under the Withdrawal Agreement are receiving, upon application, a residence document of the same kind as those issued under the EU Free Movement Directive with a statement that these documents had been issued in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement. A certificate of application is being issued. The residence documents are being issued in a new uniform format and do not bear a reference to EU citizen or the EU Free Movement Directive.

Residence documents granted before the end of transition period remain valid until 31 December 2021 at the latest.

Available assistance:

The Polish authorities dealing with the issuance of residence documents will assist United Kingdom nationals with special needs who may also be exempted from the requirement to apply in person. The Polish authorities established a dedicated Brexit questions mailbox (https://www.brexit.gov.pl/przedsiebiorca/zapytaj-eksperta) where one can ask any Brexit related questions.

The UK Government has provided grant funding to the International Organisation for Migration, who also provides support with the application process (contact by phone 224902044 or e-mail at UKnationalsPL@iom.int).

Statistical data:

The Polish authorities estimate that there are around 6 500 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 12 April 2021, 1 500 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Polish residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 500 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in Poland but live elsewhere can find more information about Polish laws at https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/DocDetails.xsp?id=WDU20200002369.

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://udsc.gov.pl/cudzoziemcy/brexit/, https://udsc.gov.pl/en/cudzoziemcy/brexit/rules-of-stay-of-british-citizens-in-poland-after-brexit/after-the-end-of-the-transition-period/ and https://udsc.gov.pl/en/cudzoziemcy/brexit/lists-of-documents-attached-t.

Where to find more information:

Portugal

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Portugal before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Portugal.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Portugal in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Application process:

United Kingdom nationals residing in Portugal must apply for the new residence document through an online platform (Brexit Portal) which started operating on 3 December 2020.

Once the registration on the Brexit Portal is completed, the applicant receives a digital document in the form of a QR code that can be downloaded and printed. SEF (Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras) will then set an appointment for the UK national to provide his/her biometric data for the issuance of the new residency card. In order to register on the Brexit Portal, United Kingdom nationals residing in Portugal must be in possession of a registration certificate which could be obtained at the local town hall until 31 December 2020.

United Kingdom nationals who do not have such registration certificate must send all the documentation that proves they are beneficiaries of the Withdrawal Agreement to brexit@sef.pt in order to also receive an appointment with SEF.

Available assistance:

United Kingdom nationals seeking assistance or information can contact Brexit line by calling +351217115045 or by sending an e-mail to brexit@sef.pt. More information is available on the Brexit Portal https://brexit.sef.pt/.

Statistical data:

The Portuguese authorities estimate that there are around 34 500 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 31 March 2021, 26 500 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Portuguese residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Additional information for frontier workers:

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://brexit.sef.pt/en/faqs/.

Where to find more information:

Romania

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Romania before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Romania.

Type of residence scheme: constitutive

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Romania in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, must apply for a new residence status. Failure to apply in time may lead to a loss of any entitlement under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Deadline to apply: 31 December 2021

Application process:

The new residence scheme was opened on 1 December 2020.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members have started to apply for a new document certifying their new status. Applicants have to register in person, both for the right of residence and right of permanent residence. They have to fill in the application and provide required supporting documents. Those who hold a valid permanent residence document issued by the Romanian authorities according to current EU legislation can exchange this document for the new residence document through a simplified procedure. Applications need to be submitted to the competent territorial unit of the General Inspectorate for Immigration that will decide on the applications within 30 days from the date of their submission.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members will have until 31 December 2021 to apply for their new residence status.

Available assistance:

Vulnerable United Kingdom nationals will be assisted by the General Inspectorate for Immigration staff in order to correctly submit their applications. Those United Kingdom nationals who cannot, for medical reasons, submit their application in person will be registered at home.

The individual letter sent to all United Kingdom nationals includes a contact address for request for special assistance (brexit@mai.gov.ro). All queries received until now have been answered in due time. United Kingdom nationals may also contact by phone or e-mail the local immigration unit in the area where they reside.

Statistical data:

The Romanian authorities estimate that there are around 3 000 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 26 April 2021, 432 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Romanian residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 370 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in Romania but live elsewhere can find more information about Romanian laws at http://legislatie.just.ro/Public/DetaliiDocument/233677.

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at http://igi.mai.gov.ro/ro/content/%C8%99ederea-%C3%AEn-rom%C3%A2nia-0 and https://www.mai.gov.ro/cetatenii-britanici-in-context-brexit/.

Where to find more information:

Slovakia

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Slovakia before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Slovakia.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Slovakia in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Application process:

The new residence scheme opened on 1 February 2020.

As of 1 January 2021, the current residence status of United Kingdom nationals and their family members under the EU Free Movement Directive will be transformed ex lege into corresponding permanent or pre-permanent residence status depending on the length their previous stay in Slovakia and they will have until 30 June 2021 to apply to have their old residence document exchanged for a new one.

Available assistance:

Vulnerable United Kingdom nationals are approached by the Slovak authorities on an individual basis, depending on the form of vulnerability and type of help or support needed. In addition to personal support to vulnerable persons (people living with disabilities, chronically ill, persons with language, literacy or technological barriers) and counselling by the IOM, United Kingdom nationals can also contact the Ministry of Interior at uhcp@minv.sk.

Statistical data:

The Slovak authorities estimate that there are around 2 800 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 31 March 2021, 800 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Slovak residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 800 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://www.minv.sk/?information-on-the-stay-in-the-territory-of-the-slovak-republic-in-connection-with-the-withdrawal-of-the-united-kingdom-of-great-britain-and-northern-ireland-from-the-european-union-brexit-3.

Where to find more information:

Slovenia

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Slovenia before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Slovenia.

Type of residence scheme: constitutive

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Slovenia in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, must apply for a new residence status. Failure to apply in time may lead to a loss of any entitlement under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Deadline to apply: 31 December 2021

Application process:

On 30 March 2021, the National Assembly adopted an amendment to the Foreigners Act, which inter alia implements the Withdrawal Agreement in the part regulating residence rights. The amendment to the Foreigners Act will begin to apply 45 days after its publication in the Official Gazette. Until then, the Withdrawal Agreement applies directly. The new residence scheme is opened from 1 January 2021.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members need to apply for a new residence document at the competent authority (administrative unit) within one year from the end of the transitional period or before the expiry of the EU citizens’ registration certificate or residence card for a family member of an EU citizen, if the remaining validity of the current certificate or residence card is less than one year from the end of the transitional period.

Available assistance:

UK national seeking help and assistance can contact the Ministry of Interior (phone +386 1 428 40 00 and e-mail gp.mnz@gov.si) or send a written query on brexit@gov.si.

Statistical data:

The Slovenian authorities estimate that there are around 900 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 15 April 2021, 108 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Slovenian residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 88 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in Slovenia but live elsewhere can find more information about Slovenian laws at https://www.dz-rs.si/wps/portal/Home/deloDZ/zakonodaja/izbranZakonAkt?uid=3661445DE7A5ECECC125863400251BF5&db=pre_zak&mandat=VIII).

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://www.gov.si/en/registries/projects/brexit/.

Where to find more information:

Spain

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Spain before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Spain.

Type of residence scheme: declaratory

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Spain in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, obtained their new residence status automatically, by operation of law. They may still be required, as an administrative formality, to register with national authorities and apply for a new residence document that will help them certify their new residence status.

Application process:

The new residence scheme opened on 6 July 2020.

The procedure for obtaining the new residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement depends on the situation in which United Kingdom nationals and their family members find themselves.

a. Those holding a residence document issued under the EU Free Movement Directive will need to visit the police station to have their residence document replaced by a residence document issued under the Withdrawal Agreement (with the sole exception of family members with a temporary residence card who apply for a permanent one, for which a two-step procedure has been established).

b. Beneficiaries of the Withdrawal Agreement without an existing residence document and family members with a temporary card who apply for a permanent one will have to undergo a two-step procedure. First, they will have to visit the Immigration Office that will evaluate compliance with the requirements as established in the Withdrawal Agreement. If the conditions are met, they will have to request the residence document from the police station.

The residence document will indicate whether the residence is permanent or temporary. There is no deadline for the exchange of current residence documents for those in new format. United Kingdom nationals and non-UK family members can use current residence documents. In case of travel, possession of the new residence document will facilitate border crossing as it will be the proof of the status of the beneficiaries of the Withdrawal Agreement.

Available assistance:

All measures the Spanish administration offer to vulnerable citizens are also available for United Kingdom nationals. To facilitate the application process for vulnerable persons who may be unable to lodge their applications in person, the Spanish authorities accept applications submitted by legal representative.

Furthermore, enquiries and questions can be solved by phone (“060” phone number). This line, inter alia, provides information and prepares United Kingdom nationals for the new application process. In addition to this, questions can be posted in twitter accounts of competent national authorities.

Statistical data:

The Spanish authorities estimate that there are around 381 400 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 6 April 2021, 115 600 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Spanish residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 98 200 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

United Kingdom nationals who work in Spain but live elsewhere can find more information about Spanish laws at https://www.inclusion.gob.es/ficheros/brexit/brexit_instruccion_conjunta.pdf.

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://www.inclusion.gob.es/es/brexit/residencia/br_fronterizos/index.htm.

Where to find more information:

Sweden

The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees United Kingdom nationals and their family members already living in Sweden before 31 December 2020 broadly the same rights they had before the UK withdrew from the EU: they can continue to live, study and work in Sweden.

Type of residence scheme: constitutive

What does it mean: United Kingdom nationals and their family members, who lawfully resided in Sweden in accordance EU law on free movement on 31 December 2020, must apply for a new residence status. Failure to apply in time may lead to a loss of any entitlement under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Deadline to apply: 30 September 2021

Application process:

The new residence scheme opened on 1 December 2020.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members who are in Sweden under the terms of the Withdrawal Agreement should apply to the Swedish Migration Agency for a new residence status that confers the rights included in the Withdrawal Agreement. The application is free of charge and can be made either electronically or on paper. In order to provide biometric data for the residence document, a visit to the migration agency will be necessary.

United Kingdom nationals and their family members will have until 30 September 2021 to apply for their new residence status.

Available assistance:

The Swedish authorities have contacted all municipalities, healthcare regions, the Prison and Probation Service and the National Board of Institutional Care and ask them to inform all United Kingdom nationals in their care about their need to apply for residence status. United Kingdom nationals seeking assistance or information can contact the Migration Agency by phone (+46 (0)771 235 235) or e-mail (migrationsverket@migrationsverket.se). There are contact centres for personal visits, too.

United Kingdom nationals can also ask their municipal guides (medborgarkontor) if they need assistance.

Statistical data:

The Swedish authorities estimate that there are around 17 000 resident United Kingdom nationals.

By 31 March 2021, 7 200 United Kingdom nationals applied for their new Swedish residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement and 4 000 were granted it.

Additional information for frontier workers:

Additional information concerning the application for a frontier worker document is available at https://www.migrationsverket.se/English/Private-individuals/British-citizens/Frontier-workers.html.

Where to find more information: