This Commission staff working document sets out quantitative information on the practical operation of the European arrest warrant (EAW) in 2019. The statistics are based on information provided by the Member States to the Commission between May 2020 and April 2021, according to the standard questionnaire contained in Council document 11356/13 of 24 June 2013. Member States agreed to provide EAW statistics for a given calendar year by 1 May of the following year. However, the deadline to provide 2019 statistics was extended due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The questionnaire covers quantitative information from Member States acting both as issuing States and as executing States. It consists of data related to, inter alia, the number of EAWs issued and executed, the number of persons arrested, the types of offences covered, the grounds for refusal and the duration of the surrender proceedings.
On the basis of the submitted replies, only general conclusions can be drawn, since the provided data is not complete.
In particular, it should be highlighted that:
- the main indicators on the number of initiated proceedings, arrests, and effective surrender procedures have been rather stable (i.e. they have been in similar proportions to each other over several years);
- on the time limits for taking a decision on whether to execute an EAW, it appears that some Member States do not comply with their obligations under the Framework Decision;
- on the grounds for refusal, Article 4(6) of the Framework Decision – where the executing Member State takes over the execution of a sentence – triggers the highest percentage of refusals (44% of all refusals).