First published on
23 December 2016
Discussion Paper 42
AustriaBelgiumBulgariaCroatiaCyprusCzechiaDenmarkEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIrelandItalyLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgMaltaNetherlandsPolandPortugalRomaniaSlovakiaSloveniaSpainSwedenUnited Kingdom


This paper looks at the pension reforms carried out by EU Member States since 2000 and the challenges that still lie ahead.


Giuseppe Carone, Per Eckefeldt, Luigi Giamboni, Veli Laine, Stéphanie Pamies Sumner

Information and identifiers

Discussion Papers 42. December 2016. Brussels. PDF. 64pp. Tab. Graph. Ann. Bibliogr. Free.

KC-BD-16-042-EN-N (online)
ISBN 978-92-79-59958-3 (online)
ISSN 2443-8022 (online)
doi: 10.2765/620267 (online)
JEL classification: H55, J26, J1


Discussion Papers are written by the staff of the Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs, or by experts working in association with them. The Papers are intended to increase awareness of the technical work being done by staff and to seek comments and suggestions for further analysis. The views expressed are the author’s alone and do not necessarily correspond to those of the European Commission.


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