First published on
16 January 2019
Technical Paper 029

European Business Cycle Indicators – 4th Quarter 2018


A look at quarterly trends in the European Business Cycle Indicators. This report also looks at ways to link new Irish survey data to previously collected data sets, bridge data gaps, and create a set of coherent Irish business and consumer survey results stretching back to the 1980s.


European Commission

Information and identifiers

Technical Paper 029. January 2019. Brussels. PDF. 36pp. Tab. Graph. Bibliogr. Free.

KC-BE-19-001-EN-N (online)
ISBN 978-92-79-98827-1 (online)
ISSN 2443-8049 (online)
doi:10.2765/88665 (online)                           

JEL classification: 0


European Economy Technical Papers are reports and data compiled by the staff of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs.


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