In the Charter and UN Convention
Charter of Fundamental Rights
Article 24 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union states that:"Children(…) may express their views freely. Such views shall be taken into consideration on matters which concern them in accordance with their age and maturity."
UN Convention on the rights of the child
The right of all children to be heard and have their views taken seriously in accordance with their age and maturity is laid down in Article 12 of the UN Convention on the rights of the child (UNCRC).
In EU law
EU law promotes and protects the child's right to be heard. See, in particular, Chapters 23 and 24 of the acquis compilation.
Study on child participation & bibliography
In 2015, the European Commission carried out a study to map legislation, policy and practice on child participation in all 28 EU Member States.
Under the Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme, all proposals submitted for grants concerning children are expected to respect the child's right to participate and be aligned with Article 24 of the Charter, relevant EU law and the UN Convention on the rights of the child.