What is female genital mutilation?

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a specific form of violence. Female genital mutilation involves the partial or total removal of the external genital organs for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons. The practice has severe physical and psychological consequences for the victims. It is an unacceptable violation of the rights of women and girls.

FGM in Europe

There is no reliable and comparable data on the prevalence of FGM in Europe. It is estimated, however, that hundreds of thousands of women living in Europe have been subjected to genital mutilation and thousands more girls are at risk.

Most women and girls originating from countries in which the practice of FGM is widespread live in the following EU countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Spain, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

FGM is a crime in the EU. In some EU countries it is possible to prosecute the practice even when the procedure is performed outside the country.

What is the EU doing?

Zero Tolerance to FGM – testimonials trailer

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