EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020
The EU has long stressed the need for better Roma integration (see the 2010 communication on the economic and social integration of the Roma in Europe).
The European institutions and every EU country have a joint responsibility to improve the living conditions and integration of the Roma. In 2011, the European Commission called for national strategies for Roma integration.
The EU Framework for National Roma integration strategies centred around four key areas: education, employment, healthcare and housing.
Each country produced a Roma strategy, assessed by the European Commission in 2012: National Roma integration strategies: a first step in the implementation of the EU Framework. In 2013, the Council of the European Union agreed on a Recommendation on effective Roma integration measures in EU countries.
Mid-term evaluation of the EU Framework for NRIS
The aim of the 2018 midterm evaluation was to assess the implementation and the achievements of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies (NRIS) between 2011 and 2017.
The Commission produced annual reports (until 2020), using information from each country, as well as from civil society, international organisations and the EU Fundamental Rights Agency.
The 2019 report was the last report under the EU framework up to 2020 focusing on the implementation of Roma integration measures in the Member States.
The 2018 Communication was based on the results of an in-depth mid-term evaluation of the relevance, effectiveness, coherence, efficiency and the EU added value of the EU framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020.
The 2017 midterm review took stock of the progress since the launch of the EU framework. It also identified key priorities for Member States to address and ways to strengthen the EU framework.
The 2016 Communication assessed progress on the EU framework. It also reviewed, for the first time, Roma integration measures put in place in response to the Council recommendation.
The 2015 Communication focused on structural improvements and recommends aligning (revised) national Roma integration strategies with EU funding instruments.
The 2014 report looked at progress in all key areas.
The 2013 assessment report focused on the structural improvements needed in each country.