EU funding for Roma integration
For the 2014-2020 period, Romania will be allocated €22.9 billion in EU funds, out of which €15.95 billion will come from the European Social Fund (ESF) and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). Of this amount, at least 30.8% will be spent on the ESF, with at least 20% of that going towards the promotion of social inclusion and combating poverty. The latter amount could also finance Roma-related measures.
ESF managing authorities
- The managing authority for the sectoral operational programme Human resources development, Ministry for European funds, Bd. Ion Mihalache, 15-17, Sector 1, Bucharest
- The managing authority for the operational programme Administrative capacity development , Ministry of regional development and public administration, Str. Apolodor 17, Sector 5, Bucharest
ERDF managing authority
The managing authority for the regional operational programme is the Ministry of regional development and public administration, Str. Apolodor 17, Sector 5, Bucharest.
The Ministry for European funds is the co-ordinator for the European structural and investment funds.
Facts and figures
Council of Europe estimates: approximately 1.85 million Roma live in Romania (8.32% of the population).
National strategy for Roma integration
Romania’s top priorities include encouraging Roma children to participate in early childhood education and care, promoting entrepreneurship among the Roma and tackling problems of indebtedness.
Romania’s national Roma integration strategy aims to eliminate poverty and social exclusion through targeted education, employment, healthcare and housing policies. In Romania, the Roma are an officially recognised ethnic minority represented in the parliament. The strategy’s objectives include ensuring that Roma children go to school, with a special focus on girls, and ending segregation in schools. It also aims to improve the Roma's access to public services and basic infrastructure.
Assessment of Romania’s strategy implementation
In spring 2014, the Commission assessed the implementation of the national Roma integration strategies in the four key areas of education, employment, healthcare and housing, as well as progress made in the fight against discrimination and the use of funding.
- The Commission's assessment of Romania's national strategy (2014)
- The Commission's assessment of Romania’s national strategy (2012)
- The European Union and the Roma - Factsheet Romania (570 kB)
National Roma contact point
The national contact point for the national Roma integration strategy in Romania is the Ministry of European funds.