Snapshots of European solidarity

The European Solidarity Tracker

The European Solidarity Tracker is an interactive data visualisation tool that visualises solidarity among EU member states and EU institutions. Drawing on publicly available sources collected by ECFR’s associate researchers and the Rethink: Europe team, the European Solidarity Tracker documents a dense network of mutual aid and cooperation across Europe and illustrates the critical role the EU has played throughout the coronavirus crisis.

EU Industry steps in to protect European citizens

European companies have quickly responded to the coronavirus crisis and have shown extraordinary solidarity to face the pandemic together to protect the health of the European citizens. Many companies across Europe retooled and revamped their production to meet the demand for Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), disinfectants and medical devices. From distilleries to textile companies, the industry has put its knowhow at the service of the citizens to produce, for instance, masks, protective gowns, hand sanitizers and ventilators.

Over the last months, the Commission has taken actions in order to create the right conditions for industry to ramp up or retool production, including asking the European Standards Organisations to make standards for facemasks and other protective equipment freely available to all interested parties. In addition, in order to accelerate the approval of essential products and to help companies adapt their production lines, the Commission published guidance in the following areas: PPE, leave-on hand cleaners and hand disinfectants as well as 3D printing.

The information included in this interactive tool is based on publicly available sources. It presents a non-exhaustive list portraying a series of examples to showcase how EU industry has quickly responded to the coronavirus outbreak. If a company wishes to inform us of their story, please contact us at comm-spp-grow-defi@ec.europa.eu

European solidarity in treating patients

Austria

Austrian flag

chirurchical mask  11 intensive care patients from Italy and 3 intensive care patients from France are being taken care of in Austrian hospitals. “Given the great drama of the situation, this is only a small contribution, but it is symbolically important that we support Europe,” a statement released by the Austrian authorities said.

Germany

Germany

chirurchical mask   Cities and states across Germany are treating critically ill patients from Italy, France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Czechia making their own intensive care capacities available for these patients.
For Italy, 85 intensive care beds have been reserved in 10 German federal states with 44 Italian patients already transferred to Germany.
For France 130 French patients were transferred to Germany in spring 2020, and several more in November.
For France, 98 intensive care beds have been reserved in 10 federal states with 130 French patients already transferred to Germany.
46 patients from the Netherlands have been transferred to Germany for the treatment.
Planes and helicopters operated by the German Airforce picked up intensive care patients for treatment in Germany. Medical staff from the University clinic Jena are supporting a clinic near Naples, Campania.

23 patients from the province of Liège in Belgium have been transferred to Germany for treatment.  
Bavaria has offered 100 hospital beds to COVID patients from Czechia

Greece

Greek flag

chirurchical mask  500 mobile medical units co-financed by the EU will allow to test citizens at their homes.

Italy

Italian flag

chirurchical mask  Emergency Medical Team of 10 doctors and nurses from Italy are preparing their mission to Armenia, via the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

Luxembourg

Luxembourg flag

medical equipment  Seven French intensive care patients from Mulhouse, France, were airlifted on 25 March and are being treated in Luxembourg. Another 4 have arrived from Thionville.

Luxembourg Air Rescue repatriated six more patients who come from the Grand-Est region in France and were treated in intensive care in the Grand Duchy and in Germany. 5 French patients remain in intensive care in Luxembourg.

Ambulance jets and two helicopters of the Luxembourg Air Rescue were integrated into the French Urgent Medical Aid Service. They have flown French intensive care patients to Hamburg and Dresden, Germany.

Poland

Polish flag

medical equipment  The Polish Centre for International Aid is sending a dedicated team of 15 Polish doctors and paramedics, certified by the WHO, to a field hospital in Brescia, Lombardy, one of the most affected areas in Italy

Romania

Romanian flag

medical equipment  Doctors and nurses from Romania and Norway, the latter part of the EU Medical Corps, dispatched to Bergamo and Milan. Their deployment has been co-financed under the Union Civil Protection Mechanism and coordinated by the EU Emergency Response Coordination Centre

 

European solidarity in protecting health workers and citizens

EU
EU flag

disinfo   As of 7 May, the European Commission started delivering1.5 million masks to 17 Member States and the UK to protect EU healthcare workers. This is the first batch of 10 million masks purchased by the Commission via the Emergency Support Instrument. They will be delivered over next six weeks in weekly instalments of 1.5 million masks to the Member States and regions in need. 

Following previous deliveries of some 330,000 protective masks to Italy, Spain and Croatia, more batches of protective masks were delivered to Lithuania, (20,000), North Macedonia (10,000) and Montenegro (10,000) under the EU Civil Protection Mechanism. The rescEU reserve of medical equipment is completely financed by the EU budget. Germany and Romania were the first Member States to host the rescEU reserve, followed by Denmark, Greece, Hungary and Sweden in September.

On 18 June, a pilot operation has successfully delivered over seven tonnes of personal protective equipment to Bulgaria. The cargo includes over 500,000 protective masks, purchased by Bulgaria with transport costs covered by the EU.

On the 7 July, the EU delivered 65,000 additional masks to Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia already delivered via the strategic rescEU reserve.

In the first week of August, more batches of protective masks were distributed to Croatia, Montenegro and North Macedonia from the common rescEU reserve. Over 130,000 protective medical-grade masks and gowns were delivered to Montenegro and North Macedonia in October, on top of 520,000 masks already delivered so far from the rescEU reserve, as well as in-kind assistance provided to countries in need via the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

Over 130,000 protective medical-grade masks and gowns were delivered to Montenegro and North Macedonia in October, on top of 520,000 masks already delivered so far from the rescEU reserve, as well as in-kind assistance provided to countries in need via the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

On 22 October, the EU sent to Czechia a first batch of 30 ventilators from the common European stockpile of medical equipment, rescEU. Together with contributions from the Netherlands and Austria, Czechia’s request for 150 ventilators was fully answered.

Following a request by France via EU Civil Protection Mechanism, two batches of 2 million surgical gloves offered by Norway were delivered in October and November.

The EU Civil Protection Mechanism then also coordinated the deployment of an Italian Emergency Medical Team of six medical experts to Azerbaijan to support local health authorities in the fight against the coronavirus. So far, the EU Civil Protection Mechanism has responded to 25 requests throughout the pandemic and provided personal protective equipment, medicines and health experts.

Latvia

latvia

chirurchical mask  Latvia provided 478,500 masks to Estonia under the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

It offered 60,000 face masks to Lithuania, also under the Mechanism.

Austria

Austrian flag

chirurchical mask  Austria transported 1.5 million masks to Italy.

Austria has delivered over 3,360 liters of medical disinfectant to Italy via the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

Austria is sending gloves and disinfectant to Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Moldova and Albania via the EU Civil Protection Mechanism. North Macedonia has received shelter and sanitary items, and Serbia received blankets, mattresses and tents for migrants in the country via the Mechanism. Austria also sent 181 living containers which can be used as shelters or mobile healthcare facilities at the disposal of Greek authorities for migrant camps in Greece. 
Austria has sent 15 ventillators to Czechia and offered 30 high-flow  nasal oxygen therapy devices through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

Czechia

Czech flag

chirurchical mask  Czechia delivered 10,000 protective suits to Italy and another 10,000 to Spain
Czechia has also sent shelter, sanitary and non-food items to Greece for refugees and migrants at risk of coronavirus through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

Denmark

Danish flag

chirurchical mask  Denmark is sending customised containers for shelter and medical care to Greece for refugees and migrants at risk of coronavirus through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.  It also offered medical ventilators to Italy and protective equipment to Georgia. 

Estonia

Estonian flag

disinfo Estonia offerred disinfectant, blankets and bedlinen to North Macedonia, Montenegro and Georgia through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

France

French flag

chirurchical mask  France has donated 1 million masks to Italy and 20,000 protective suits. France is also sending customised containers for shelter and medical care to Greece for refugees and migrants at risk of coronavirus through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

Germany

Germany

chirurchical mask  Germany has delivered 7,5 tons of medical equipment to Italy, including ventilators and anaesthetic masks. It has also delivered 50 ventilators to Spain and 25 to France.

Hungary

hungary

disinfo Hungary has delivered more than 1,700,000 masks, 200,000 gloves and several other equipment to amongst others Croatia, Slovenia, Romania, Slovakia, Italy, Serbia, North-Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro.

Luxembourg

Luxembourg flag

disinfo Luxembourg delivered 1.440 kg of material to Spain to make individual protection suits for its medical staff; it also facilitated the delivery of 100t of medical equipment from China to Lithuania.

Netherlands

Dutch flag

disinfo The Netherlands is sending customised containers for shelter and medical care to Greece for refugees and migrants at risk of coronavirus  through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

The Netherlands sent 105 ventilators to Czechia through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

Poland

Polish flag

chirurchical mask  Poland has offered disinfectant, surgical masks, face shields and other personal protective equipment items to Moldova and Ukraine.

Slovakia

slovakia

chirurchical mask  Slovakia sent masks and disinfectant to Italy, and offered ambulances, masks, disinfectant and blankets to Ukraine under the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

European solidarity in bringing people home*

 

EU

EU flag


Picture of airplane  Since the beginning of the outbreak, on board of over 360 repatriation flights facilitated and co-financed by the EU Civil Protection Mechanism, over 82,000 stranded EU citizens have been brought home so far. One in three passengers repatriated were European citizens from a different nationality than the country organising the repatriation flight.
Many more intra-European flights, also outside the EU Civil Protection Mechanism, but chartered directly by Member States, are bringing citizens home daily.

Austria

Austrian flag

Picture of airplane  Austria repatriated citizens of 25 EU Member States on flights organized by Austria from Argentina, Australia, Chile, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Peru, Philippines, South Africa, Spain, Thailand, Tunisia, UK, US, Vietnam. 

Belgium

Belgian flag

Picture of airplane  Belgium repatriated citizens of 20 EU countries.

Czechia

Czech flag

Picture of airplane  Czechia repatriated hundreds of citizens of 22 EU countries.

Denmark

Danish flag

plane Denmark has brought back citizens of other EU countries on a flight from Mali, also carrying humanitarian aid on the outbound flight.

 

Finland 

flag of Finland

plane  Finland has brought home citizens of 10 EU countries.

France

French flag

Picture of airplane  France repatriated citizens of 26 EU countries. A flight from Wuhan, China, in early February carried 64 French citizens and 135 other EU citizens.

Germany

Germany

Picture of airplane  Germany has repatriated thousands of citizens from all other EU countries.

Hungary

hungary

plane  Hungary has brought home citizens from 4 EU countries. 

Ireland

Irish flag

Picture of airplane  Ireland brought back home citizens from 17 EU countries.

Italy

Italian flag

Picture of airplane  Italy repatriated citizens of 6 Member States from Tokyo, Japan.

Latvia

Latvian flag

Picture of airplane  Latvia has brought home citizens of 4 EU countries.

Lithuania

Lithuanian flag

plane  Lithuania has brought home citizens of 8 EU countries

Luxembourg

Luxembourg flag

Picture of airplane  Luxembourg repatriated citizens of 14 EU countries. A flight from Cabo Verde on 25 March carried just 20 Luxembourgish citizens and 131 other EU citizens.

Portugal

Portuguese flag


Picture of airplane  Portugal has brought home hundreds of citizens of 17 EU countries.

Spain

Spanish flag

Picture of airplane  Spain has brought home more than 600 European citizens of 19 EU countries.

Sweden

sweden

plane  Sweden has brought home citizens of 15 EU countries

Many more EU citizens have been repatriated by European flights also outside the EU Civil Protection Mechanism. For example:

Croatia

Croatian flag

Airplane Croatia helped bring home citizens of 5 Member States.

Denmark

Danish flag


Picture of airplane  A Danish flight brought home 105 Danes and another 179 Europeans from the Philippines; it has helped repatriated 324 fellow European citizens on 4 special flights from Morocco, Italy, Philippines and Peru.

Germany

Germany

ferry  Support to 600 Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians to return home by ferry.

Hungary

Hungarian flag


Picture of airplane  Hungary has brought back home citizens of 6 EU countries.

Lithuania

Lithuanian flag


Picture of airplane  Lithuania helped bring home more than 400 citizens of 6 EU countries return home from Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia and South America.

Netherlands

Dutch flag


Picture of airplane  The Netherlands has brought back over 230 citizens of various EU countries home from Spain, Portugal, The Gambia, Cape Verde, Peru and Turkey.

Poland

Polish flag

 

Picture of airplane  Polish LOT airlines has helped repatriating citizens from 18 EU countries.
ferry Small image of a train small image of a car

Poland offered citizens of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania ferries and dedicated trains to ensure their safe journey home. Poland also organised 18 convoys of over 800 vehicles, escorted by the Polish Police, to help more than 2.000 citizens of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to return home safely.

Portugal

Portuguese flag


Picture of airplane  Portugal helped bring home hundreds of citizens of 15 EU countries.

 

Slovakia

Slovakian flag


Picture of airplane  Slovakia arranged for a flight from the US repatriating 300 EU citizens from 4 Member States. Six other flights are already planned.

*19 EU Member States used the Union Civil Protection Mechanism in their repatriation efforts. Bilateral solidarity efforts in bringing citizens home are included where these have been expressly flagged to the Commission.

Solidarity map

Got a solidarity example and visuals? Send them to COMM-EU-SOLIDARITY@ec.europa.eu

Updated 26/10/2020

Disclaimer: The examples in this page are not exhaustive. The figures are based on the most recent available sources from EU Member States via the Common Emergency Communication and Information System (CECIS). While the Commission seeks to keep the information up to date, we take no responsibility of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness and accuracy of the information contained in the page.

European solidarity in supporting asylum seekers

Since the coronavirus pandemic began, the Commission has supported Greece in protecting vulnerable people from contracting the virus and avoid a public health crisis in the refugee camps. The Commission, including through the staff present in Greece, continues to monitor the developments in the mainland and on the islands, and provides operational and financial support to the Greek authorities. The Commission is also committed to providing emergency support needed to mitigate the consequences of crisis situations, such as the fire in the Moria Reception and Identification Centre on the Island of Lesvos.

In line with the commitment of President von der Leyen during her visit to Greece at the beginning of March, €350 million were immediately made available to support 5 projects for migration management, under Emergency Assistance. These projects covered the continuation of assistance for reception capacity in mainland Greece and on its islands, by providing rental scheme accommodation and support.

Furthermore, immediate response was provided to prevent the spread of the coronavirus in the islands of the Aegean, where the Reception and Identification Centres are located. Assistance was further provided to protect and support activities for unaccompanied children. In particular, the Commission coordinates and finances the relocation of unaccompanied minors from Greece to other Member States.

Additional €350 million of financial assistance were made available in April 2020. The increased funding will support, amongst other things,  increased  reception capacity on the Greek islands, the provision of  services and emergency items (e.g. food but also non-food items) in the camps, the provision of additional medical teams, increased  assistance to the Greek Asylum Service, and the deployment of border guards and police officers at Greece’s external borders. The funding support also aims at helping Greece to prevent and slow down the potential spread of the coronavirus in the camps, including through the transfer of vulnerable people from camps to alternative accommodation.

Documents

Factsheet: Coronavirus - European Solidarity in action