Our first priority is the health of our citizens. At the same time, the coronavirus outbreak is a major shock for the European and global economies. Member States have already adopted or are adopting budgetary, liquidity and policy measures to increase the capacity of their health systems and provide relief to those citizens and sectors that are particularly impacted.

economic response visual

Overview of measures by country

To cushion the blow to people’s livelihoods and the economy, the European Commission has adopted a comprehensive economic response to the outbreak, applied the full flexibility of the EU fiscal rules, has revised its State Aid rules and set up a €37 billion Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative to provide liquidity to small businesses and the health care sector.

In addition, on 2 April, the Commission proposed far-ranging measures to mobilise every euro of the EU budget to protect lives and livelihoods. The Commission launched a new initiative called SURE - Support mitigating Unemployment Risks in Emergency, helping to preserve jobs and support families. It also proposed to redirect all available structural funds to the response to the coronavirus. Farmers and fishermen will also receive support, as will the most deprived of aid. An EU Solidarity for Health Initiative worth €3billion will cater for the needs of Member States’ health systems.

Supporting the recovery of EU tourism

The tourism ecosystem has been hit hard by the heavy restrictions on movement and travel imposed in the wake of Coronavirus outbreak. To get it back on track, on 13 May, the Commission proposed a series of measures that would allow for a gradual and coordinated reopening of tourism services and facilities, as well as specific support for tourism businesses. They include:

Liquidity for tourism businesses, in particular small businesses

  • Flexibility under State aid rules allows Member States to introduce schemes, such as guarantee schemes for vouchers and further liquidity schemes, to support companies and to ensure that reimbursement claims caused by the coronavirus pandemic are satisfied.
  • EU funding: The EU continues to provide immediate liquidity to businesses affected by the crisis through the Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative, under shared management with Member States. In addition, the Commission has made available up to €8 billion in financing for 100,000 small businesses hit by the crisis, with the European Investment Fund.

Saving jobs with up to €100 billion in financial relief from the SURE programme

The SURE programme helps Member States cover the costs of national short-time work schemes and similar measures allow companies to safeguard jobs. The Commission also supports partnerships between employment services, social partners and companies to facilitate reskilling, especially for seasonal workers.

Connecting citizens to local offer, promoting tourism and Europe as a safe tourist destination

Among others, the Commission will continue to work with Member States to promote sustainable tourism in line with the European Green Deal and encourage digital transformation of tourism services. It will also promote pan-European communication campaigns featuring Europe as a tourist destination, and organise a European tourism convention about the future of sustainable, innovative and resilient European tourism ecosystem.

Factsheet: The EU helps reboot Europe's tourism

Questions and answers: Tourism and transport package

Press release

Securing businesses and supporting jobs

The coronavirus outbreak constitutes a challenge for the European economy and the livelihoods of citizens. During this health crisis, it is vital that we not only protect the critical sectors of our economy, but also our assets, technology and infrastructure, and more importantly, we need to protect jobs and workers.

SURE - a new instrument to mitigate unemployment risks 

On 28 September, the European Commission welcomed the Council’s approval to grant €87.9 billion of financial support to 17 Member States under the temporary Support mitigating Unemployment Risks in Emergency (SURE)  instrument to help protect jobs and workers affected by the coronavirus pandemic.
This was based on the Commission’s proposals to the Council on 24 and 25 August. SURE will provide up to €100 billion in financial support. This followed the finalisation of national approval procedures and signatures by all Member States to provide for the guarantee agreements with the Commission worth a total of €25 billion.

On 13 November, the Commission has presented a proposal to the Council for a decision to grant €2.5 billion in financial support to Ireland under the SURE instrument. This proposal brings overall financial support proposed under SURE to a total of €90.3 billion and covering 18 Member States.

15 EU countries have received around €40 billion under the EU SURE instrument between the end of October and the end of November. The Commission has been disbursing funding in 3 instalments:

  • €17 billion was disbursed by the Commission to 3 EU countries in a first instalment on 27 October.
  • €14 billion was disbursed by the Commission to  9 EU countries in a second instalment on 17 November.
  • €8.5 billion was disbursed by the Commission to 5 EU countries in a third instalment.


SURE – More information

EU SURE social bonds

To finance the instrument, the Commission has been issuing social bonds. The Social Bond Framework is meant to provide investors in these bonds with confidence that the funds mobilised will serve a truly social objective. On 21 October, the European Commission issued a €17 billion inaugural social bond under the EU SURE instrument to help protect jobs and keep people in work. On 10 November, the Commission issued the second social bond under the SURE instrument, worth €14 billion, to help protect jobs and keep people employed. On 25 November, the Commission issued a €8,5 billion social bond under the EU SURE instrument to help protect jobs and people in work.

Youth Employment Support: a bridge to jobs for the next generation

The coronavirus pandemic has emphasised the often difficult start many young people face in the labour market. On 30 October, the Council adopted the Commission’s proposal for a Council Recommendation on a Bridge to Jobs from 1 July 2020, reinforcing the existing Youth Guarantee.

Young people signing up to the Youth Guarantee are entitled to receive an offer of employment, continued education, traineeship or apprenticeship within four months of leaving formal education or becoming unemployed. Since 2014, each year more than 3.5 million young people registered in the Youth Guarantee accepted such an offer. Under the new Recommendation, the Youth Guarantee reaches out to a broader target group aged 15 – 29. It also adopts a more tailored approach by providing young people, in particular vulnerable ones, with guidance especially suited to their individual needs and the green and digital transition of our economies. Ensuring young people have adequate digital skills is a top priority.

With NextGenerationEU and the future EU budget, the Commission already proposed significant EU financing opportunities for the next generation and youth employment, and it is now for the Member States to prioritise these investments. At least €22 billion should be spent on youth employment support.

Youth employment support

The EU’s 2020 measures to combat youth unemployment

Protecting small and medium-sized businesses

On 6 April, the Commission announced that financing estimated to €8 billion will be made available in April to provide immediate financial relief to small and medium-sized businesses across the EU. The Commission has unlocked €1 billion from the European Fund for Strategic Investments to serve as guarantee to the European Investment Fund in incentivising local banks and other lenders to provide liquidity to at least 100,000 European small and medium enterprises.

On 30 September, the EIB Group consisting of the European Investment Fund and the European Investment Bank agreed with Commerzbank on a new favourable lending scheme, providing up to €500 million to German small and medium enterprises. The financing aims to mitigate the impact of the crisis on smaller businesses, and will allow smaller and mid-cap companies as well as self-employed individuals to continue to operate. The transaction benefits from the support of the European Fund for Strategic Investments, the central pillar of the Investment Plan for Europe, in which EIB Group and the European Commission are strategic partners to strengthen the competitiveness of the European economy.

On 6 October, the European Investment Fund and Raiffeisenbank signed a €10 million guarantee agreement to support small and medium private and public enterprises in the culture and creative sectors in Bulgaria. The agreement provides loans with better terms and conditions to small and medium enterprises affected by the coronavirus crisis, helping then to sustain jobs. Furthermore, on 14 October, thanks to a €6 million guarantee from the European Investment Fund, financial support was also earmarked for small and medium enterprises from the cultural and creative sectors in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Finland. The guarantee, the first Cultural and Creative Sectors Guarantee Facility operation in these countries, was granted to Estonian lender Finora Capital, a fully digital, alternative finance providing company. The scheme allows companies access to more affordable loans, and enables Finora Capital to develop a new product matching the specific needs of small and medium enterprises in cultural and creative sectors, develop competences in financing the cultural and creative sectors and expand into new markets.

The agreements were backed by the Commission's Cultural and Creative Sectors Guarantee Facility, and supported by the European Fund for Strategic Investments.

On 19 October, the European Investment Bank Group agreed to provide Italian leasing specialist Alba Leasing €490 million in a securitisation financing operation, unlocking €1 billion in new financial resources to small, medium and mid-cap companies in Italy. This operation will make possible the financing of up to 100% of new investments and project across all economic sectors, with a particular focus on environmental investments. Around 8000 small and medium businesses across Italy will receive support for their investment projects, to help them recover from the economic crisis caused by the pandemic and support their green transition.

On 20 October, the European Investment Bank Group and Banco Santander in Spain agreed on additional financing to favourable terms to Spanish small, medium and mid-cap sized enterprises affected by the coronavirus crisis. Backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments, the main pillar of the Investment Plan for Europe, the agreement earmarked over €900 million in support the economic recovery of Spanish businesses. A specific focus of the new financing will be on investments into innovation, digitalisation and climate change mitigation and adaptation.

The survival of small and medium-sized enterprises economically hard hit by the coronavirus is essential for national economies across the EU. Supporting them is part of a comprehensive package put together by the Commission and the European Investment Bank Group.

Find support for your company

The economic impact of coronavirus varies across industries and firms depending upon a number of factors, including the exposure to China as source of intermediate inputs, the possibility to shift to alternative suppliers, and the existence of inventories or reliance on just-in-time production processes. 

The European Commission is in close contact with national authorities, industry representatives and other stakeholders in order to monitor and evaluate the impact on European industries and trade. The Commission acts where it can to support different industry sectors, notably those vital for the production, supply of food and tourism.

EU funding is available for all types of companies - small and medium enterprises and larger businesses. A wide range of financing is available: business loans, microfinance, guarantees and venture capital. Every year the EU supports more than 200,000 businesses. The Commission can help locate financial institutions that provide financial support. 

Banking package to support households and businesses  

On 28 April, the European Commission adopted a banking package to help facilitate bank lending to households and businesses throughout the EU. This package ensures that banks can continue to lend money, thereby supporting the economy and significantly mitigating the effects felt by citizens and businesses. In applying the full flexibility of the EU’s banking rules and proposing targeted legislative changes, the Commission enables banks to keep on providing liquidity to those in need. The Commission engages with the European financial sector and explores how it can develop best practices and further support citizens and businesses. The banking package includes an Interpretative Communication on the EU’s accounting and prudential frameworks, as well as targeted “quick fix” amendments to EU banking rules.

Best practices to provide relief for consumers and businesses

To provide relief for consumers and businesses, and to help further mitigate the impact of the coronavirus pandemic, on 14 July the Commission welcomed a list of ‘best practices’ agreed by the European financial sector, as well as consumer and business organisations. The list sets out concretely how different market participants can support citizens and businesses throughout the crisis. The best practices cover aspects such as measures to defer payments, enabling safer cashless payments and the granting of swift loans at fair interest rates to help those facing financial difficulties.

The European Semester

The Commission has presented its autumn economic policy package, including the Opinions on the 2021 Draft Budgetary Plans which take into account the ongoing health crisis. This is the second step in the 2021 European Semester cycle, which started in September with the publication of the Annual Sustainable Growth Strategy.

The Opinions on the 2021 DBPs take into account the high level of uncertainty and the severe economic downturn resulting from the coronavirus outbreak. The Commission's Opinions therefore look especially at whether the planned supportive budgetary measures for 2021 are temporary and if not, whether offsetting measures are planned.

In Spring, Member States receive recommendations from the Commission for two different timeframes: short-term to mitigate the coronavirus pandemic's severe negative socio-economic consequences; and in the short to medium-term to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth, which facilitates the green transition and the digital transformation. Promoting competitive sustainability to build an economy that works for people and the planet remains of utmost importance with the outbreak of the coronavirus crisis.

  • Icon of a virus

    Mitigate the immediate health and socio-economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic


    Icon of a euro sign and a stack of coins

    Restore growth while supporting the green and digital transitions in the Single Market 

A coordinated European economic response is crucial to relaunch economic activity, mitigate damage to the economic and social fabric, and to reduce divergences and imbalances. The European Semester of economic and employment policy coordination therefore constitutes a crucial element of the recovery strategy.

European Semester 2021

Economic Forecasts

The coronavirus crisis represents a very large shock for the global and EU economies, with very severe economic and social consequences.

Commission Autumn 2020 Economic Forecast

On 5 November, the European Commission published its Autumn 2020 Economic Forecast. The Autumn Forecast projects that the euro area economy will contract by 7.8% in 2020 before growing 4.2% in 2021 and 3% in 2022. The forecast projects that the EU economy will contract by 7.4% in 2020 before recovering with growth of 4.1% in 2021 and 3% in 2022.

Compared to the Summer 2020 Economic Forecast, growth projections for both the euro area and the EU are slightly higher for 2020 and lower for 2021. Output in both the euro area and the EU is not expected to recover its pre-pandemic level in 2022.

The economic impact of the pandemic has differed widely across the EU and the same is true of recovery prospects. This reflects the spread of the coronavirus, the stringency of public health measures taken to contain it, the sectoral composition of national economies and the strength of national policy responses.

Job losses and the rise in unemployment have put severe strains on the livelihoods of many Europeans. The forecast projects the unemployment rate in the euro area to rise from 7.5% in 2019 to 8.3% in 2020 and 9.4% in 2021, before declining to 8.9% in 2022. The unemployment rate in the EU is forecast to rise from 6.7% in 2019 to 7.7% in 2020 and 8.6% in 2021, before declining to 8.0% in 2022.

Two maps showing the drop in GDP per country in the EU

Summer 2020 Economic Forecast

Securing essential food supplies

Fund for European Aid to the most Deprived

As Europe is taking measures to slow down the spread of the coronavirus, it is more important than ever to support those most in need. The Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD) provides assistance, including food, clothing and other essential items for personal use, e.g. shoes, soap and shampoo, to those most in deprived of help. It will make delivery of food aid and basic material assistance possible through electronic vouchers, thus lower risk of coronavirus infections. Material assistance needs to go hand in hand with social inclusion measures, such as guidance and support to help people out of poverty. Over €3.8 billion are earmarked for the FEAD for the 2014-2020 period.

Support for the agricultural sector

The fight against the coronavirus affects all parts of the European economy. One of the sectors where we will tolerate no disruption whatsoever is that of food. We stand by our farmers in these challenging times,” said President von der Leyen.

Following the coronavirus outbreak, the EU's agricultural sector is proving resilient and continues to provide Europeans with high quality and safe food. To ensure the continued production of healthy and safe European foods, the Commission proposed a range of concrete measures to ensure that farmers and other beneficiaries can get the support that they need.  

On 4 May the Commission adopted and published the latest package of exceptional measures, previously announced on 22 April, to further support the agricultural and food sectors most affected by the coronavirus crisis. These exceptional measures include private storage aid for the dairy and meat sectors, temporary authorisations for operators to self-organise market measures in hard-hit sectors, flexibility in the implementation of market support programmes, and temporary derogation from EU competition rules in the milk, flowers and potatoes sectors.

Additionally, the Commission has also proposed to allow Member States to use rural development funds to compensate farmers and small agri-food businesses with amounts of up to €5,000 per farmer and €50,000 per small business, respectively. This proposal, pending approval by the Parliament and the Council, aims to provide immediate relief to those most impacted by the crisis. This is an addition to the maximum amount that national authorities can use to support farmers without prior approval from the Commission in the agricultural sector, and the increased state aid ceiling previously adopted.

On 17 March, the European Commission extended the deadline to 15 June 2020 for applications for support through the Common Agricultural policy, allowing more flexibility for farmers. Other measures include more time to allow administrations to process the applications, increasing advances for direct payments and rural development payments, and offering additional flexibility for on-the-spot checks to minimise the need for physical contact and reduce administrative burden.

Under the newly adopted Temporary Framework for state aid, farmers can now benefit from a maximum aid of €100,000 per farm and food processing and marketing companies can benefit from a maximum of €800,000. In some cases, this can be complemented by an up to €25,000. This means that the total national support that can be granted per farm adds up to €120,000 (or €125,000) under the temporary framework.

The Commission encourages Member States to make the fullest possible use of funding still available under their rural development programmes, to finance actions relevant to mitigating the current crisis and recovering from it.

Emergency response to support the agriculture and food sector

Support to farmers and rural areas

On 30 June, the Commission launched additional calls for proposals to support the promotion activities of the agri-food producers most affected by the ongoing crisis. An extra €10 million fund will be allocated to boosting sales (fruit, vegetable, wine, live plants, dairy, potatoes sectors). Half of the funding will be dedicated to promotion activities run jointly by producer organisations from several EU countries, and the other half, to national activities. These calls for proposals complement other exceptional measures adopted previously to support specific agri-food sectors.

Promotion of EU farm products

Support for the wine, fruit and vegetables sectors

On 6 July, the European Commission adopted an additional package of exceptional measures to support the wine sector, one of the hardest hit-agri food sectors, and alleviate the consequences of the coronavirus crisis. The new measures include allowing self-organisation by market operators (the planning of joint promotion activities, organisation of storage, commonly planning production, etc.) for a period of up to 6 months, advance payments (covering up to 100% of distillation and storage costs) and the increase of EU’s contribution for wine national support programmes (the contribution for all measures of the national support programmes will increase by 10% and reach 70%).

In addition to these measures for the wine sector, the fruit and vegetable sector will also benefit from an increase of the EU’s contribution (from 50% to 70%) for programmes managed by producer organisations. This will provide further flexibility to producer organisations in the implementation of their programmes.

Supporting the agriculture and food sectors

Wine in the EU

Fruits and vegetables

Support for the fishing industry

Fishing and aquaculture are among the sectors most immediately impacted by the crisis. The demand for seafood has seen a sudden decrease, as retailers, restaurants, canteens and other large-scale buyers are reducing or temporarily closing activities.

The Commission has taken urgent action to mitigate this situation, which puts at stake the livelihoods of thousands, not least in the EU’s coastal regions, and the stable supply of healthy seafood to EU citizens. The fishing and aquaculture sectors are eligible for support under the new Temporary Framework for State aid, the Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative and under the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund.

The EU adopted a regulation in April 2020 for exceptional amendments and flexibility measures in the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund. These measures will support fisheries, aquaculture farmers and producer organisations during the temporary cessation of activities, as well as provide a more flexible reallocation of financial resources and a simplified procedure for amending operational programmes.

Fishery and Aquaculture sector

Protecting critical European assets and technology

“As in any crisis, when our industrial and corporate assets can be under stress, we need to protect our security and economic sovereignty,” Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said.

On 26 March, the Commission issued guidelines for Member States on foreign direct investment. The guidelines urge Member States to make full use of, in this time of crisis, their investment screening mechanisms to address cases where the acquisition of European companies by investors from outside the EU would create a risk to the EU’s security and public order.

The guidelines encourage Member States to screen direct investment from outside the EU in particular areas such as medical research, biotechnology and infrastructures as they are essential for the EU’s security and public order.

The EU adopted a Regulation on the screening of foreign direct investment in March 2019. Currently, national foreign direct investment screening mechanisms are in place in 14 Member States.

Message by President Ursula von der Leyen on guidelines to protect critical European assets and technology in current crisis

Flexibility under the EU’s Fiscal Rules

The European Commission has, for the first time ever, activated the general escape clause of the Stability and Growth Pact as part of its strategy to quickly and forcefully respond to the coronavirus outbreak in a timely and coordinated manner. This enables national governments to better support the national economies as the budgetary rules have been significantly relaxed.  

“I said that we will do whatever is necessary to support Europeans and the European economy. We delivered,” said President Ursula von der Leyen.

Message by President Ursula von der Leyen on further measures to support the economy

Following the approval of the Council, the general escape clause allows Member States to undertake measures to deal adequately with the crisis, while departing from the budgetary requirements that would normally apply under the European fiscal framework. 

The measure represents an important step in fulfilling the Commission’s commitment to use all economic policy tools at its disposal to support Member States’ in protecting their citizens and mitigating the pandemic’s severely negative socio-economic consequences.

The Commission stands ready to take further action as the situation evolves.


State aid actions

To further mitigate economic shocks and save businesses, the European Commission has put the most flexible State Aid rules yet, allowing Member States to provide direct support for hard hit companies and small firms as they may risk closing down without support. The Temporary Framework for State Aid measures, adopted on 19 March provides for five types of aid:

  1. direct grants (or tax advantages) of up to €800,000 per company;
  2. subsidised State guarantees on bank loans;
  3. public and private loans with subsidised interest rates;
  4. banks’ existing lending capacities, and use them as a channel for support for businesses – in particular to small and medium enterprises - such aid is clearly direct aid to the banks' customers and not to the banks themselves;
  5. additional flexibility to enable short-term export credit insurance to be provided by the State where needed.

The aim of these measures is to ensure that businesses retain the means to keep operating, or to temporarily freezing activity without implicating long-term growth prospects.

The Temporary framework was first amended on 3 April 2020 to increase possibilities for public support to research, testing and production of products relevant to fight the coronavirus outbreak, to protect jobs and to further support the economy. It was further amended on 8 May to enable recapitalisation and subordinated debt measures, and on 29 June 2020 to further support micro, small and start-up companies and to incentivise private investments.

The new Framework does not replace, but complements the many other possibilities already available to Member States in line with State aid rules. These are set out in the Communication on a Coordinated economic response to the coronavirus outbreak of 13 March 2020.

On 13 October, the Commission decided to prolong and extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework adopted on 19 March 2020, to support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. All sections of the Temporary Framework were prolonged for six months until 30 June 2021, and the section to enable recapitalisation (debt and capital restructuring) support was prolonged for three months until 30 September 2021.

The objective is to enable Member States to support businesses in the context of the coronavirus crisis, especially where the need or ability to use the Temporary Framework has not fully materialised so far, while protecting the level playing field.

The amendment also introduces a new measure to enable Member States to support companies facing a decline in turnover during the eligible period of at least 30% compared to the same period of 2019 due to the coronavirus outbreak. The support will contribute to a part of the beneficiaries' fixed costs that are not covered by their revenues, up to a maximum amount of €3 million per undertaking. Supporting these companies by contributing to part of their costs on a temporary basis aims at preventing the deterioration of their capital, maintaining their business activity and providing them with a strong platform to recover. This allows more targeted aid to companies that demonstrably need it.

The Commission has also adapted the conditions for recapitalisation measures under the Temporary Framework, in particular for the State's exit from the recapitalisation of enterprises where the State was an existing shareholder prior to the recapitalisation. The amendment allows the State to exit from the equity of such enterprises through an independent valuation, whilst restoring its previous shareholding and maintaining the safeguards to preserve effective competition in the Single Market.

As Europe moves from crisis management to economic recovery, State aid control will also accompany and facilitate the implementation of the Recovery and Resilience Facility. In this context, the Commission will:

  • engage with Member States to ensure investment projects supported by the Recovery and Resilience Facility are compatible with State aid rules. Indeed, certain infrastructure investments and direct support to citizens, fall outside State aid rules altogether and many measures do not need to be notified since they fall under block exemptions;
  • provide guidance to Member States as regards the flagship investment projects, including by providing templates; and
  • push ahead with revising key State aid rules by the end of 2021 to accommodate the green and digital transitions.

The Commission approves through urgent procedures state aids cases 7 days a week. Further information can be found on the Commission’s State aid webpages: State aid coronavirus.

Prolongation by one year (until 2021):

-    Guidelines on regional State aid for 2014-2020

-    Guidelines on State aid to promote risk finance investments

-    Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection and energy

-    Communication on the execution of important projects of common European interest

-    Communication on the application of Articles 107 and 108 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union to short-term export-credit insurance

Prolongation by three years (until 2023):

-    General Block Exemption Regulation

-    De minimis (small amounts) Regulation

-    Guidelines on State aid for rescuing and restructuring non-financial undertakings in difficulty

Overview of approved cases under the Temporary Framework

Supporting the public short-term export credit market

As enterprises are facing a severe lack of liquidity and their trading conditions are increasingly exposed to financial risks, private insurers are withdrawing from the short-term export-credit market. As a result, all economically justifiable risks for exports to all countries in the world, including all Member States can no longer be sufficiently covered. The European Commission therefore decided on 27 March to temporarily remove all countries from the list of “marketable risk" countries under the Short-term export-credit insurance Communication. This will make public short-term export credit insurance more widely available in light of the current crisis. The amendment further expands on the flexibility introduced by the Commission's State aid Temporary Framework with respect to the possibility by State insurers to provide insurance for short-term export-credit.

On 13 October, the Commissioner decided to extend until 30 June 2021 the temporary removal of all countries from the list of “marketable risk" countries under the Short-term export-credit insurance Communication.

Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative

The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative (CRII) and Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+)  allow Member States to use cohesion policy funding to support the most exposed sectors, such as healthcare, small businesses and labour markets. It combines the mobilisation of immediate financial support from the structural funds to address the most pressing needs with the maximum possible flexibility in the use of the funds. With the Coronavirus Response Investment Initiatives, the European Commission is offering quick and easy-to-use help at times when Europeans need it the most. Regions also benefit from a temporary increase of the EU co-financing up to 100%.

On 12 October, the Commission announces the first provisional results of the Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative and Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus:

13 Billion figure icon for CRII Since the beginning of the crisis, the EU mobilised over €13 billion in investments to tackle the effects of the coronavirus pandemic.
8.4 billion figure icon

€8.4 billion have been mobilised through issuing grants, loans and a series of financial instruments to support the economy and, in particular, Small and Medium enterprises.

4.1 billion figure icon

€4.1 billion have been reallocated towards healthcare to purchase vital machinery and personal protective equipment to save lives. €3.8 billion been used to invest in healthcare to purchase vital machinery and personal protective equipment to save the lives of EU citizens.

1.4 billion figure icon

Some €1.4 billion have been channelled through the European Social Fund to save jobs.

The European Commission has set up the Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative to help Member States fund their coronavirus crisis response. It combines the mobilisation of immediate financial support from the structural funds to address the most pressing needs with the maximum possible flexibility in the use of the funds. Learn more

With the Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative, the European Commission is offering quick and easy-to-use help at times when Europeans need it the most.

Coronavirus response investment initiative per country

1. Immediate support for most pressing needs

Funding can be used to:

  • buy medical equipment,
  • pay doctors and health workers
  • support the unemployed
  • Keep people in jobs
  • Support small business

Under the Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative, the hardest-hit Member States can also rely on up to €800 million from the EU Solidarity Fund.

To ensure maximum transparency and accountability, the Commission launches today a dedicated webpage on the Cohesion Open Data Platform to show how the EU Cohesion policy is supporting Member States to overcome the coronavirus crisis.

2. Maximum flexibility in using EU funds

On 2 April 2020, the European Commission took a decisive further step to provide Member States with exceptional additional flexibility to use the uncommitted funding, totalling €54 billion for 2020, as required to address the coronavirus pandemic.

  • Make it possible for Member States to exceptionally request 100% EU co-financing for their cohesion policy programmes
  • Make it easier to transfer resources between funds as well as between categories of regions
  • Give full flexibility to redirect resources to the areas most impacted by the current crisis
  • Simplify procedures linked to programme implementation and audit

The European Commission proposes further to increase flexibility in the rules governing the funds that support the most deprived (FEAD), fishermen and the seafood sector, and farmers.

Factsheet - Cohesion policy

Emergency support

The Emergency Support Instrument provides support to help Member States in their efforts to address the coronavirus pandemic. It provides a broad EU tool-box to respond to needs which can be best addressed in a strategic, coordinated manner at European level. As a financing arm of the Joint European Roadmap towards lifting coronavirus containment measures, the instrument helps mitigate the immediate consequences of the pandemic and anticipate the needs related to the exit and recovery.

The Emergency Support Instrument is based on the principle of solidarity and pools efforts and resources to quickly address shared strategic needs. It is a complementary instrument: the Emergency Support Instrument intervenes on top of the efforts made under rescEU and the Joint Procurement Agreement, or under other initiatives at national or EU level.

EU medical and health support

Strategic funding to boost global preparedness

The European Commission provides strategic funding for initiatives and operations aimed at mitigating the economic effects of the coronavirus and to save lives across the world.

The Commission has mobilised more than €400 million to boost global preparedness, prevention and containment of the virus inside and outside Europe. With A part of this EU contribution, the EU will support the World Health Organization (WHO), in particular the global preparedness and response plan.

Decisive actions by the European Central Bank and the European Investment Bank

On 18 March, the European Central Bank’s Governing Council announced a new Pandemic Emergency Purchase Programme with an envelope of €750 billion until the end of the year, in addition to the €120 billion decided on 12 March. Together this amounts to 7.3% of euro area GDP. The programme is temporary and designed to address the unprecedented situation our monetary union is facing. It will remain in place until the crisis phase is over.

On 16 March, the European Investment Bank Group proposed a plan to mobilise up to €40 billion in financing. This will go towards bridging loans, credit holidays and other measures designed to alleviate liquidity and working capital constraints for SMEs and mid-caps. The European Investment Bank Group, including the European Investment Fund, which specialises in support for small and medium-sized enterprises, will work through financial intermediaries in the Member States and in partnership with national promotional banks. The proposed financing package consists of:

  • Dedicated guarantee schemes to banks based on existing programmes for immediate deployment, mobilising up to  €20 billion of financing;
  • Dedicated liquidity lines to banks to ensure additional working capital support for small and medium-sized enterprises and mid-caps of  €10 billion;
  • Dedicated asset-backed securities purchasing programmes to allow banks to transfer risk on portfolios of small and medium-sized enterprise loans, mobilising another €10 billion of support.

The macro-economic outlook

The Commission is actively monitoring the economic situation in the Member States and beyond, and is coordinating national economic responses. The Commission’s Winter Economic Forecast, presented on 13 February 2020, already identified coronavirus as a risk to the European economy.


COVID-19 - Economic package, 2 April 2020

Commission Autumn 2020 Economic Forecast, 5 November 2020

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