On 1 February 2020, the Withdrawal Agreement setting out arrangements for the orderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union entered into force and the United Kingdom became formally a third country. The Withdrawal Agreement provided for a transition period which started on 1 February 2020 and ended on 31 December 2020. During that transition period, and unless otherwise provided, Union law continued to apply to and in the UK, including infringement procedures. Any reference to Member States in this report should therefore be understood as including the United Kingdom.

INFRINGEMENTS

New infringement cases 2016 - 2020

In 2020, the Commission opened 55 new infringement cases against United Kingdom by sending a letter of formal notice under Article 258 TFEU.

By clicking on this interactive multi-level chart, you can consult the distribution of the new infringement cases in 2020 per policy area and per type of infringement.

Infringement cases open at year-end 2016 - 2020

At the end of 2020, 97 infringement cases remained open against United Kingdom.

The figures for 2020 cover infringement cases where a letter of formal notice was sent in that year or before, irrespective of the stages the cases have reached. Only cases which have not been closed by a formal decision in 2020 are included.

By clicking on the above multi-level chart you can consult the number of infringement cases open at the end of 2020 per policy area and per type of infringement.

New late transposition cases 2016 - 2020

In 2020, the Commission opened 43 new late transposition cases against United Kingdom for failure to timely transpose directives.

By clicking on this interactive multi-level chart, you can consult the distribution of the new late transposition cases in 2020 per policy area.

EU PILOT

New EU Pilot cases 2016 - 2020

In 2020, the Commission opened 3 new EU Pilot cases against United Kingdom.

By clicking on this interactive multi-level chart, you can consult the distribution of the new EU Pilot cases in 2020 per policy area.

EU Pilot cases 2016 – 2020

The above chart shows the number of EU Pilot cases registered, handled or remaining open at year-end for the period 2016-2020. The resolution rate for EU Pilot responses received from United Kingdom in 2020 was 75%.

COMPLAINTS

New complaints

In 2020, the Commission registered 62 new complaints about alleged or potential breaches of EU law against United Kingdom.

By clicking on this interactive multi-level chart, you can consult the distribution of the new complaints in 2020 per policy area.

Complaints 2016 – 2020

The above chart shows the number of complaints registered, handled or remaining open at year-end for the period 2016-2020.

MORE INFORMATION ON INFRINGEMENT CASES

Most important infringement cases closed without a Court of Justice ruling in 2020;

Some of the most important ongoing infringement cases in 2020;

Important Court of Justice rulings against the Member State in 2020:

Documents

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