It is recommended that the EC encourage Member States to investigate of the emerging needs for the provision of publicly sourced data to support the operations of connected and automated vehicle (and CCAM in general). It is highly probable that efficient deployment of CCAM will draw not only from on-board sensors but also draw upon reliable contextual information drawn from public sources, which may include data concerning dynamic or recent changes to road alignment, changes in road equipment, signalling and signage, as well as dynamic events, incidents, road works etc. Furthermore information on road related traffic regulations must ultimately be sourced from the reliable source of public administrations.
Many ITS-related initiatives and Delegated Regulations make reference to the datasets available under the INSPIRE directive. As the needs for publicly sourced data to support CCAM become clearer, it will important to ensure that the technical specifications related to Transport Network under the INSPIRE directive remain aligned with this new and common need - such that road authorities and supporting agencies across Europe are not obliged to create, maintain and publish multiple standardised data sets for support of different services and applications in the ITS and mobility domain.
Many standardised format and exchange mechanisms exist in this space already - DATEX, TN-ITS, but the requirements for CCAMs are likely to demand a more coherent and consistent encoding and delivery of data these existing mechanisms can support.
There is already some concern about the suitability of the INSPIRE Transport Networks data sets as a basis for any operational systems - with anecdotal evidence showing that INSPIRE datasets are purely used as a required form of published data, but with the emergence of CCAM and the need for some publicly sourced data to be widely available in common forms across the EU, that steps should be taken to ensure the requirements of the INSPIRE Transport Network specifications are well aligned to the growing needs.
Valuable work on this topic is being done across numerous projects and groups - ISO TC204 WG3 drawing mainly on Japanese inputs from SIP-adus are working actively on this topic, but wider engagement is needed as is a need to ensure that specifications emerging are well aligned to European needs and the framework of the INSPIRE specifications. CEN TC278 WG7 are also starting work in this area.
JRC are asked to consider this, in conjunction with both the automotive industry and strong representation from public administrations.
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