The European Union is the leading producer, consumer and exporter of olive oil. From 2013/14 – 2017/18, the EU produced 68.4%, consumed 54.2% and exported 66.9% of the world’s olive oil.
The EU is a member of the international olive council, which was set up in 1959 to administer the succession of international commodity agreements concluded over the past 50 years to defend and promote olive growing, olive oil and table olives. The international olive council members account for almost 98% of the world production of olive oil. Nearly all the Mediterranean countries and, in addition, Argentina, Uruguay, Iran and Jordan participate in the agreement.
Legal bases on olive oil includes legislation on marketing standards for olive oil, characteristics of olive oil and olive residue oil, operator’s organisation, private storage, and price notification.
EU regulation 1308/2013 – common organisation of the markets in agricultural products
EU regulation 2568/91 – characteristics of olive oil and olive-residue oil and on the relevant methods of analysis.
EU implementing regulation 29/2012 – marketing standards for olive oil (codification).
EU delegated regulation 611/2014 – the support programmes for the olive oil and table-olives sector.
EU implementing regulation 615/2014 – detailed rules in respect of work programmes to support the olive oil and table olives sectors.
EU implementing regulation 1333/2013 – the notification obligations within the common organisation of agricultural markets.
EU delegated regulation 2016/1238 – laying down common rules for the granting of private storage aid for certain agricultural products.
A diversity of data and information is available on the olive oil market, prices, balance sheets, production, trade and import quota for Tunisian olive oil.
To ensure that the European Commission's responsibility for adopting implementing acts is exercised under the control of EU countries, various committees – composed of government representatives and chaired by a European Commission representative – are linked to the European Commission.
The committee for the common organisation of the agricultural markets meets regularly to discuss areas such as the evolution of market prices, production and trade in the EU and non-EU countries.
The civil dialogue group and working group on horticulture, olives and spirits (CDG) maintains the role of assisting the Commission in maintaining a regular dialogue on all matters related to olives.