The nine key objectives
The 9 key objectives will be the basis upon which the future CAP Strategic Plans will be built and will be the cornerstone of a more results-oriented policy. The objectives are
- to ensure a fair income to farmers
- to increase competitiveness
- to rebalance the power in the food chain
- climate change action
- environmental care
- to preserve landscapes and biodiversity
- to support generational renewal
- vibrant rural areas
- to protect food and health quality
Analysis of the key policy objectives
To explain the reasoning behind each of these 9 objectives, the European Commission has produced a series of briefs. These briefs summarise the main facts about, as well as the policy relevance of, each objective.
Health, Food & Antimicrobial Resistance
"The overall sales of veterinary anitmicrobials across 25 European countries have decreased by more than 20% between 2011 and 2016"
Key objective: Improve the response of EU agriculture to societal demands on food and health, including safe, nutritious and sustainable food, reducing food waste, as well as animal welfare.
This brief focuses on the challenges posed by antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in animal husbandry, the close links between animal welfare, animal health and food-borne diseases, and EU actions that can support farmers and the Member States in the fight against AMR.
Ensuring viable farm income
"In 2017, farmers earned on average just under half of what could be gained in other jobs, from a third a decade ago"
Key objective: Support viable farm income and resilience across the Union to enhance food security.
The brief examines the current situation with EU farm income, the role of the CAP in supporting it and the differences among Member States and sectors. Additionally, it discusses which combination of measures are needed to serve the key objective of supporting viable farm income.
Efficient soil management
"Agricultural soils in the EU contain the equivalent of 51 billion tonnes of CO2 which is significantly more than the greenhouse gasses emitted annually by EU Member States"
Key objective: Foster sustainable development and efficient management of natural resources such as water, soil and air.
The brief focuses on soil as one of the most important natural resources, supplying essential nutrients, water, oxygen and support for plants. It also examines the concerns related to soil health and highlights the importance of policies which promote soil protection.
Agriculture and climate mitigation
"EU agriculture has a key role to play in helping to reach the commitments of the Paris' agreement and EU strategies on sustainability and bioeconomy by stepping up its ambition in terms of GHG emissions"
Key objective: Contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation, as well as sustainable energy.
This brief examines the role that agriculture can play in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions through new farm and soil management techniques. Additionally, it explores the risk that climate change poses to agriculture.
Farmer position in value chains
"Agriculture is characterised by a stagnant and low share of value added in the value chain, due to high input costs, variation in production and incorporation of new services"
Key objective: Improve farmers' position in the value chain
The brief examines how the future CAP can strengthen the position of farmers through such measures as strengthening cooperation among farmers, increasing market transparency and ensuring effective mechanisms against Unfair Trading Practices (UTPs).
Jobs and growth in rural areas
"The CAP plays a major role in alleviating some of the unemployment and poverty pressures on rural areas. A recent study by the World Bank demonstrated the positive role played by the policy in reducing poverty"
Key objective: Promote employment, growth, social inclusion and local development in rural areas, including bio economy and sustainable forestry.
This brief explores the role of the CAP in the rural economy and looks at how income support and rural development spending helps maintain employment rates and standards of living.