The CMEF at a glance

The European Commission has set up the common monitoring and evaluation framework (CMEF) to assess the performance of the common agricultural policy (CAP) and improve its efficiency.

Monitoring and evaluation results generate valuable information. They:

  • provide a sound analytical basis for future policy design;
  • help in setting policy and programme objectives, and are then used to measure how these objectives are met in the long term;
  • contribute to the accountability of public spending, playing an important role in responding to citizens’ concerns and questions regarding the use of taxpayers’ money.

To ensure proper monitoring and evaluation, the political objectives must be related to the planned measures. The CAP objectives are:

  • viable food production, with a focus on agricultural income, agricultural productivity and price stability;
  • sustainable management of natural resources and climate action, with a focus on greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, soil and water;
  • balanced territorial development, with a focus on rural employment, growth and poverty in rural areas.

The monitoring and evaluation framework for the common agricultural policy 2014–20

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Monitoring

The monitoring element of the CMEF provides key information on the implementation of the CAP. The Commission monitors today’s developments in agricultural markets, rural development and the use of CAP funds.

A number of indicator types were defined to support the assessment of the CAP's performance.

The selected indicators are presented visually and interactively in the dashboard by theme, including farming income support, climate change and air quality, market orientation and organic production.

The Commission provides an annual update of data (subject to availability) for a set of context indicators that reflect aspects of the general trends that are likely to have an influence on the implementation, achievements and performance of the CAP.

Related information

Annual data set of context indicators

Evaluation

Within the CMEF, evaluation is a tool to assess the impact of policy interventions. It provides evidence for decision-making and improves the effectiveness, utility and efficiency of CAP interventions. It also contributes to improved transparency, learning and accountability.

Evaluations of the measures related to income support for farmers, assistance for complying with sustainable agricultural practices, and market support are carried out by independent external contractors. This includes research bodies, universities and consultancy firms, who operate under the responsibility of the Commission on the basis of a multiannual evaluation plan. Contracts are established through a public tendering process. Tender notices and calls for tender are published on the platform tenders electronic daily.

The purpose, scope and timing of each evaluation is set out in evaluation roadmaps, which are open to feedback from citizens.

For the rural development programmes, evaluations are carried out by EU countries. The Commission produces syntheses of the ex-ante and ex-post evaluations prepared by the countries.

To ensure that evaluations are firmly embedded in the policy making process and that established benchmarks are met, the Commission has prepared guidelines and a toolbox for better regulation, outlining requirements and best practices for evaluations of the CAP.

The reports and findings of evaluations are listed in six categories:

CMEF reports

The Commission publishes reports on the implementation of the CMEF and the results assessing the performance of the CAP.

The first report on the monitoring and evaluation of the CAP for the 2014-20 period was presented to the European Parliament and the Council of the EU in 2018 (COM/2018/790 final) and is completed by the second report published in December 2021.

Legal bases

The following rules govern the CMEF for:

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