Policy coherence for development

Through policy coherence for development, the EU seeks to take account of development objectives in all of its policies that are likely to affect developing countries. It aims at minimising contradictions and building synergies between different EU policies to benefit developing countries and increase the effectiveness of development cooperation.

Global dimension of CAP

The 2017 Commission’s communication on the 'Future of food and farming' refers also to the global dimension of the common agricultural policy, explaining that it will seek coherent action among its policies in line with the 2030 Agenda, and with its commitment to enhance policy coherence for sustainable development. The latter requires taking into account development objectives in policies which are likely to affect developing countries.


The main challenges for developing countries are to address food security and poverty reduction. By 2050, global food production will need to produce enough food for 9.3 billion people – an extra 2 billion from 2011 levels. According to OECD/FAO reports, this will result in an estimated 60% increase in global food production over the next 40 years.

In June 2017, the new European consensus on development reaffirmed the EU commitment to the policy coherence for development (PCD) and recognized it as a crucial element of the strategy to achieve the sustainable development goals in our partner countries. The consensus foresees that PCD will be applied across all policies and all areas covered by the UN 2030 Agenda on sustainable development, with special attention paid to trade, finance, environment and climate change, food security, migration and security.

Reporting on progress

Almost every two years the EU produces a report on progress vis-à-vis its commitment towards PCD, a requirement enshrined under the Lisbon treaty.

The last report was published in 2019 and it takes stock of progress by EU institutions and EU countries on PCD over the period 2015-2018, within the changing global development context following the adoption of the UN 2030 Agenda on sustainable development.

More information

Previous progress reports: 2015 - 2013 - 2011 - 2009 - 2007