Climate change and risk prevention

Cohesion policy supports adaptation measures by promoting ecosystem-based approaches, developing new infrastructures or retrofitting existing infrastructures


Cohesion and regional policy financing must respect state aid rules where relevant.


Culture and creativity can be harnessed for creating jobs and growth across Europe's regions and cities.

Education and training

Modernising education and training, investing in infrastructure, reducing early school leaving, promoting access to quality education for all.

Efficient public administration

Creating institutions which are stable and predictable and flexible enough to allow for open dialogue with the public, able to introduce new policy solutions and deliver better services.

Employment and labour market

Investing in an active labour market, self-employment, labour market institutions, active and healthy ageing, youth employment.

Energy networks

Single European transport area, enhancing regional mobility, environmentally-friendly and low-carbon transport, high-quality railway systems.

EU enlargement candidate countries

The instrument for pre-accession Assistance (IPA) is there to help non-EU countries to prepare their societies and economies for membership of the EU.

Environment and resource efficiency

Protecting water, biodiversity and clean air, investing in waste water treatment and waste management, developing green infrastructure.

Europe's outermost regions

Strengthening regional integration, increasing competitiveness and employment creation, promoting climate change action.


Investment in areas such as Europe’s ageing population, healthcare infrastructure and sustainable systems, e-health, health coverage, and health promotion programmes.

Information and communication technologies

Extending broadband and the roll-out of high-speed networks, developing ICT products, services and e-commerce, strengthening e-government.

Low-carbon economy

Investing in energy efficiency in buildings, renewable energy, smart distribution electricity grids, sustainable urban transport and in research and innovation in these areas.

Northern Ireland: the peace programme

Northern Ireland Task Force, PEACE Conference January 2013, Peace Building and Conflict Resolution Centre

Research and innovation

Investment in research and innovation, information and communication technology, business competitiveness, energy efficiency and renewable energy.

Rural development

The EU's rural development policy, investment strategy and funding in rural development and the maritime sector.

SME competitiveness

Access to finance for small businesses, improving access to global markets, promoting innovation.

Social inclusion

Promoting social inclusion, improving access to social and recreational services, supporting the regeneration of deprived communities.


Tourism plays a key role in the development of many European regions due to job creation potential, particularly for young people.


Promoting sustainable transport and mobility, investment in energy infrastructure and interconnections.