Strategies and policies

The EU biodiversity strategy aims to halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services both in the EU and globally by 2020. It reflects the commitments taken by the EU in 2010, within the international convention on biological diversity.

EU biodiversity strategy

Green infrastructure

The EU Research and Innovation policy agenda on Nature-Based Solutions and Re-Naturing Cities aims to position the EU as leader in ‘Innovating with nature’ for more sustainable and resilient societies.

Nature-based solutions

The resource-efficient Europe flagship initiative is part of the Europe 2020 Strategy, the EU's growth strategy for a smart, inclusive and sustainable economy. It supports the shift towards sustainable growth via a resource-efficient, low-carbon economy.

Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe

Other links

2030 agenda for sustainable development

Action plan for resilience in crisis prone countries

Action plan for the future of organic production in the EU

Green public procurement

Guidelines on best practice to limit, mitigate or compensate soil sealing

Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities (2007)

Toledo informal ministerial meeting on urban development - Declaration (2010)

Thematic strategy on the sustainable use of natural resources

Annex to the communication: Thematic strategy on the sustainable use of natural resources - Impact assessment

Urban data and studies

Copernicus: The European Earth observation programme

European Business and Biodiversity (B@B) Platform

European Environment Agency (EEA)

Biodiversity Information System for Europe

Land-Use-based Integrated Sustainability Assessment modelling platform (LUISA)

Open data portal for ESI

Study supporting potential land targets under the 2014 land communication

Urban atlas

Funding opportunities and advice

Programmes and funding opportunities

European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI)

European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF)

Natural Capital Financing Facility (NCFF)

European Investment Project Portal

Urban Innovative Actions (UIA)


Horizon 2020


Advice and technical assistance

European Investment Advisory Hub (EIAH)

Joint Assistance to Support Projects in European Regions (JASPERS) 


Beginner's Guide to EU Funding

Accessing regional-policy funds




European Green Capital Award (EGCA)

European Green Leaf (EGL)

Project examples

LIFE project database

REGIO project database


GreenClimeAdapt - Green tools for urban climate adaptation (pdf)
GreenCLimeAdapt aimed to demonstrate how cities can address and adapt to the impacts of climate change (including increased rainfall and urban heat island) via green tools including open storm water management, the use of green facades and green roofs.

Other projects

CIRCUSE: Managing land use for the benefit of all (2010-2013)
The CircUse project promoted sustainable urban development by limiting the use of new green spaces and by reusing previously used or underused land.

Neighbourhoods reborn (2007-2013)
REVIT, a network of six cities, worked together to improve the rehabilitation of brownfield sites within the framework of sustainable development.

Stuttgart: combating the heat island effect and poor air quality with green ventilation corridors (2014)
A climate atlas was developed for the Stuttgart region, presenting the distribution of temperature and cold air flows according to the city’s topography and land use.

Refurbishment of Gomeznarro Park in Madrid - storm water retention (2014)

The project improved the natural drainage and rain water retention of the Gomeznarro Park in Madrid which had been affected by erosion during heavy rainfall events.

EU legislation

Decision 1386/2013/EU on a General Union Environment Action Programme to 2020 ‘Living well, within the limits of our planet’