Emissions monitoring and reporting

Emissions monitoring and reporting

Monitoring and reporting of EU greenhouse gas emissions, progress made in reducing emissions.

Emissions trading

Emissions trading

EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from power stations, industrial plants and flights within the EU.

Effort sharing

Effort sharing

Greenhouse gas emission targets for EU countries for sectors not included in the EU ETS, such as agriculture, buildings and transport.

Land-based emissions

Land-based emissions

Greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry.

Transport emissions

Transport emissions

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from road transport, shipping and aviation.

Low carbon innovation

Low carbon innovation

EU initiatives to support low carbon innovation, such as renewable energy technologies and carbon capture and storage (CCS).

Ozone layer

Ozone layer

Reducing the use of ozone-depleting substances in the EU and globally.

Fluorinated greenhouse gases

Fluorinated greenhouse gases

Reducing emissions of fluorinated greenhouse gases in the EU and globally.

Adaptation to climate change

Adaptation to climate change

Anticipating adverse effects of climate change and acting to prevent or minimise damage, while exploiting potential opportunities.

Causes and consequences of climate change

Causes and consequences of climate change

How and why climate change is occurring and its global impact.

International action on climate change

International action on climate change

Paris Agreement and worldwide action on climate change.

Funding for climate action

Funding for climate action

EU funding for climate action, integration of climate issues into EU policies and programmes.