Lighting products include lamps and luminaires. A lamp has one or more light sources like halogen, compact fluorescent or LED lamps.
A luminaire is a complete electric light fixture that distributes, filters or transforms light from one or more lamps. A luminaire also has the necessary parts to support and protect lamps. Different types of luminaires include floor, table, wall, pendant, chandelier, spotlight and ceiling.
Lighting products come with energy labels and information printed on the product. The rating system ranges from A++ (the most efficient) to E (the least efficient).
Luminaires come with labels that show what lamps are suitable to be used in the luminaire. From 25 December 2019 onwards, the labelling of luminaires will no longer be required
From 1 September 2021, the existing rules under Regulation (EU) No 874/2012 will be repealed and replaced by new energy labelling requirements for light sources under Regulation on energy labelling for light sources (EU) 2019/2015. Using a scale from A (most efficient) to G (least efficient), the new labels will give information on the energy consumption, expressed in kWh per 1000 hours and have a QR-code that links to more information in an online database.
Ecodesign rules are mandatory for almost all lamps sold in the EU. These regulations set energy efficiency requirements and other factors such as bulb lifetime and warm-up time.
Emergency lightning and lamps designed for very specific uses, for instance in theatres, or lamps sold in very small quantities per year (less than 200) are excluded from these regulations.
From 1 September 2021, the existing rules outlined in (EC) No 244/2009, (EC) No 245/2009 and (EU) No 1194/2012 will be repealed and replaced by new requirements for light sources and separate control gears under Regulation for ecodesign requirements for light sources and separate control gears (EU) 2019/2020. With the new regulation, most halogen lamps and the traditional fluorescent tube lighting, which are common in offices, will be phased-out from September 2023 onwards.
By 2020, the existing lighting regulations are expected to bring electricity savings of 93 TWh/year in the EU. This is more than the energy consumption of Croatia. It will also avoid annual emissions of 35 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent.