A refrigerating appliance is an insulated cabinet with one or more compartments that are controlled at specific temperatures and which are cooled naturally or forced. Typical examples include household fridges, freezers and combi-appliances, wine storage units and mini-bars.
The EU energy labels for household fridges and freezers use, as of 1 March 2021, a scale from A (most efficient) to G (least efficient). The labels provide information on the product’s
- energy efficiency class
- energy consumption
- storage volume(s)
- whether or not it has a freezer compartment
- noise emissions
Other factors may apply to the label, for example for wine storage units, which shows the number of bottles that can be stored.
The European Product Registry for Energy Labelling (EPREL) offers detailed information on models placed on the EU market, by scanning the QR code featured on the new energy labels. The database provides information such as, the model dimensions, the type of compartments and their individual volume, or the minimum guarantee offered by the supplier.
The legal framework is Regulation on energy labelling for refrigerating appliances (EU) 2019/2016 that repeals and replaces Regulation (EU) No 1060/2010.
Rules on ecodesign for refrigerating appliances are mandatory for all manufacturers and importers wishing to sell their products in the EU.
From 1 March 2021, the Regulation on ecodesign requirements of refrigerating appliances (EU) 2019/2019 repeals and replaces Regulation (EC) No 643/2009.
For the first time, the ecodesign measures will include requirements for reparability and recyclability, which will contribute to circular economy objectives by improving the life span, maintenance, re-use, upgrade, recyclability and waste handling of appliances.
By switching to more energy efficient refrigerating appliances, you can save up to €200 over the lifetime of an average product. More efficient refrigerating appliances will also allow Europe to save up to 9.6 TWh of electricity per year by 2030. This is close to the annual household electricity consumption of Lithuania, and will prevent around 3.1 million tonnes of CO2 from being emitted every year.