The national energy and climate plans (NECPs) were introduced by the Regulation on the governance of the energy union and climate action (EU)2018/1999, agreed as part of the Clean energy for all Europeans package which was adopted in 2019.

The national plans outline how the EU countries intend to address

  • energy efficiency
  • renewables
  • greenhouse gas emissions reductions
  • interconnections
  • research and innovation

This approach requires a coordination of purpose across all government departments and it provides a level of planning that will ease public and private investment.

The process

Under the governance regulation Member States had to submit their draft NECPs for the period 2021-2030 to the Commission by 31 December 2018. These were analysed by the Commission with an overall assessment and country-specific recommendations published in June 2019. Taking these recommendations into account, Member States were then required to submit their final NECPs by 31 December 2019.

On 17 September 2020, the Commission published a detailed EU-wide assessment of the final NECPs. As a follow-up, and as part of the 2020 energy union report, the Commission published individual assessments of each of the national plans for further guidance, together with a short summary in English.

Each country must submit a progress report every two years. The Commission will, as part of the state of the energy union report, monitor EU progress as a whole towards achieving these targets.

To better develop and implement the plans, the Member States were required to consult citizens, businesses and regional authorities in the drafting and finalisation process.

The governance regulation also required Member States to submit by the start of 2020 national long term strategies looking forward to 2050.

Final NECPs

The table below links to the final integrated national energy and climate plans for 2021 to 2030, as submitted by Member States.

 

Final NECPs received (as of 17 September 2020)

Original version

English version

National website

Austria

DE

EN

Austria

Belgium

FR
(Part A | Part B)

NL
(Part A | Part B)

EN (Part A | Part B)

Belgium (FR) (NL)

Bulgaria

BG

EN

 

Croatia

HR

EN

Croatia

Cyprus

EN

EN

Cyprus

Czechia

CS

EN

n/a

Denmark

EN

EN

n/a

Estonia

ET

EN

Estonia

Finland

EN

EN

Finland

France

FR

EN

 

Germany

DE

EN

Germany

Greece

EL

EN

Greece

Hungary

HU

EN

Hungary

Ireland

EN

 

 

Italy

IT

EN

Italy

Latvia

LV

EN

n/a

Lithuania

LT

EN

n/a

Luxembourg

DE | FR

EN

Luxembourg

Malta

EN

EN

n/a

Netherlands

NL

EN

n/a

Poland

PL

EN

(Part 1-3 | Part 4 | Part 5)

Summary

Poland

Portugal

PT

EN

Portugal

Romania

RO

EN

 

Slovakia

SK

EN

Slovakia

Slovenia

SL

EN

Slovenia

Spain

ES

EN

 

Sweden

SE

EN

n/a

       

* Until now, the UK has not complied with its obligation to submit a national energy and climate plan, as required under Withdrawal Agreement between UK and the EU