The national energy and climate plans (NECPs) were introduced by the Regulation on the governance of the energy union and climate action (EU)2018/1999, agreed as part of the Clean energy for all Europeans package which was adopted in 2019.

The national plans outline how the EU countries intend to address

  • energy efficiency
  • renewables
  • greenhouse gas emissions reductions
  • interconnections
  • research and innovation

This approach requires a coordination of purpose across all government departments and it provides a level of planning that will ease public and private investment.

The process

Under the governance regulation Member States had to submit their draft NECPs for the period 2021-2030 to the Commission by 31 December 2018. These were analysed by the Commission with an overall assessment and country-specific recommendations published in June 2019. Taking these recommendations into account, Member States were then required to submit their final NECPs by 31 December 2019.

Taking these recommendations into account, Member States were then required to submit their final NECPs by 31 December 2019.

On 17 September 2020, the Commission published a detailed EU-wide assessment of the final NECPs. As a follow-up, and as part of the 2020 energy union report, the Commission published individual assessments of each of the national plans for further guidance.

Each country must submit a progress report every two years. The Commission will, as part of the state of the energy union report, monitor EU progress as a whole towards achieving these targets.

To better develop and implement the plans, the Member States were required to consult citizens, businesses and regional authorities in the drafting and finalisation process.

The governance regulation also required Member States to submit by the start of 2020 national long term strategies looking forward to 2050.

Final NECPs

The table below links to the final integrated national energy and climate plans for 2021 to 2030, as submitted by Member States. It also links to the European Commission’s individual assessment of each NECP.

EU countries

Final NECPs received

Commission’s individual assessments

Original version

English version

National website

National language(s) English version

Austria

DE

EN

Austria

DE EN

Belgium

FR
(Part A | Part B)

NL
(Part A | Part B)

EN (Part A | Part B)

Belgium (FR) (NL)

FR EN

Bulgaria

BG

EN

BG EN

Croatia

HR

EN

Croatia

HR EN

Cyprus

EN

EN

Cyprus

EL EN

Czechia

CS

EN

n/a

CS EN

Denmark

EN

EN

n/a

DA EN

Estonia

ET

EN

Estonia

ET EN

Finland

EN

EN

Finland

FI EN

France

FR

EN

FR EN

Germany

DE

EN

Germany

DE EN

Greece

EL

EN

Greece

EL EN

Hungary

HU

EN

Hungary

HU EN

Ireland

EN

EN

Italy

IT

EN

Italy

IT EN

Latvia

LV

EN

n/a

LV EN

Lithuania

LT

EN

n/a

LT EN

Luxembourg

DE | FR

EN

Luxembourg

FR EN

Malta

EN

EN

n/a

MT EN

Netherlands

NL

EN

n/a

EN

Poland

PL

EN

(Part 1-3 | Part 4 | Part 5)

Summary

Poland

PL EN

Portugal

PT

EN

Portugal

PT EN

Romania

RO

EN

RO EN

Slovakia

SK

EN

Slovakia

SK EN

Slovenia

SL

EN

Slovenia

SL EN

Spain

ES

EN

ES EN

Sweden

SE

EN

n/a

EN

* The UK left the EU on 1 February 2020, and the transition period agreed upon in the EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement finished on 31 December 2020. However, as it was subject to EU legislation during the Brexit transition, the UK submitted their NECP shortly before the end of 2020.