About this consultation

Consultation period
12 October 2017 - 4 January 2018
Single market, Business and industry, Research and innovation, Public health

Responses to this consultation

There were 231 responses to the consultation. 

In the interest of transparency, organisations were invited to provide the public with relevant information about themselves by registering in the Transparency Register and subscribing to its Code of Conduct. If the organisation is not registered, the submission is published separately from the registered organisations.

Consultation outcome

The results of this consultation will provide valuable input for the Commission when preparing an evaluation of EU legislation on SPCs, and any future policy proposals on SPCs and patent exemptions, including the assessment of the impact of different policy options.

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Target group

All citizens and organisations were invited to contribute to this consultation. Contributions were particularly sought from:

  • originators in the agrochemical and pharmaceutical sectors (large companies, universities, start-ups, small and medium-sized enterprises)
  • the EU-based generic and biosimilar medicines and plant protection products industry, and active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) suppliers
  • innovative sectors whose products require pre-market regulatory authorisation but are not eligible for an SPC
  • national authorities
  • consumer organisations, patient groups, research and academic institutions, and individual citizens

Objective of the consultation

The Single Market Strategy, adopted in October 2015, announced that the Commission will ‘consult, consider and propose further measures, as appropriate, to improve the patent system in Europe, notably for pharmaceutical and other industries whose products are subject to regulated market authorisations’.

In particular, the Strategy aimed to explore a recalibration of certain aspects of patent and supplementary protection certificate (SPC) protection, and announced that this recalibration could comprise the following 3 elements:

  • the creation of a European SPC title
  • an update of the scope of EU patent research exemptions
  • the introduction of an SPC manufacturing waiver 

SPCs are a unique intellectual property right that constitute an extension (of up to 5 years) to the term of a patent right (of 20 years). SPCs apply to innovative pharmaceutical and plant protection products that have been authorised by regulatory authorities. They aim to offset the loss of effective patent protection that occurs due to the compulsory and lengthy testing and clinical trials that products require prior to obtaining regulatory marketing approval. The relevant EU legislation is Regulation (EC) No 469/2009 and Regulation (EC) No 1610/96 on SPCs covering pharmaceutical and plant protection products respectively.

The ‘Bolar’ patent exemption aims at speeding up the entry of generic medicines into the market by allowing early preparatory development on generics to obtain pre-market regulatory approval, even when the SPC of the reference medicine is still in force. The Bolar exemption is regulated at EU level for the pharmaceutical industry only. This is done through Article 13(6) of Directive 2001/82/EC and Article 10(6) of Directive 2001/83/EC. The scope of the EU Bolar exemption has been updated in some EU countries, to meet new pharmaceutical-related requirements among other things. With this consultation the Commission seeks the views of stakeholders on the SPC and patent research exemption of SPCs. Citizens and stakeholders are invited to provide feedback on their experience and knowledge, which the Commission will carefully analyse before deciding whether and to what extent it should take further action. Input from stakeholders will be used for evaluation of the above legislation and impact assessment of any potential modification of the SPC and patent exemption framework in the EU.

How to submit your response

This consultation is now closed. The questionnaire that was used is available below. 

View the questionnaire

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Reference documents

  • Economic Analysis of Supplementary Protection Certificates in Europe
  • Assessing the economic impacts of changing exemption provisions during patent and SPC protection in Europe
  • 25 years of SPC protection for medicinal products in Europe: Insights and challenges

Additional information

Protection of personal data

The contributions received and the identity of the contributor will be published on this website, unless the contributor objects to the publication of their personal data.

Please read the specific privacy statement for information on how your personal data and contribution will be dealt with.